Sacred Earth - Sacred Plants: Mandrake (Mandragora officinalis) © Kat Morgenstern, February 2002 There are 6 species in this genus, the most common of which is Mandragora officinarum. The perennial plants form a leaf-rosette with no stalk. The leaves can grow up to a foot in size and are between 4 - 5 inches wide with a sharply pointed apex. When they first emerge they stand erect, but gradually flatten out. The star like flowers are five pointed and somewhat bell-shaped. Mandrake originates in the eastern Mediterranean region and is distributed throughout southern Europe, the Middle East and northern Africa, where it grows in waste places and abandoned fields in sandy and rocky, well draining soil. Joe Rogan, DMT, Life. Psychopharmacology. An arrangement of psychoactive drugs The field of psychopharmacology studies a wide range of substances with various types of psychoactive properties, focusing primarily on the chemical interactions with the brain.
Psychoactive drugs interact with particular target sites or receptors found in the nervous system to induce widespread changes in physiological or psychological functions. The specific interaction between drugs and their receptors is referred to as "drug action", and the widespread changes in physiological or psychological function is referred to as "drug effect". These drugs may originate from natural sources such as plants and animals, or from artificial sources such as chemical synthesis in the laboratory.
Historical overview Early psychopharmacology The common muscimol-bearing mushroom Amanita muscaria, also known as the "Fly Agaric" Modern psychopharmacology Chemical signaling Neurotransmitters Hormones Psychopharmacological substances Timothy Leary. Leary believed LSD showed therapeutic potential for use in psychiatry.
He popularized catchphrases that promoted his philosophy such as "turn on, tune in, drop out" (a phrase given to Leary by Marshall McLuhan); "set and setting"; and "think for yourself and question authority". He also wrote and spoke frequently about transhumanist concepts involving space migration, intelligence increase and life extension (SMI²LE), and developed the eight-circuit model of consciousness in his book Exo-Psychology (1977).
Rick Strassman. Clinical research in Psychoactives Strassman's studies aimed to investigate the effects of N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT), a powerful entheogen, or psychedelic, that he hypothesizes is produced by the human brain in the pineal gland.
DMT is found naturally in various natural sources, and is related to human neurotransmitters such as serotonin and melatonin. There is speculation involving the role DMT may play in the dream state. Upon entering the REM stage of sleep, minute amounts of DMT are most likely released into the bloodstream after one has fallen asleep. Strassman refers to DMT as the "god molecule" or "spirit molecule" due to many users claiming of contacting non-human or god-like beings under the alkaloid's influence. However, Strassman has not provided much of the explanation for the mechanism's mysterious qualities by which this synthesis could produce levels of DMT that would lead to such effects.
Cottonwood Research Foundation Mimosa (Jurema) Vault : DMT for the Masses. NOTE: Before performing any extraction procedure, it is always a good idea to read the entire description of the process from start to finish. Please see the Addendum at the end of this tek for additional tips, refinements, and clarifications regarding to the processes described. Also see the related article Keep that Mimosa Mud? By J. Cocktoasten. Horizons 2010: Rick Strassman, M.D. - “Old Testament Prophecy – A Western Model of the Psychedelic Experience” Rick Strassman, MD. Rick Strassman on DMT & the Pineal Gland. Jim Carrey Spiritual Awakening - DMT Experience He is In The Know. DMT For The Masses - Extraction Tek Questions [Archive]
As to solvents, like I said, Shellie gives a purer product (light yellow) and nice crystals if evaporated slowly.
But toluene, which gives a darker product, is far superior in effect. I would use Acacia obtusifolia bark cos it gives a high yield of 3-4g per kilo of bark. 1: Acquire and remove bark from stumps in strips. 2: Acid extraction of bark. 3: Remove bark and boil down. 4: Basify acid extract 5: Solvent extraction. 6. Evaporate. No defatting, no re-crystallization! - 1) In a 10L steel pot mix 5L of water and 750ml of “Apple Cider Vinegar. - Apple cider vinegar because it doesn’t concentrate when you reduce the fluid volume. 2) Then add as much bark as the water will cover, and boil for 2hrs with the lid on. 2hrs seems to be long enough to get all the alkaloids out of the bark. 3) Remove the bark and with lid off simmer the acid extraction down to 1L. 4) Let cool and pour into a 2L juice bottle.
Alexander Shulgin. Alexander "Sasha" Theodore Shulgin (born June 17, 1925) is an American medicinal chemist, biochemist, pharmacologist, psychopharmacologist, and author.
Shulgin is credited with introducing MDMA ("ecstasy") to psychologists in the late 1970s for psychopharmaceutical use. He discovered, synthesized, and personally bioassayed over 230 psychoactive compounds, and evaluated them for their psychedelic and/or entactogenic potential. Alex Jones & Joe Rogan - It's Just a (Float Tank) Ride.