Government and politics. Politics of Nigeria. Nigeria is a Federal Republic modeled after the United States, with executive power exercised by the president.
Federal Ministries of Nigeria. The Federal Ministries of Nigeria are Civil Service departments that are responsible for delivering various types of government service.
Each ministry is headed by a Permanent Secretary who reports to a Minister in the Federal Cabinet. Some government functions are provided by Commissions or parastatals (government-owned corporations) that may be associated with a ministry or may be independent, also headed by Permanent Secretaries. Ministries At times, ministries are amalgamated and at other times they are split.
Commissions Law of Nigeria. There are four distinct systems of law in Nigeria: English law which is derived from its colonial past with Britain;Common law, a development of its post colonial independence;Customary law which is derived from indigenous traditional norms and practice, including the dispute resolution meetings of pre-colonial Yorubaland secret societies and the Èkpè and Okónkò of Igboland and Ibibioland;Sharia law, used only in the predominantly Muslim north of the country.
It is an Islamic legal system which had been used long before the colonial administration in Nigeria but recently politicised and spearheaded in Zamfara in late 1999 and eleven other states followed suit. Law. Foreign relations of Nigeria. Nigeria and the liberation of Africa Upon gaining independence, Nigeria quickly committed itself to opposition to white minority governments.
Nigeria backed the African National Congress (ANC) by taking a committed tough line with regard to the South African government and their military actions in southern Africa. Nigeria was also a founding member of the Organisation for African Unity (now the African Union), and has tremendous influence in West Africa and Africa on the whole. Nigeria has additionally founded regional cooperative efforts in West Africa, functioning as standard-bearer for the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and ECOMOG, economic and military organisations respectively.
Foreign relations. Nigerian Armed Forces. Military. Subdivisions. List of cities in Nigeria. List of cities in Nigeria From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Map of Nigeria Lagos, Lagos State, most populous city by census 2006 Kano, Kano State, second most populous city by census 2006 Port Harcourt City Center, Rivers State, third most populous Ibadan, Oyo State, fourth most populous.
States of Nigeria. Nigeria is divided into 36 states and Abuja, the federal capital territory.
The states are further divided into 774 Local Government Areas. Current states and the Federal Capital Territory.  Former state boundaries The Federal Capital Territory (now called Abuja) was established in 1991. 1991-1996 During this period, there were 30 states and Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory. Chronology Local government areas of Nigeria. Local government areas of Nigeria Nigeria has 774 local government areas (LGAs).
Each local government area is administered by a Local Government Council consisting of a chairman who is the Chief Executive of the LGA, and other elected members who are referred to as Councillors. Human rights in Nigeria. Nigeria's human rights record remains poor and government officials at all levels continue to commit serious abuses.
Human rights in Nigeria are protected under the most current constitution of 1999. Nigeria has made serious improvements in human rights under this constitution though the Human Rights Report of 2012 notes areas where significant improvement is needed.  This report discusses abuses by Boko Haram, killings by governmental forces, lack of social equality, and issues with freedom of speech. History since independence In the period between its independence in 1960 to 1998, Nigeria had, in terms of heads of State, two elected, one appointed, one military successor and 7 coups d'etat powers.
In 1979, they moved to a presidential system in order to properly instate the right of choosing who rules them with a new constitution. Human rights. Strife and sectarian violence. Conflict in the Niger Delta. The current conflict in the Niger Delta arose in the early 1990s over tensions between the foreign oil corporations and a number of the Niger Delta's minority ethnic groups who felt they were being exploited, particularly the Ogoni and the Ijaw.
Ethnic and political unrest has continued throughout the 1990s and persists as of 2013 despite the conversion to democracy and the election of the Obasanjo government in 1999. Competition for oil wealth has fueled violence between many ethnic groups, causing the militarization of nearly the entire region by ethnic militia groups as well as Nigerian military and police forces (notably the Nigerian Mobile Police). Background Nigeria, after nearly four decades of oil production, had by the early 1980s become almost completely dependent on petroleum extraction economically, generating 25% of its GDPC (this has since risen to 60% as of 2008).
Ogoniland Military repression escalated in May 1994. Ijaw unrest Nigerian oil crisis Islamist insurgency in Nigeria. The Islamist insurgency in Nigeria, also known as the Sharia Conflict in Nigeria, began in 1999 with the establishment of sharia law in several Muslim-majority states in Nothern Nigeria, despite the secular Constitution of Nigeria and the disagreeing Christian minority.
From 2000 onwards, occasional riots between Christians and Muslims have resulted in thousands of deaths. Since 2009, when the Islamist group Boko Haram started an armed rebellion against the secular government of Nigeria, the conflict has spiraled into its most violent phase, resulting in 3,600 deaths within less than three years. According to a Nigerian study on demographics and religion, Muslims make up 50.5% of the population.