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Politics of Iran

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Provinces of Iran. Modern history[edit] According to Encyclopædia Britannica,[2] in 1908 there were thirty five administrative divisions in Persia, as follows: Provinces: 1.

Provinces of Iran

Arabistan and Bakhtiari, 2. Astarabad and Gurgan, 3. Azerbaijan, 4. Until 1950, Iran was divided into twelve provinces: Ardalan, Azerbaijan, Baluchestan, Fars, Gilan, Araq-e Ajam, Khorasan, Khuzestan, Kerman, Larestan, Lorestan, and Mazandaran.[3] In 1950, Iran was reorganized to form ten numbered provinces with subordinate governorates: Gilan; Mazandaran; East Azerbaijan; West Azerbaijan; Kermanshah; Khuzestan; Fars; Kerman; Khorasan; Isfahan.[3] From 1960 to 1981 the governorates were raised to provincial status one by one. Provinces and cities of Iran. Counties of Iran. Counties of Iran (lines) The counties of Iran, also called shahrestan (Persian: شهرستان shahrestān‎), are administrative divisions of larger provinces (ostan).

Counties of Iran

The word Shahrestan comes from the Persian words shahr and stan, meaning city (or town) and province (or state) respectively. County, therefore, is a near equivalent of Shahrestan in English. Iranian counties are divided into one or more bakhsh (Persian: بخش bakhsh‎), or districts. A typical county includes both cities (Persian: شهر shahr‎) and rural agglomerations (Persian: دهستان dehestān‎), which are groupings of adjacent villages. Each county has a governmental office known as Farmandari which coordinates different events and governmental agencies.

Guide[edit] List of Iranian cities by population. Iranian population density map (based on data from the 1996 census).

List of Iranian cities by population

Iran has one of the highest urban population growth rates in the world. From 1950 to 2002, the urban proportion of the population increased from 27% to 60%.[1] The United Nations predicts that by 2030 80% of the population will live in urban areas.[2] Most internal migrants have settled near the cities of Tehran, Isfahan, Ahvaz, and Qom. Tehran, with a population of 8.2 million (2012 census), is the largest city in Iran and is the nation's capital. Tehran is home to around 11% of Iran's population. It is the hub of the country's communication and transport networks.[3] Mashhad, with a population of 2.4 million, is the second largest Iranian city and the centre of the province of Razavi Khorasan.

Another major Iranian city is Isfahan (population 1.5 million), which is the capital of Isfahan Province. Politics of Iran. The politics of Iran take place in a framework of theocracy in a format of Syncretic politics that is guided by an Islamist ideology.

Politics of Iran

The December 1979 constitution, and its 1989 amendment, define the political, economic, and social order of the Islamic Republic of Iran, declaring that Shi'a Islam of the Twelver school of thought is Iran's official religion. Iran has an elected president, parliament (or Majlis), and an "Assembly of Experts" (which elects the Supreme Leader of Iran), and local councils. According to the constitution all candidates running for these positions must be vetted by the Guardian Council (with the exception of those running for "Assembly of Experts") before being elected.

In addition there are nontransparent unelected organizations (usually under Supreme Leader's control) trying to "protect the state's Islamic character".[1] Political conditions[edit] File:Iran gov power structure.svg. Cancel Edit Delete Preview revert Text of the note (may include Wiki markup) Could not save your note (edit conflict or other problem).

File:Iran gov power structure.svg

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Politics of Iran. Law in Iran. Judicial system of Iran. A nationwide judicial system in Iran was first implemented and established by Abdolhossein Teymourtash under Reza Shah, with further changes during the second Pahlavi era.

Judicial system of Iran

History[edit] Islam[edit] Foreign relations of Iran. Foreign relations of Iran refers to inter-governmental relationships between Iran and other countries.

Foreign relations of Iran

Geography is very significant factor in informing Iran's foreign policy.[1] Following the 1979 Iranian Revolution, the newly born Islamic Republic, under the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini, dramatically reversed the pro-American foreign policy of the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Since then the country's policies have oscillated between the two opposing tendencies of revolutionary ardour, which would eliminate Western and non-Muslim influences while promoting the Islamic revolution abroad, and pragmatism, which would advance economic development and normalization of relations. Iran's bilateral dealings are accordingly sometimes confused and contradictory.

Iran currently maintains full diplomatic relations with 99 countries worldwide.[2] Foreign relations in Iran.

Armed forces of Iran