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Engineering sciences

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Applied physics. Applied physics is physics which is intended for a particular technological or practical use.[1] It is usually considered as a bridge or a connection between "pure" physics and engineering.[2]

Applied physics

Applied mathematics. Applied mathematics is a branch of mathematics that deals with mathematical methods that find use in science, engineering, business, computer science, and industry.

Applied mathematics

Thus, "applied mathematics" is a mathematical science with specialized knowledge. The term "applied mathematics" also describes the professional specialty in which mathematicians work on practical problems by formulating and studying mathematical models. Engineering. Applied engineering (field) Applied engineering is the field concerned with the application of management, design, and technical skills for the design and integration of systems, the execution of new product designs, the improvement of manufacturing processes, and the management and direction of physical and/or technical functions of a firm or organization.

Applied engineering (field)

Biomechanics. Page of one of the first works of Biomechanics (De Motu Animalium of Giovanni Alfonso Borelli) Word history[edit] The word "biomechanics" (1899) and the related "biomechanical" (1856) were coined by Nikolai Bernstein[citation needed] from the Ancient Greek βίος bios "life" and μηχανική, mēchanikē "mechanics", to refer to the study of the mechanical principles of living organisms, particularly their movement and structure.[3] Method[edit] Usually biological systems are much more complex than man-built systems.


Numerical methods are hence applied in almost every biomechanical study. Subfields[edit] Applied subfields of biomechanics include: Sports biomechanics[edit] In sports biomechanics, the laws of mechanics are applied to human movement in order to gain a greater understanding of athletic performance and to reduce sport injuries as well. Continuum biomechanics[edit] Biomaterials are classified in two groups, hard and soft tissues. Biofluid mechanics[edit] 9 Houses Built Just for Spite. Your town probably has an architectural oddity or two, a building that locals point out to visitors.

In many cases, these are spite houses—constructed to make someone mad. Sometimes they block a neighboring house's view. Sometimes they're built especially to thwart city planners or challenge city ordinances. In many cases, they're an odd shape, or are built on a very small lot. Sometimes the houses are already in existence, and are altered to get revenge, like the Australia homeowner who painted his house pink and added a pig snout and a tail to protest a denied building permit. 1. This house is 7 feet wide, built in 1830 by the cranky owner of one of the buildings next door because he wanted to keep people from using the alley next to his house. 2.

This 1814 mansion was built hastily by a local doctor who wanted to prevent the town from building a road through his property. 3. How far would you go to annoy someone, even if they really deserved it? 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Energy technology. The Sun provides significant solar energy for the Earth Energy technology is an interdisciplinary engineering science having to do with the efficient, safe, environmentally friendly and economical extraction, conversion, transportation, storage and use of energy, targeted towards yielding high efficiency whilst skirting side effects on humans, nature and the environment.

Energy technology

For people, energy is an overwhelming need and as a scarce resource it has been an underlying cause of political conflicts and wars. The gathering and use of energy resources can be harmful to local ecosystems and may have global outcomes. Interdisciplinary fields[edit] As an interdisciplinary science Energy technology is linked with many interdisciplinary fields in sundry, overlapping ways. Energy storage. The Llyn Stwlan dam of the FfestiniogPumped Storage Scheme in Wales.

Energy storage

The lower power station has four water turbines which can generate a total of 360 MW of electricity for several hours, an example of artificial energy storage and conversion. History[edit] Energy storage as a natural process is as old as the universe itself - the energy present at the initial formation of the universe has been stored in stars such as the Sun, and is now being used by humans directly (e.g. through solar heating), or indirectly (e.g. by growing crops or conversion into electricity in solar cells). As a purposeful activity, energy storage has existed since pre-history, though it was often not explicitly recognized as such. Architecture.

Brunelleschi, in the building of the dome of Florence Cathedral in the early 15th-century, not only transformed the building and the city, but also the role and status of the architect.[1][2] Architecture (Latin architectura, after the Greek ἀρχιτέκτων – arkhitekton – from ἀρχι- "chief" and τέκτων "builder, carpenter, mason") is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other physical structures.


Architectural works, in the material form of buildings, are often perceived as cultural symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements. "Architecture" can mean: Ceramic engineering. Simulation of the outside of the Space Shuttle as it heats up to over 1,500 °C (2,730 °F) during re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere Bearing components made from 100% silicon nitride Si3N4 Ceramic bread knife Ceramic engineering is the science and technology of creating objects from inorganic, non-metallic materials.

Ceramic engineering

This is done either by the action of heat, or at lower temperatures using precipitation reactions from high-purity chemical solutions.