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Other educational forms

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Educational technology. Educational technology is the effective use of technological tools in learning.

Educational technology

As a concept, it concerns an array of tools, such as media, machines and networking hardware, as well as considering theoretical perspectives for their effective application.[1][2] Open education. Open education is a collective term[1] to describe institutional practices and programmatic initiatives that broaden access to the learning and training traditionally offered through formal education systems.

Open education

The qualifier "open" of open education refers to the elimination of barriers that can preclude both opportunities and recognition for participation in institution-based learning. One aspect of openness in or "opening up" education is the development and adoption of open educational resources. Institutional practices that seek to eliminate barriers to entry, for example, would not have academic admission requirements.

Such universities include The Open University in Britain and Athabasca University in Canada. Informal learning. Lao villagers assemble jigsaw maps of Southeast Asia.

Informal learning

These maps were made by Big Brother Mouse, a literacy project in Laos. It was the first time any of them had seen a jigsaw puzzle of any sort. Informal learning is, by default, any learning that is not formal learning or non-formal learning. Informal learning is organized differently than formal and non-formal learning because it has no set objective in terms of learning outcomes and is never intentional from the learner’s standpoint. Often it is referred to as learning by experience or just as experience. The term is often conflated, however, with non-formal learning, and self-directed learning. Characterizations[edit] Open House Day at ESO’s Headquarters.[2] Informal learning can be characterized as follows: History[edit] Other perspectives on informal learning[edit] Merriam and others (2007) state: "Informal learning, Schugurensky (2000) suggests, has its own internal forms that are important to distinguish in studying the phenomenon.

Indigenous education. Indigenous education specifically focuses on teaching indigenous knowledge, models, methods, and content within formal or non-formal educational systems.

Indigenous education

The growing recognition and use of indigenous education methods can be a response to the erosion and loss of indigenous knowledge through the processes of colonialism, globalization, and modernity.[1] Indigenous communities are able to “reclaim and revalue their languages and [traditions], and in so doing, improve the educational success of indigenous students,” thus ensuring their survival as a culture.[1] Principal Sha (also 6th grade teacher) of the Yangjuan Primary School in Yanyuan County, Sichuan looks over his student's essays about the schoolyard.

Increasingly, there has been a global shift toward recognizing and understanding indigenous models of education as a viable and legitimate form of education. There are many different educational systems throughout the world, some that are more predominant and widely accepted. Autodidacticism. "Self-taught" redirects here.


For the hip hop group, see Self Taught. Autodidacticism (also autodidactism) or self-education is the act of learning about a subject or subjects in which one has had little to no formal education. Many notable contributions have been made by autodidacts. Self-directed learning is an unrelated concept. [1] Etymology[edit] The term has its roots in the Ancient Greek words αὐτός (autós, or "self") and διδακτικός (didaktikos, meaning "teaching"). Modern education[edit] Autodidacticism is sometimes a complement of modern education.[2] As a complement to education, students would be encouraged to do more independent work.[3] While Leonardo da Vinci was an autodidact, the Industrial Revolution created a new situation for self-directed learners.

Before the 20th century, only a small minority of people received an advanced academic education. Collegiate teaching was based on the classics (Latin, philosophy, ancient history, theology) until the early 19th century. Dr. Alternative education. Alternative education, also known as non-traditional education or educational alternative, includes a number of approaches to teaching and learning separate from that offered by mainstream or traditional education.

Alternative education

Educational alternatives are rooted in a number of philosophies differing from those of mainstream education. Although some alternatives have political, scholarly or philosophical orientations, others were begun by informal associations of teachers and students dissatisfied with some aspects of mainstream education. Educational alternatives (which include charter, alternative and independent schools and home-based learning) vary, but usually emphasize small class sizes, close relationships between students and teachers and a sense of community.

Terminology[edit] Alternative education refers to education which does not conform to a conventional standard. Origins[edit] Alternative education presupposes a tradition to which the "alternative" is opposed. In the United States[edit]