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Saxons and Vikings

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Early Christianity in England. Christianity came at the pagan Anglo-Saxons from two directions. The Celtic Church, pushed back into Wales, Cornwall, and particularly Ireland, made inroads in the north from an early base on Lindisfarne Island. The Roman Catholic Church approached from the south, beginning with the mission of St.Augustine to Aethelbert, King of Kent, in 597. St. Augustine's MissionAethelbert was chosen because he was married to Bertha, a Frankish Christian princess, whose support was essential. The story goes that Aethelbert, unsure of the intent of the Christian magicians, chose to greet them in the open air to ensure that they couldn't cast a spell over him.Augustine's original intent was to establish an archbishopric in London, but this ignored the political fact that London was in the realm of decidedly pagan tribes, so Canterbury, the capital of the Kentish kingdom, became the seat of the pre-eminent archbishop in England.

Saxon church at Sompting, Sussex. Archaeology in Europe - Archaeology in Europe Home Page. A-Z of History. History - Conquest Trail. Free Outstanding History Lessons and expert advice for KS1, KS2, KS3 and GCSE. All parts of this site have been written or quality assured by Neil Thompson, who has vast experience of history teaching whether as OFSTED history inspector, the county history adviser to Hampshire primary and secondary schools or consultant and author for the BBC, DCSF and QCA. Neil continues to support teachers by running national courses and works with teachers in schools. He also runs school-based INSET and acts as 'virtual adviser' offering crucial support to new subject leaders. Free Outstanding lessons: well over 150 fully resourced actual lessons, judged Grade 1 by OFSTED criteria, regularly updated for KS1, KS2, KS3, GCSE and now A-level.

Smart Tasks : shorter, enquiry-based activities for all key stages, focussing on P.L.T.S. Key Stage 1 What do we remember on Poppy Day/Remembrance Day? Grace Darling This is the first lesson in which pupils explore a new famous person - Grace Darling. Want more? Seaside How do we know what holidays were like 100 years ago? Key Stage 2 A-level. Out of Oblivion: A landscape through time. Welcome to Beowulf - Electronic Resources. Anglo Saxon Manuscript map. Cancel Edit Delete Preview revert Text of the note (may include Wiki markup) Could not save your note (edit conflict or other problem). Please copy the text in the edit box below and insert it manually by editing this page.

Upon submitting the note will be published multi-licensed under the terms of the CC-BY-SA-3.0 license and of the GFDL, versions 1.2, 1.3, or any later version. See our terms of use for more details. Add a note Draw a rectangle onto the image above (press the left mouse button, then drag and release). This file has annotations. Save To modify annotations, your browser needs to have the XMLHttpRequest object. [[MediaWiki talk:Gadget-ImageAnnotator.js|Adding image note]]$1 [[MediaWiki talk:Gadget-ImageAnnotator.js|Changing image note]]$1 [[MediaWiki talk:Gadget-ImageAnnotator.js|Removing image note]]$1. King Alfred and the Anglo Saxons Alfred of Wessex EP1 BBC Documentary 2013 guerrilla war.

Canterbury manuscript. The Finnesburgh Fragment - Angelcynn Re-Enactment Society. Anglo Saxon Chronicle. Welcome to Britannia's online version of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, one of the most important documents that has come down to us from the middle ages. It was originally compiled on the orders of King Alfred the Great in approximately A.D. 890, and subsequently maintained and added to by generations of anonymous scribes until the middle of the 12th Century. The original language was Anglo-Saxon (Old English), but later entries were probably made in an early form of Middle English. We like to think of this document as the ultimate timeline of British history from its beginnings up to the end of the reign of King Stephen in 1154.

The Chronicle certainly does not present us with a complete history of those times and is probably not 100% accurate, either, but that doesn't diminish its enormous value in helping us to arrive at a clearer picture of what actually happened in Britain over a thousand years ago. The Translation This translation is by Rev. James Ingram (London, 1823). Old English Translator.

