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Tai-Kadai languages

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Kam-Sui languages

Kra languages. Tai languages. Thai language. Dialects and related languages[edit] Thai is the official language of Thailand, spoken by over 20 million people (2000), Standard Thai is based on the register of the educated classes of Bangkok.[6][7] In addition to Central Thai, Thailand is home to other related Tai languages.

Thai language

Although linguists usually classify these idioms as related, but distinct languages, native speakers often identify them as regional variants of the "same" Thai language, or as "different kinds of Thai".[8] Related languages[edit] Isan (Northeastern Thai), the language of the Isan region of Thailand, a collective term for the various Lao dialects spoken in Thailand that show some Siamese Thai influences, which is written with the Thai script. It is spoken by about over 20 million people. Other languages spoken in Thailand[edit] Registers[edit] Most Thais can speak and understand all of these contexts. Kam–Tai languages. Lao language. Lao or Laotian /ˈlaʊʃən/[3] (ພາສາລາວ, BGN/PCGN: phasa lao, IPA: [pʰáːsǎː láːw]) is a tonal language of the Tai–Kadai language family.

Lao language

Ong Be language. Ong Be (native pronunciation: [ʔǎŋɓě]), also known as Bê, or Vo Limgao (臨高, Lin'gao) in Chinese, is a language spoken by 600,000 people, 100,000 of them monolingual, on the north-central coast of Hainan Island, including the suburbs of the provincial capital Haikou.

Ong Be language

The language is taught in primary schools and broadcast on the radio. Ong Be is a Tai–Kadai language, but it has no close relatives and its relationship within that family has not been determined.[3] Dialects[edit] Ong Be consists of the Lincheng 临城 (Western) and Qiongshan 琼山 (Eastern) dialects (Lingaoyu Yanjiu). Notes[edit] Jump up ^ Ong Be at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)Jump up ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). Hlai languages. The Hlai languages (Chinese: 黎语) are a primary branch of the Tai–Kadai language family spoken in the mountains of central and south-central Hainan Island in China.

Hlai languages

They include Cun, whose speakers are ethnically distinct.[3] A quarter of Hlai speakers are monolingual. None of the Hlai languages had a writing system until the 1950s, when the Latin script was adopted for Ha. Classification[edit] Norquest (2007) classifies the Hlai languages as follows.[4] Individual languages are highlighted in bold. There are some 750,000 Hlai speakers. Jiamao language. Jiamao (加茂, or Kamau) is one of the languages of the Li people.

Jiamao language

Unlike the other languages spoken by the Li, however, it is not Hlai, and is currently unclassified, though Thurgood suspects that it might be Austroasiatic. [citation needed] In the 1980s, Jiamao was spoken by 50,000 people in central and south-central Hainan Island, mostly in Jiamao Township (加茂镇), Baoting County (保亭县).

It shares less than half of its lexicon with standard Hlai.[3] There are four Jiamao dialects.[4][5] Cun language. Hlai language. Tai–Kadai languages. The Tai–Kadai languages, also known as Daic, Kadai, Kradai, or Kra–Dai, are a language family of highly tonal languages found in southern China and Southeast Asia.

Tai–Kadai languages

They include Thai and Lao, the national languages of Thailand and Laos respectively. There are nearly 100 million speakers of these languages in the world.[2] Ethnologue lists 95 languages in this family, with 62 of these being in the Tai branch.[3] The diversity of the Tai–Kadai languages in southeastern China, especially in Guizhou and Hainan, suggests that this is close to their homeland. The Tai branch moved south into Southeast Asia only about a thousand years ago, founding the nations that later became Thailand and Laos in what had been Austroasiatic territory. The name "Tai–Kadai" comes from an obsolete bifurcation of the family into two branches, Tai and Kadai (all else). External relationships[edit] The Austric proposal suggests a link between Austronesian and the Austroasiatic languages.