In 1850, George Windsor Earl, an English ethnologist, proposed the terms Indunesians — and, his preference, Malayunesians — for the inhabitants of the "Indian Archipelago or Malayan Archipelago". In the same publication, a student of Earl's, James Richardson Logan, used Indonesia as a synonym for Indian Archipelago. However, Dutch academics writing in East Indies publications were reluctant to use Indonesia. Instead, they used the terms Malay Archipelago (Maleische Archipel); the Netherlands East Indies (Nederlandsch Oost Indië), popularly Indië; the East (de Oost); and Insulinde.
After 1900, the name Indonesia became more common in academic circles outside the Netherlands, and Indonesian nationalist groups adopted it for political expression. Adolf Bastian, of the University of Berlin, popularised the name through his book Indonesien oder die Inseln des Malayischen Archipels, 1884–1894. The first Indonesian scholar to use the name was Suwardi Suryaningrat (Ki Hajar Dewantara), when he established a press bureau in the Netherlands with the name Indonesisch Pers-bureau in 1913.
Indonesia is the common and official name to refer the Republic of Indonesia or Indonesian archipelago; however, other names, such as Nusantara and East Indies are also known. Some of these names are considered obsolete and confined only on certain period of history, while some might be more geographically specific or general.
Names of Indonesia. This article is about the name of the country or the archipelago.
For peoples' names, see Indonesian name. The region that today identified as Indonesia was also referred in different names, such as "East Indies" in this 1855 map. Indonesia is the common and official name to refer the Republic of Indonesia or Indonesian archipelago; however, other names, such as Nusantara and East Indies are also known. Some of these names are considered obsolete and confined only on certain period of history, while some might be more geographically specific or general.
History On identifying geographical names of their lands, the Indonesian natives seldom transcend their traditional boundaries, which is relatively small confined in their tribal environs. History. Yawadvipa. Suvarnabhumi. This article is about the ancient toponym.
For the Bangkok airport, see Suvarnabhumi Airport. For the present-day district and former historical kingdom in Northeast Thailand, see Suwannaphum District. Iabaiu.
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Jawi. Nanyang. East Indies. Insulindia. Insulindia is a somewhat archaic geographical term for Maritime Southeast Asia, equivalent in usage to Australasia and Indochina, and encompassing the entire area situated between the two. More common in Portuguese and Spanish, it is also sometimes used in art history or anthropology to describe the interface zone between the cultures Oceania and Southeast Asia. See also References Jump up ^ T.
Barbour. Reptiles in the East and West Indies- and Some Digression. External links Art of Island Southeast Asia, a full text exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Indonesia. Nusantara. Nusantara today is an Indonesian term for the Indonesian archipelago. It originated in Old Javanese and literally means "archipelago". In Malay, Nusantara means the Malay world.
The word Nusantara was taken from an oath by Gajah Mada in 1336, as written in the Old Javanese Pararaton and Nagarakretagama. Gajah Mada was a powerful military leader and prime minister of Majapahit who was credited with bringing the empire to its peak of glory. Gajah Mada delivered an oath called Sumpah Palapa, in which he vowed not to eat any food containing spices until he had conquered all of Nusantara under the glory of Majapahit. Ancient concepts of Nusantara Etymology Nusantara is a Javanese word which appears in the Pararaton manuscript. Negara Agung, or the Grand State, the core kingdom. Poetic literature.