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Politics of Egypt

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Politics of Egypt. The politics of Egypt is based on republicanism, with a semi-presidential system of government.

Politics of Egypt

Following the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, and the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak, executive power was assumed by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, which dissolved the parliament and suspended the constitution. In 2013, a coup d'état resulted in the selection of Adly Mansour as Egypt's sixth President. Presidency[edit] Under the new regulations of the March 2011 referendum, the president is limited to two four-year terms, with the Judiciary supervising the elections. The president is required to appoint a deputy, and a commission will draft a new constitution following the parliamentary election. Following the convening of the newly elected People’s Assembly and Maglis al-Shura in March 2012, a committee was to draft a new constitution to replace the pre-revolutionary one, followed by presidential elections.

Politics of Egypt. Egyptian law. Law in Egypt. Egyptian Armed Forces. The Egyptian Armed Forces are the largest in Africa, and the Middle East.

Egyptian Armed Forces

In 2014, it is ranked the 13th most powerful in the world,[3] consisting of the Egyptian Army, Egyptian Navy, Egyptian Air Force and Egyptian Air Defense Command. Overview[edit] The Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, the senior uniformed officer, is currently Colonel General Sedki Sobhi and the Chief of Staff is currently Lieutenant General Mahmoud Hegazy. The Armed Forces' inventory includes equipment from different countries around the world. Equipment from the former Soviet Union is being progressively replaced by more modern U.S., French, and British equipment, a significant portion of which is built under license in Egypt, such as the M1 Abrams tank. Armed forces in Egypt. Human rights in Egypt. The state of human rights in Egypt remains poor due to repressive government policies and brutal government crackdowns.

Human rights in Egypt

[citation needed] Rights and liberties ratings[edit] Freedom House, the "independent watchdog organization that supports the expansion of freedom around the world," rated Egypt "not free" in 2011. It gave Egypt a "Political Rights Score" of 6 and "Civil Liberties Score" of 5 a scale of 1-7, with 1 representing the highest level of freedom and 7 representing the lowest level of freedom.[1] (Freedom House’s office was among the offices of NGOs in Cairo raided by Egyptian security forces 29 December 2011 for "violation of Egyptian laws including not having permits. In 2000 the related Center for Religious Freedom placed Egypt as partly free at 5; this put them in line with Muslim nations like Turkey and Indonesia.[4] Reporters Without Borders placed Egypt between Bhutan and the Côte d'Ivoire in press freedom.

Sudanese refugees in Egypt. There are tens of thousands of Sudanese refugees in Egypt, most of them seeking refuge from ongoing military conflicts in their home country of Sudan.

Sudanese refugees in Egypt

Their official status as refugees is highly disputed, and they have been subject to racial discrimination and police violence. They live among a much larger population of Sudanese migrants in Egypt, more than two million people of Sudanese nationality (by most estimates; a full range is 750,000 to 4 million (FMRS 2006:5) who live in Egypt. The U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants believes many more of these migrants are in fact refugees, but see little benefit in seeking recognition.

Egypt employs a "shoot to stop" policy against refugees attempting to continue to Israel. Human rights in Egypt. Foreign relations of Egypt. Egypt's foreign policy operates along a non-aligned level.

Foreign relations of Egypt

Factors such as population size, historical events, military strength, diplomatic expertise and a strategic geographical position give Egypt extensive political influence in the Middle East, Africa, and within the Non-Aligned Movement as a whole. Cairo has been a crossroads of Arab commerce and culture for millennia, and its intellectual and Islamic institutions are at the center of the region's social and cultural landmark palace. Middle East and North Africa[edit] Arab relations[edit] The Arab League headquarters is in Cairo, and the Secretary General of the League is traditionally an Egyptian. Egypt is on good terms with Libya, its western neighbor. Egypt has fairly good relations with Sudan, its southern neighbor, although it has a land dispute with Sudan over the Hala'ib Triangle, a small area of land on the Egypt-Sudan border on the Red Sea coast.

Foreign relations in Egypt. Regions of Egypt. The governorates of Egypt are divided into 232 regions.

Regions of Egypt

Local government traditionally enjoyed limited power in Egypt's highly centralized state. Under the central government, there were twenty nine governorates. These were subdivided into regions (conglomeration of villages; named in Arabic: مركز‎ markaz "center", plural: مراكز marākiz), each of which was further subdivided into towns or villages. At each level, there was a governing structure that combined representative councils and government-appointed executive organs headed by governors, district officers, and mayors, respectively. Governors were appointed by the president, and they, in turn, appointed subordinate executive officers. State penetration did not retreat under Sadat and Mubarak. Sadat took several measures to decentralize power to the provinces and towns.

References[edit] See also[edit] External links[edit] Governorates of Egypt. Egypt is divided for administrative purposes into 27 governorates (محافظة muḥāfaẓah Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [moˈħɑfzˤɑ]; genitive case: muḥāfaẓat [moˈħɑfzˤet]; plural محافظات muḥāfaẓāt [moħɑfˈzˤɑːt]).

Governorates of Egypt

Egyptian governorates are the top tier of the country's five-tier jurisdiction hierarchy. A governorate is administered by a governor, who is appointed by the President of Egypt and serves at the president's discretion. Most governorates have a population density of more than one thousand per km², while the 3 largest have a population density of less than two per km². File:Egypt, administrative divisions - Nmbrs - colored.svg. Cancel Edit Delete Preview revert Text of the note (may include Wiki markup) Could not save your note (edit conflict or other problem).

File:Egypt, administrative divisions - Nmbrs - colored.svg

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