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: Part 1: A.D. 1 - 748. File:Anglo-Saxon Chronicle - C - 871.jpg. Summary Timeline 410 AD to 1066 AD - Anglo Saxon England. After 400 years in Britain the Romans leave A Kingdom in Kent is formed The Kingdom of Sussex (South Saxons) The Kingdom of Wessex (West Saxons) The Kingdom of Essex (East Saxons) The Kingdom of Northumberland (Angles living north of the river Humber) The Kingdom of East Anglia (East Angles) The Kingdom of Mercia (Middle Angles) The commencement of dominant Kings, 613-731. Northumbria Kings rule over the whole of England except Kent. The Kings of Mercia rule England Saxon Kings rule all EnglandEgbert 802-839 Ethelwulf 839-858 865 England is completely over run by the “Great Army” of Danish Vikings Alfred the Great saves England King Alfred 849-899 (22 when crowned) For 100 years from 787 to 878 the Vikings attacked the Shores of England. Edward 1st 901-925 (29 when crowned) Edward, son of Alfred the Great, was determined to win back the Danish ruled land (Danelaw) north east of Watling street and with the help of his equally determined sister Ethelfleda (Lady of Mercia) did so between 921 and 924.

The Anglo-Saxon kings. In the Dark Ages during the fifth and sixth centuries, communities of peoples in Britain inhabited homelands with ill-defined borders. Such communities were organised and led by chieftains or kings. Following the final withdrawal of the Roman legions from the provinces of Britannia in around 408 AD these small kingdoms were left to preserve their own order and to deal with invaders and waves of migrant peoples such as the Picts from beyond Hadrian's Wall, the Scots from Ireland and Germanic tribes from the continent. King Arthur, a larger-than-life figure, has often been cited as a leader of one or more of these kingdoms during this period, although his name now tends to be used as a symbol of British resistance against invasion. The invading communities overwhelmed or adapted existing kingdoms and created new ones - for example, the Angles in Mercia and Northumbria.

Ethelberht's law code was the first to be written in any Germanic language and included 90 laws. Featured English Monarch. Anglo-Saxons - Children's British History Encyclopedia. Life in Saxon and Viking times: NEN Gallery. Primary History - Anglo-Saxons. Romans in Sussex - Level 3 - Themes - Home Page. West Mucking - Anglo Saxon Village. Learning Zone Class Clips - What was the Anglo Saxon Chronicle? - History Video. Hobby Horse: Scratch built Saxon house. There are some good, reasonably priced dark ages building available on the web, those from Gripping Beast in particular seem excellent value for money. But if you have a little time and some craft materials to hand, it's pretty easy to build your own. Here's one I made earlier. The first thing I did was browse the web for some ideas. This Saxon grubenhaus seemed nice and simple, it's basically an A-frame with a thatched roof and a door.

I cut out two triangles from foamboard, though thick card would probably be strong enough. The roof is just a piece of cardboard from a cereal pack, folded in half. With the basic structure complete I added some texture. The final stage was to make a door. That's all there is to it. Anglo-Saxon and Viking Houses and Furniture. The Saxons generally built their houses of wood although, after they had accepted Christianity, some of their churches were built in stone.

Of course, at the time, people had been building in wood for thousands of years, so they would have known far more about making wooden buildings than we do today and they had far more timber to choose from. The problem with wooden buildings is that they catch fire and decay much more easily than stone buildings, which meant that they had to be replaced more often.

Indeed, there is some evidence to suggest that, at least amongst the nobility, it was considered 'not the done thing' to live in an old building, so some perfectly serviceable buildings would have been replaced for no more reason than personal vanity. The Vikings also had a long tradition of building in wood, and many of the early medieval wooden churches from Scandinavia survive to this day. Types of Buildings Sunken Featured Buildings. Framed Buildings Long-houses Stone Buildings Construction. Anglo-Saxons - Children's British History Encyclopedia. Etrusia - Saxons and Vikings in Britain - Home Page. Life in Saxons & Vikings - History cookbook. Gradually, in England, larger more poweful kingdoms developed.By the early 7th century, East Anglia had become a leading kingdom in England and, in 625, King Raedwald, a ‘Bretwalda’ (overlord of several kingdoms) died.

