An Antidote for Mindlessness. In the mid-nineteen-seventies, the cognitive psychologist Ellen Langer noticed that elderly people who envisioned themselves as younger versions of themselves often began to feel, and even think, like they had actually become younger.
Men with trouble walking quickly were playing touch football. Memories were improving and blood pressure was dropping. The mind, Langer realized, could have a strong effect on the body. That realization led her to study the Buddhist principle of mindfulness, or awareness, which she characterizes as “a heightened state of involvement and wakefulness.” But mindfulness is different from the hyperalert way you might feel after a great night’s sleep or a strong cup of coffee. One of the first cognitive scientists to study mindfulness in an experimental setting, divorced from its spiritual trappings, Langer remained for years a lonely voice. Stressed Out: Americans Tell Us About Stress In Their Lives. Everyone seems to talk about feeling stressed out.
But what's the reality of stress in America these days? Hedonic-adaptation-positive-experiences.
Kelly McGonigal: How to make stress your friend. Martin Seligman. Martin E.
P. "Marty" Seligman (born August 12, 1942) is an American psychologist, educator, and author of self-help books. His theory of learned helplessness is popular among scientific and clinical psychologists. According to Haggbloom et al.' Suspension of disbelief. Suspension of disbelief or willing suspension of disbelief is a term coined in 1817 by the poet and aesthetic philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge, who suggested that if a writer could infuse a "human interest and a semblance of truth" into a fantastic tale, the reader would suspend judgement concerning the implausibility of the narrative.
Suspension of disbelief often applies to fictional works of the action, comedy, fantasy, and horror genres. Cognitive estrangement in fiction involves using a person's ignorance or lack of knowledge to promote suspension of disbelief. The phrase "suspension of disbelief" came to be used more loosely in the later 20th century, often used to imply that the burden was on the reader, rather than the writer, to achieve it. This might be used to refer to the willingness of the audience to overlook the limitations of a medium, so that these do not interfere with the acceptance of those premises. Coleridge's original formulation Coleridge recalled: ”... Whitehall Study. The original Whitehall Study investigated social determinants of health, specifically the cardiovascular disease prevalence and mortality rates among British male civil servants between the ages of 20 and 64.
I agree, Robert Sapolski comments on the effects of socioeconomic status (actual and perceived) on the response to, and the effects of stress. As you said as well it affects the ability to move to other strata of society as well. He did years of studies on Baboons in Kenya regarding social order and health ramifications of lower-status. – tfkempo
Conclusion: Eventually they decided the difference was control of destiny; the lower down you are in social class standing, the less opportunity and training you have to influence the events that impinge on your life, and that's what is chronically stressing and sickening you. – burntglass
The initial prospective cohort study, the Whitehall I Study, examined over 18,000 male civil servants, and was conducted over a period of ten years, beginning in 1967.
A second cohort study, the Whitehall II Study, examined the health of 10,308 civil servants aged 35 to 55, of whom two thirds were men and one third women. The response rate for Whitehall II was 73% in total, 74% for men and 71% for women. A long-term follow-up of study subjects from the first two phases is ongoing. The Whitehall cohort studies found a strong association between grade levels of civil servant employment and mortality rates from a range of causes. Whitehall I The willingness and ability to reinvent yourself. Wise Attention Open Awareness. By Jack Kornfield Meditation comes alive through a growing capacity to release our habitual entanglement in the stories and plans, conflicts and worries that make up the small sense of self, and to rest in awareness.
I think it's a good visualizing tool; John frequently poses that one of the first thoughts of the day should be "Will my mind be more like the clouds today, or the sky?" As a metaphor for solution-mind training – tfkempo
In meditation we do this simply by acknowledging the moment-to-moment changing conditions—the pleasure and pain, the praise and blame, the litany of ideas and expectations that arise.
Without identifying with them, we can rest in the awareness itself, beyond conditions, and experience what my teacher Ajahn Chah called jai pongsai, our natural lightness of heart. Developing this capacity to rest in awareness nourishes samadhi (concentration), which stabilizes and clarifies the mind, and prajna (wisdom), that sees things as they are. We can employ this awareness or wise attention from the very start.