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Germany 1945-1990

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As a consequence of the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945 and the onset of the Cold War in 1947, the country was split between the two global blocs in the East and West, a period known as the division of Germany.

Millions of refugees from Central and Eastern Europe moved west, most of them to West Germany. Two states emerged: West Germany was a parliamentary democracy, a NATO member, a founding member of what since became the European Union and one of the world's largest economies, while East Germany was a totalitarian Communist dictatorship that was a satellite of Moscow. With the collapse of Communism in 1989, reunion on West Germany's terms followed.

No one doubted Germany's economic and engineering prowess; the question was how long bitter memories of the war would cause Europeans to distrust Germany, and whether Germany could demonstrate it had rejected totalitarianism and militarism and embraced democracy and human rights. History of Germany (1945–90. File:Germanborders.svg. Cancel Edit Delete Preview revert Text of the note (may include Wiki markup) Could not save your note (edit conflict or other problem).


Please copy the text in the edit box below and insert it manually by editing this page. Upon submitting the note will be published multi-licensed under the terms of the CC-BY-SA-3.0 license and of the GFDL, versions 1.2, 1.3, or any later version. See our terms of use for more details. Add a note Draw a rectangle onto the image above (press the left mouse button, then drag and release). Save To modify annotations, your browser needs to have the XMLHttpRequest object. [[MediaWiki talk:Gadget-ImageAnnotator.js|Adding image note]]$1 [[MediaWiki talk:Gadget-ImageAnnotator.js|Changing image note]]$1 [[MediaWiki talk:Gadget-ImageAnnotator.js|Removing image note]]$1.

Post-war chaos. File:Map-Germany-1945.svg. Licensing:[edit] Original upload log[edit] The original description page is/was here.


All following user names refer to en.wikipedia. 2008-03-17 19:50 52 Pickup 3492×2966× (760290 bytes) Changes to fill and border colours. Made differences clearer between occupation zones and eventual territorial losses.2007-08-31 14:57 52 Pickup 3492×2966× (755561 bytes) New version: regions placed under Polish and Soviet administration now presented slightly differently (borders instead of colour fill), Saar colour now only slightly different to French zone (still needs some work)2007-08-10 09:50 52 Pickup 3492×2966× (751829 bytes) oops, now with fixed image size2007-08-10 09:47 52 Pickup 744×1052× (751774 bytes) {{Information| |Description= Germany in the aftermath of World War II: 1 September 1945 |Source= Based on map data of the IEG-Maps project (Andreas Kunz, B. Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

East Germany. East Germany. The German Democratic Republic (GDR; German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik [ˈdɔʏtʃə demoˈkʀaːtɪʃə ʀepuˈbliːk] or DDR), colloquially known in English as East Germany, was a state within the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.

East Germany

From 1949 to 1990, it administered the region of Germany which was occupied by Soviet forces at the end of the Second World War—the Soviet Occupation Zone of the Potsdam Agreement, bounded on the east by the Oder-Neisse line. The Soviet zone surrounded West Berlin, but did not include it; as a result, West Berlin remained outside the control of the GDR. The German Democratic Republic was established in the Soviet Zone, while the Federal Republic was established in the three western zones. The East was often described as a satellite state of the Soviet Union.[3] Soviet occupation authorities began transferring administrative responsibility to German communist leaders in 1948, and the GDR began to function as a state on 7 October 1949. Naming conventions[edit] History of East Germany. The flag of the German Democratic Republic, 1959–90 The German Democratic Republic (GDR), German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), often known in English as East Germany, existed from 1949 to 1990.

History of East Germany

It covered the area of the present-day German states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Berlin (excluding West Berlin), Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, and Thüringen. Creation, 1945-1949[edit] East and West Germany.

West Germany

Reunification. German reunification. This article is about the 1990 German reunification.

German reunification

German reunification and the EU. Helmut Kohl. Flight and expulsion of Germans (1944–50. Millions of German Reichsdeutsche (German citizens) and millions of ethnic German Volksdeutsche (citizens of other European states) were forced to migrate to Germany during the later stages of World War II and the post-war period.

Flight and expulsion of Germans (1944–50

The areas of expulsion included former eastern territories of Germany which were transferred to Poland and the Soviet Union after the war, as well as areas annexed or occupied by Nazi Germany in pre-war Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, northern Yugoslavia and other states of Central and Eastern Europe. By 1950, a total of at least 12 million Germans had fled or been expelled from east-central Europe into the areas which would become post-war Germany and Allied-occupied Austria.

Some sources put the total at 14 million, including migrants to Germany after 1950 and the children born to the expellees.