List of Sri Lankan monarchs. The following is a list of Sri Lankan monarchs since 543 BC. The main source for many of these monarchs are the chronicles of the island maintained by monks, known as the Dipavamsa, Mahavamsa, Chulavamsa and the Rajaveliya.
This list should be used with the following factors kept in mind. Firstly, the dates provided for the earliest monarchs are difficult to objectively verify; those particularly difficult to know have been denoted with a (?) Mark. Politics of Sri Lanka. Politics of Sri Lanka. Government in Sri Lanka. Elections in Sri Lanka. Elections in Sri Lanka gives information on election and election results in Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a six-year term by the people. The Parliament has 225 members, elected for a six-year term, 196 members elected in multi-seat constituencies through proportional representation system where each party is allocated a number of seats from the quota for each district according to the proportion of the total vote that party obtains in the district.
The other 29 which is called the national list are appointed by each party secretary according to the island wide proportional vote the party obtains. Sri Lanka has a multi party system, with two dominant political parties,and with extreme difficulty for anybody to achieve electoral success under the banner of any other party. Latest elections 2010 Presidential election 2010 Parliamentary election See also Constitution of Sri Lanka. The Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka has been the constitution of the island nation of Sri Lanka since its original promulgation by the National State Assembly on 7 September 1978.
It is Sri Lanka's second republican constitution, and its third constitution since the country's independence (as Ceylon) in 1948. As of September 2010[update] it has been formally amended 18 times. History of the Constitution When the United National Party (UNP) came to power in July 1977 with a five-sixths majority, the second amendment to the 1972 Constitution was passed on 4 October 1977 to establish an executive presidency, with J. R. The new Constitution, promulgated on 7 September 1978, provided for a unicameral parliament and an Executive President. The Constitution provided for an independent judiciary and guaranteed fundamental rights, providing for any aggrieved person to invoke the Supreme Court for any violation of his or her fundamental rights. Provinces of Sri Lanka. Provinces of Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka, provinces (Sinhala: පළාත, Tamil: மாகாணம்) are the first level administrative division.
List of cities in Sri Lanka. List of towns in Sri Lanka. Divisional Secretariats of Sri Lanka. The districts of the Sri Lanka are divided into administrative sub-units known as divisional secretariats.
These were originally based on the feudal counties, the korales and ratas. They were formerly known as 'D.R.O. Divisions' after the 'Divisional Revenue Officer'. Later the D.R.O.s became 'Assistant Government Agents' and the Divisions were known as 'A.G.A. Divisions'. The divisions are listed below, by district: Central Province Districts of Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka, districts (Sinhala: දිස්ත්රික්ක, Tamil: மாவட்டம்) are the second-level administrative divisions, and are included in a province.
There are 25 districts organized into 9 provinces. Each district is administered under a District Secretary, who is appointed by the central government. The main tasks of the District Secretariat involve coordinating communications and activities of the central government and Divisional Secretariats. Districts and local authorities. Foreign relations and the Military. Foreign relations of Sri Lanka. Foreign relations of Sri Lanka refers to the diplomatic and commercial relations between Sri Lanka and other countries.
Sri Lanka has stressed its principle of friendship towards all, enmity towards none in its diplomacy. Sri Lanka traditionally follows a Non-Aligned Foreign Policy and does not take sides with major powers. Since the end of the Cold War, the country has pursued better relations with all major powers and seeks to strengthen its diplomatic, economic and military ties with India, Bangladesh, Russia, United States, China, Pakistan, Japan, Malaysia, South Korea and European Union. Sri Lanka Armed Forces. History Sri Lanka has a long military history going back to more than 2000 years.
The roots of the modern Sri Lankan military lead back to the colonial era when the Portuguese, Dutch and British established local militias to support their wars against the local Kingdoms. The British created the Ceylon Rifle Regiment during the Kandyan wars, although it had natives in its ranks majority of it was made up of Malays. It was disbanded 1873. Following establishment of the Dominion of Ceylon with Britain granting independence in 1948, work began to establish a regular military. The growth for the Ceylon Armed Forces were slow due to lack of foreign threat, since Ceylon maintained cordial relations with its neighbor India and had a defence treaty with Britain. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an economic and geopolitical cooperation among eight member nations that are primarily located in South Asia continent. Its secretariat is headquartered in Kathmandu, Nepal.
Non-Aligned Movement. The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states which are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
As of 2012[update], the movement has 120 members and 17 observer countries. The organization was founded in Belgrade in 1961, and was largely conceived by India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru; Indonesia's first president, Sukarno; Egypt's second president, Gamal Abdel Nasser; Ghana's first president Kwame Nkrumah; and Yugoslavia's president, Josip Broz Tito. All five leaders were prominent advocates of a middle course for states in the Developing World between the Western and Eastern blocs in the Cold War. The phrase itself was first used to represent the doctrine by Indian diplomat V. K. Members have at times included the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Argentina, Namibia, Cyprus, and Malta. The 16th NAM summit took place in Tehran, Iran, from 26 to 31 August 2012.