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Phenethylamine ( pron.: / f ɛ n ˈ ɛ θ ə l ɒ ˈ m iː n / ) (PEA), β-phenethylamine , or phenylethylamine is an organic compound and a natural monoamine alkaloid , a trace amine , and also the name of a class of chemicals with many members well known for psychoactive drug and stimulant effects. [ 1 ] Phenylethylamine functions as a neuromodulator or neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system . [ 2 ] It is biosynthesized from the amino acid phenylalanine by enzymatic decarboxylation .
Amphetamine ( USAN , contracted from alphamethyl-phenethylamine or α-methylphenethylamine ) is 1-phenylpropan-2-amine or C9H13N. Also called amfetamine ( INN ).
DMA , or dimethoxyamphetamine , is a series of lesser-known psychedelic drugs similar in structure to amphetamine and to trimethoxyamphetamine (TMA).
Adderall is a psychostimulant medication that contains amphetamine , used for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy . [ 1 ] Adderall is a combination of four amphetamine salts ( racemic amphetamine aspartate monohydrate , racemic amphetamine sulfate , dextroamphetamine saccharide , and dextroamphetamine sulfate ).
MBDB ( N -methyl-1,3-benzodioxolylbutanamine ) is an entactogen of the phenethylamine chemical class . MBDB is a closely related chemical analogue of MDMA , with the only difference between the two molecules being an ethyl group instead of a methyl group attached to the alpha carbon . It has IC50 values of 5-HT 784 nM dopamine 7825 nM norepinephrine 1233 nM.
MDEA ( 3,4-methylenedioxy- N -ethylamphetamine ; MDE ) is a psychedelic and entactogenic drug of the phenethylamine and amphetamine chemical classes . Like MDA , MDEA acts as a serotonin , norepinephrine , and dopamine releasing agent . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ]
MDMA ( 3,4-methylenedioxy- N -methamphetamine ) is an empathogenic drug of the phenethylamine and amphetamine classes of drugs .
MDA ( 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine ), also known as tenamphetamine ( INN ), is a psychedelic and entactogenic drug of the phenethylamine and amphetamine chemical classes. It is mainly used as a recreational drug , an entheogen , and a tool in use to supplement various types of practices for transcendence , including in meditation , psychonautics , and as an agent in psychedelic psychotherapy . It was first synthesized by G.
Methcathinone ( α-methylamino-propiophenone or ephedrone ) (sometimes called " meth cat ") is a monoamine alkaloid and psychoactive stimulant similar to cathinone , the primary psychoactive compound in the khat .
Cathinone [ pronunciation? ] , or benzoylethanamine (marketed as hagigat in Israel [ 1 ] ), is a monoamine alkaloid found in the shrub Catha edulis ( khat ) and is chemically similar to ephedrine , cathine and other amphetamines .
Dextroamphetamine is a psychostimulant drug approved for the treatment of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy .
Ephedrine ( pron.: / ɨ ˈ f ɛ d r ɪ n / or / ˈ ɛ f ɨ d r iː n / ; not to be confused with ephedrone ) is a sympathomimetic amine commonly used as a stimulant , appetite suppressant , concentration aid, decongestant , and to treat hypotension associated with anaesthesia. Ephedrine is similar in molecular structure to the well-known drugs phenylpropanolamine and methamphetamine , as well as to the important neurotransmitter epinephrine (adrenalin). Chemically, it is an alkaloid with a phenethylamine skeleton found in various plants in the genus Ephedra (family Ephedraceae ).
Methamphetamine ( USAN ) ( pron.: / ˌ m ɛ θ æ m ˈ f ɛ t əm iː n / ), also known as metamfetamine ( INN ), [ 2 ] meth , ice , [ 3 ] crystal , [ 4 ] glass , [ 4 ] tik , [ 5 ] N -methylamphetamine , methylamphetamine , and desoxyephedrine , is a psychostimulant of the phenethylamine and amphetamine class of psychoactive drugs . Methamphetamine occurs in two enantiomers , dextrorotary and levorotary ; dextromethamphetamine possesses the well-known psychostimulant effects of the drug, while levomethamphetamine is CNS -inactive.
Pseudoephedrine ( pron.: / ˌ s juː d oʊ . ɨ ˈ f ɛ d r ɪ n / or / ˌ s juː d oʊ ˈ ɛ f ɨ d r iː n / ; PSE ) is a sympathomimetic drug of the phenethylamine and amphetamine chemical classes .