It is believed that it was Raedwald's splendid burial, complete with full sized warship, that was discovered at Sutton Hoo in Suffolk. However, after the death of Raedwald other kingdoms gradually became more powerful. More By AD 700, Northumbria ruled the north of England, Mercia covered the Midlands, Wessex ruled the West Country, and East Anglia parts of the East. The smaller kingdoms of southern England – Kent, Sussex and Essex – were fought over and dominated by Mercia and Wessex. In the west, the Saxons continued to battle with the Britons and boundaries fluctuated.

However, in the 8th century king Offa of Mercia created a large earthwork (Offa's Dyke) that formed a boundary between the Anglian kingdom of Mercia and the Welsh kingdom of Powys. Pinterest - History. Schools Activities page - Angelcynn Re-Enactment Society. Here we have a number of items which schools have asked us for. Let us know if you have any specific request which we might be able to fulfil. Combat braiding is a fun way to make a strong colourful braid for edging and fastening clothes together.

It can also be used for tying back hair, and as string on which to hang valuable items. So far as we know it has been mostly found in Viking contexts, but the Anglo-Saxons seem to have used it also. Tools and materials A hook or some similar fixing on a frame, about 2 metres off the ground. 2 braiders (enthusiastic young folk work best) 4 beanbags or sandbags in (say) two different colours, small enough to fit comfortably in the hands of the braiders. Thick (double knit or chunky) wool in various natural matching colours. Pure wool is ideal. Method Cut 2 lengths of wool of different colours approx. 1.5 metres in length.

Tie ends of each length onto bags of the same colour. Fold the wool in half to find the middles. (both) 2. What do we know? Numbers. Maps on the ceiling. I create map and nautical chart pillows here at salt labs in Detroit, MI. It seems like a natural evolution for me to be making map pillows. Maps are part of my DNA. I almost can’t walk or drive anywhere without a mental map in my brain of the places I’m travelling to or from. I have to know the north, east, south and west of the place I’m in. In Michigan, one intuitively orients oneself by the surrounding bodies of water, our Great Lakes. Over the past year, I’ve been on the craft show circuit, first locally, then regionally. Indirectly my daughter, Micha, was the inspiration for creating my map paper garlands. At Renegade, people loved them. 1. start with a square of map paper (I used 5-inch squares for my garlands) 2. fold both ways diagonally (called valley folds in origami) 3. fold horizontally, then vertically (called mountain folds) 4. bring folds together as shown, like a 3-D pyramid 5. then flatten into a triangle 6. take bottom right corner up to the top, press fold with finger.

Discover the riches of the British Library. Lessons - Romans, Anglo-Saxons and Vikings in Primary Resources. Primary History - Vikings. A Menagerie of Miracles: The Illustrated Life of St Cuthbert. Miniature of a monk (Bede?) Kissing the feet of St Cuthbert, from the preface to Bede's prose Life of St Cuthbert, England (Durham), 4th quarter of the 12th century, Yates Thompson MS 26, f. 1v Last year the British Library was pleased to announce the acquisition of the 7th century St Cuthbert Gospel (Additional MS 89000) following the largest public fundraising campaign in our history; see here, here and here for more.

Following the acquisition, the St Cuthbert Gospel was exhibited in our Treasures Gallery alongside another manuscript equally well known to lovers of all things Cuthbertian, Yates Thompson MS 26. This 12th century manuscript is our latest addition to the Digitised Manuscripts website. Yates Thompson MS 26 contains a number of texts about England's favourite hermit and bishop, most notably Bede's prose Life of St Cuthbert (vita beati Cuthberti). Sarah J Biggs. History: Vikings.