background preloader

Islam

Facebook Twitter

Islam and other religions. Over the centuries of Islamic history, Muslim rulers, Islamic scholars, and ordinary Muslims have held many different attitudes towards other religions.

Islam and other religions

Attitudes have varied according to time, place and circumstance. Non-Muslims and Islam[edit] "The main advantage of the dhimmis over Muslims was the guarantee of their protection without the responsibility to actively engage in that protection themselves. "[1] Christianity and Islam. The Achtiname of Muhammad, also known as the Covenant or (Holy) Testament (Testamentum) of Muhammad, is a medieval document which purports to be a charter or writ ratified by Muhammad granting protection and other privileges to the monks of Saint Catherine's Monastery on Mount Sinai.

Christianity and Islam

It is sealed with an imprint representing Muhammad's hand.[1] Christianity and Islam share a historical and traditional connection, with some stark theological differences. The two faiths share a common origin in the Middle East and are Abrahamic religions. Hindu–Islamic relations. Hindu – Islamic relations began when Islamic influence first came to be found in the Indian subcontinent during the early 7th century.

Hindu–Islamic relations

Hinduism and Islam are two of the world’s largest religions. Hinduism is the socio-religious way of life of the Hindu people of the Indian subcontinent, their diaspora, and some other regions which had Hindu influence in the ancient and medieval times. Islam is a strictly monotheistic religion in which the supreme deity is Allah (Arabic: الله‎ "the God": see God in Islam), the last Islamic prophet being Muhammad, whom Muslims believe delivered the Islamic scripture, the Qur'an. Hinduism mostly shares common terms with the dhārmic religions, including Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. Islam shares common terms with the Abrahamic religions–those religions claiming descent from Abraham–being, from oldest to youngest, Judaism, Christianity, Islam.

Islam and Jainism. Islam and Jainism came in close contact with each other following the Islamic conquest from Central Asia and Persia in the seventh to the twelfth centuries, when much of north and central India came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate, and later the Mughal Empire.

Islam and Jainism

The Miyana Rajputs, many of whom were Jains (as per their last name) adopted Islam at the time of Alauddin Khilji.[1] Muslim conquerors and Jain institutions[edit] The first mosque built in Delhi, the "Quwwat al-Islam" (near Qutb Minar) was built after the Jain temples built previously under the Tomara dynasty were forcefully converted into Mosques by the Muslim Sultanate.[2] 27 Jain temples were demolished to build this mosque whose name translates to "might of Islam".

The remains of the temple were used for to provide the building material for the mosque.[3] Similarly the Jami Masjid at Khambhat was built on ruins of Jain temples.[4] Muslims also destroyed many Jain holy sites during their rule in western India. Islamic–Jewish relations. Ahmadiyya–Jewish relations. The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is an Islamic sect that was founded by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in the late 19th century.

Ahmadiyya–Jewish relations

Judaism is another Abrahamic religious group. Ahmadis and Jews have not interacted much in the history. Religious figures[edit] Abraham[edit] Both Ahmadis and Jews believe him as a prophet of God and show respect for him. Jesus[edit] Ahmadis believe Jesus Christ was the true Jewish messiah who had been prophesied by the earlier prophets. Muhammad[edit] Ahmadis consider Muhammad as the greatest prophet. Messiah[edit] Ahmadis believes Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as the Messiah for whom all of the world is waiting. Historical interaction[edit] During the time period of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Ahmadis and Jews have not interacted directly. Religious acceptance of Israel[edit] Islam and Sikhism. Islam is an Abrahamic religion and Sikhism is a Dharmic religion.

Islam and Sikhism

Unlike the same Abrahmic Monotheism of Islam, Panentheism i.e. one creator (Ik Onkar) pervading the whole of creation and beyond, describes Sikh theology ecisely. The Islamic belief revolves around Tawheed, that is the Oneness of God, and belief in a chain of prophets including Adam, Noah, Moses, Abraham, Israelite prophets, Jesus and Muhammad. In Islam, it is believed these prophets were sent to their own people (with the exception of Muhammad who in Islam is believed to be sent to all of mankind) to preach the same message, that God should be worshipped as One and none should be worshipped, invoked to nor supplicated to other than the Creator.

Sikhism, on the other hand, is attributed to Guru Nanak. Mormonism and Islam. Overview[edit] Both Islam and Mormonism believe that the Christian religion as originally established by Jesus was a true religion, but that Christianity subsequently became deformed to the point that it was beyond simple reformation.

Mormonism and Islam

Hence, each religion sees its founder (Muhammad for Islam, and Joseph Smith for Mormonism) as being a true prophet of God, called to re-establish the true faith. However, each religion differs in regard to how it views Jesus: Mormonism sees him as the promised Messiah and the Son of God. Islam agrees that Jesus (whom the Qur'an calls "Isa") was the Messiah, but insists that he was only a mortal man, not the Son of God or a divine being.