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Economy of Burma

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Golden Triangle (Southeast Asia) Map showing heroin production regions The Golden Triangle (Burmese: ေရႊႀတိဂံ နယ္ေျမ, IPA: [ʃwè tɹḭɡàɴ nɛ̀mjè]; Thai: สามเหลี่ยมทองคำ, IPA: [sǎːm.lìəm.tʰɔːŋ.kʰam]; Lao: ສາມຫຼ່ຽມທອງຄຳ; Vietnamese: Tam giác Vàng; Chinese: 金三角; pinyin: jīn sān jiǎo) is one of Asia's two main opium-producing areas.

Golden Triangle (Southeast Asia)

Economy of Burma. The Economy of Burma (Myanmar) is an emerging economy with an estimated nominal GDP of $51.93 billion[5] and a purchasing power adjusted GDP of $83.74 billion.[5] Real growth rate is estimated at 5.5% for the 2011 fiscal year.[6] Historically, Burma was the main trade route between India and China since 100 BC.

Economy of Burma

The Mon Kingdom of lower Burma served as important trading center in the Bay of Bengal. After Burma was conquered by British, it became the wealthiest country in Southeast Asia. It was also once the world's largest exporter of rice. It produced 75% of the world's teak and had a highly literate population.[7] After a parliamentary government was formed in 1948, Prime Minister U Nu embarked upon a policy of nationalization. In 2011, when new President Thein Sein's government came to power, Burma embarked on a major policy of reforms including anti-corruption, currency exchange rate, foreign investment laws and taxation. History[edit] Pre-colonial era[edit] Economy of Burma. Background. File:Myanmar treemap.png. Agriculture in Burma. Agriculture in Burma (officially Myanmar) is the main industry in the country, accounting for 60 percent of the GDP and employing some 65 percent of the labor force.[1] Burma was once Asia's largest exporter of rice,[2] and it remains the country's most crucial agricultural commodity.[1] Other main crops include pulses, beans, sesame, groundnuts, sugarcane, lumber, and fish.[3] Moreover, livestock are raised as both a source of food and labor.[4] Farmers mainly depend on rain and start rice fields at raining time.

Agriculture in Burma

Irrigation for farming is thousand year old. Now, there are 200 large dams using for farming and power plants. 2012-13 agriculture GDP is kyat 11374526.9 (US$ 12.6 billion) and export is increasing after 2011 government reform. Most exports are beans and rice. National Plan for 2013-2014. Agriculture of Burma. Tourism in Burma. Tourism in Burma (Myanmar) is a slowly developing sector.

Tourism in Burma

Although Burma possesses great tourist potential and attractions in many fields, much of the industry remains to be developed. Also, the number of visitors to Burma is comparatively small compared to her neighbours - even outpaced by Laos. This is primarily due to its current political situation. However, after the junta transferred power to the civilian government, the tourism sector saw an increase in tourism arrivals and in 2012, tourist arrivals surpassed the one million mark for the first time. In 2013, the Tourism Master Plan was created, targeting 7.5 million arrivals by 2020. [1] Tourism in Burma. Transport in Burma. The government of Myanmar (known as Burma before gaining independence from the British Empire) has two ministries controlling transportation: Railways[edit] As of February 2008[update], Burma had 5,099 km (3,168 mi) of railways, all 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) gauge.

Transport in Burma

There are currently no rail links to adjacent countries. Natural resources. Economic sanctions. