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Economy of Khazakhstan

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Economy of Kazakhstan. The economy of Kazakhstan is the largest economy in Central Asia.

Economy of Kazakhstan

It possesses enormous oil reserves as well as minerals and metals. It also has considerable agricultural potential with its vast steppe lands accommodating both livestock and grain production, as well as developed space infrastructure, which took over all launches to the International Space Station from the Space Shuttle. The mountains in the south are important for apples and walnuts; both species grow wild there. Kazakhstan's industrial sector rests on the extraction and processing of these natural resources and also on a relatively large machine building sector specializing in construction equipment, tractors, agricultural machinery, and some military items.

The breakup of the USSR and the collapse of demand for Kazakhstan's traditional heavy industry products have resulted in a sharp contraction of the economy since 1991, with the steepest annual decline occurring in 1994. Macro-economic trend[edit] Oil & Gas[edit] Economy. of Khazakhstan. Agriculture in Kazakhstan. Agriculture in Kazakhstan remains a small scale sector of Kazakhstan's economy.

Agriculture in Kazakhstan

Agriculture's contribution to the GDP is under 10% - it was recorded as 6.7%, and as occupying only 20% of labor. At the same time, more than 70% of its land is occupied in crops and animal husbandry. Compared to North America, a relatively small percentage of land is used for crops, with the percentage being higher in the north of the country. 70% of the agricultural land is permanent pastureland. Kazakhstan's largest crop is wheat, which it exports. It ranks as the sixth largest wheat producer in the world. [1] Minor crops include barley, cotton, sugar beets, sunflowers, flax, and rice. In 2011 the country had achieved record grain harvests of 26.9 million tonnes, exceeding the previous record of 21mn tonnes recorded in 2009.

Agriculture in Kazakhstan. Energy policy of Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan owns large reserves of energy resources, and therefore the energy policy of Kazakhstan has influence over the world's overall energy supply.

Energy policy of Kazakhstan

Although Kazakhstan has not described itself as an energy superpower, Kazakhstan's president Nursultan Nazarbayev has claimed Kazakhstan will become a factor of energy security in Asia and Europe.[1] Kazakhstan has a strategic geographical location to control oil and gas flows from Central Asia to East (China) and West (Russia, global market). Kazakhstan is a partner country of the EU INOGATE energy programme, which has four key topics: enhancing energy security, convergence of member state energy markets on the basis of EU internal energy market principles, supporting sustainable energy development, and attracting investment for energy projects of common and regional interest.[2]

Natural resources in Kazakhstan. Transport in Kazakhstan. The vast territory of Kazakhstan spans across 2.7 million km ².

Transport in Kazakhstan

Railway stations in Kazakhstan. Railway stations in Kazakhstan include: Maps[edit] Towns[edit] (Stations should be in line order) Existing[edit] Dostyk-Alashankou on China border; break-of-gauge (Second through route opened 2012) [1]Zhetigen, Kazakhstan1,524 mm (5 ft) gaugeKorgas Transfer Hub on border with China; break-of-gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) gaugeJinghe, China - junction.

Railway stations in Kazakhstan

Transport in Kazakhstan. Banking in Kazakhstan. Telecommunications in Kazakhstan. This article provides an overview of the communications infrastructure of the country of Kazakhstan.

Telecommunications in Kazakhstan

The information was taken from CIA World FactBook (March 20, 2008):[1] Telephones - main lines in use: 5.928 million (2009) Telephones - mobile cellular: 14,830,000 (2009) Country phone code: +7 Telephone system:domestic: intercity by landline, microwave radio relay and satellite communication (KazSat); number of fixed-line connections is gradually increasing and fixed-line teledensity is about 20 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular usage is increasing rapidly and subscriptions now exceed 50 per 100 personsinternational: international traffic with other former Soviet republics and China carried by landline and microwave radio relay; with other countries by satellite and by the Trans-Asia-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic cable; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat, KazSat Radio broadcast stations: AM 60, FM 17, shortwave 9 (1998) Radios: 6.47 million (1997); 12 million (2009);

Internet in Kazakhstan. The Internet in Kazakhstan (ccTLD: .kz) is growing rapidly.

Internet in Kazakhstan

Between 2001 and 2005, the number of Internet users increased from 200,000 to 1 million. By 2007, Kazakhstan reported Internet penetration levels of 8.5 percent, rising to 12.4 percent in 2008. There are five first-tier ISPs with international Internet connections and approximately 100 second-tier ISPs that are purchasing Internet traffic from the first-tier ISPs. Penetration and ISPs[edit] The National Statistical Agency reports[when?] The official language in the country is Kazakh, spoken by 64 percent of the population. The cost of Internet access remains high relative to the average salary (54,500 tenge in 2008, or USD 363).7 KazakhTelecom’s tariffs for unlimited ADSL access with capacity of 128 kbit/s were USD 30. "Coffeedelia", a Wi-Fi cafe located in Almaty.