background preloader

Psychology

Facebook Twitter

Psychology is an academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and behaviors.



Psychology has the immediate goal of understanding individuals and groups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases, and by many accounts it ultimately aims to benefit society.

In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist and can be classified as a social, behavioral, or cognitive scientist. Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the physiological and biological processes that underlie cognitive functions and behaviors.

Psychologists explore concepts such as perception, cognition, attention, emotion, intelligence, phenomenology, motivation, brain functioning, personality, behavior, and interpersonal relationships, including psychological resilience, family resilience, and other areas. Psychologists of diverse orientations also consider the unconscious mind. Psychologists employ empirical methods to infer causal and correlational relationships between psychosocial variables.



In addition, or in opposition, to employing empirical and deductive methods, some—especially clinical and counseling psychologists—at times rely upon symbolic interpretation and other inductive techniques. Psychology has been described as a "hub science", with psychological findings linking to research and perspectives from the social sciences, natural sciences, medicine, and the humanities, such as philosophy.

While psychological knowledge is often applied to the assessment and treatment of mental health problems, it is also directed towards understanding and solving problems in many different spheres of human activity. Psychology. Psychology is an academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and behaviors.[1][2] Psychology has the immediate goal of understanding individuals and groups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases,[3][4] and by many accounts it ultimately aims to benefit society.[5][6] In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist and can be classified as a social, behavioral, or cognitive scientist.

Psychology

Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the physiological and biological processes that underlie cognitive functions and behaviors. While psychological knowledge is often applied to the assessment and treatment of mental health problems, it is also directed towards understanding and solving problems in many different spheres of human activity.

Etymology History Structuralism Functionalism. Outline of psychology. Outline of psychology From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Main article: Psychology.

Outline of psychology

Etymology.

Applied psychology

Psychology branches and sub-fields. Psychology schools. History of Psychology. Mental wellness. Philosophy of mind. Experimental Psychology. Etymology of Neuroscience Terms. How to Identify a Psychopath or Sociopath. Thanks to Savvy Psychologist listener Cindy Jossart of Webster City, Iowa for the idea for this week's podcast.

How to Identify a Psychopath or Sociopath

With darkness in their hearts, ice water in their veins, and snake-charming smiles on their faces, psychopaths make up anywhere from 0.6% to 4% of the population. This personality disorder affects men more frequently than women. It’s been documented in cultures the world over. Here's a great icebreaker for your next cocktail party: the Native Alaskan peoples call psychopaths "kunlangeta. " The brain of a psychopath is different than yours or mine (unless you're a psychopath). You can’t tell superficially who is a psychopath—so let’s get to know them. Woman Realizes She’s Been Accidentally Abusing Her Husband. This is an honest, open story from a young woman about her marriage.

Woman Realizes She’s Been Accidentally Abusing Her Husband

Spotting The Sociopath In Your Midst. Thanks to Sott for this article.

Spotting The Sociopath In Your Midst

The Neuroscience Behind Stress and Learning. The realities of standardized tests and increasingly structured, if not synchronized, curriculum continue to build classroom stress levels.

The Neuroscience Behind Stress and Learning

Neuroimaging research reveals the disturbances in the brain's learning circuits and neurotransmitters that accompany stressful learning environments. The neuroscientific research about learning has revealed the negative impact of stress and anxiety and the qualitative improvement of the brain circuitry involved in memory and executive function that accompanies positive motivation and engagement. The Proven Effects of Positive Motivation Thankfully, this information has led to the development of brain-compatible strategies to help students through the bleak terrain created by some of the current trends imposed by the Common Core State Standards and similar mandates.

With brain-based teaching strategies that reduce classroom anxiety and increase student connection to their lessons, educators can help students learn more effectively. The Self Illusion: How Our Social Brain Constructs Who We Are. What the Psychology of Suicide Prevention Teaches Us About Controlling Our Everyday Worries. By Maria Popova Two surprisingly simple yet effective techniques for ameliorating anxiety.

What the Psychology of Suicide Prevention Teaches Us About Controlling Our Everyday Worries

“We must gain victory, not by assaulting the walls, but by accepting them,” wrote James Gordon Gilkey in his 1934 guide to how not to worry. “Don’t worry about popular opinion … Don’t worry about the past. Don’t worry about the future. … Don’t worry about anybody getting ahead of you,” F. Scott Fitzgerald advised his young daughter. Psychopaths: how can you spot one? But is psychopathy a disorder – or a different way of being?

Psychopaths: how can you spot one?

Anyone reading the list above will spot a few criteria familiar from people they know. On average, someone with no criminal convictions scores 5. “It’s dimensional,” says Hare. “There are people who are part-way up the scale, high enough to warrant an assessment for psychopathy, but not high enough up to cause problems. Life as a Nonviolent Psychopath - Judith Ohikuare. In 2005, James Fallon's life started to resemble the plot of a well-honed joke or big-screen thriller: A neuroscientist is working in his laboratory one day when he thinks he has stumbled upon a big mistake.

Life as a Nonviolent Psychopath - Judith Ohikuare

He is researching Alzheimer's and using his healthy family members' brain scans as a control, while simultaneously reviewing the fMRIs of murderous psychopaths for a side project. It appears, though, that one of the killers' scans has been shuffled into the wrong batch. The scans are anonymously labeled, so the researcher has a technician break the code to identify the individual in his family, and place his or her scan in its proper place. When he sees the results, however, Fallon immediately orders the technician to double check the code. But no mistake has been made: The brain scan that mirrors those of the psychopaths is his own.

Neuroscience. Thinking. Conscious Learning. Neuroacoustics: The Healing Power of Sound. List of unsolved problems in neuroscience. Some of the yet unsolved problems of neuroscience include: References[edit] External links[edit]

List of unsolved problems in neuroscience

Soul. Neuroplasticity - How Exercising the Brain Helps it to Grow and Repair. Neuroplasticity - How Exercising the Brain Helps it to Grow and Repair Prior to 20 or so years ago the brain was thought to be rigid in many respects. The saying “you can’t teach an old dog new tricks” is an example of this thinking. Our folk-wisdom saying perhaps now should be “use it or lose it”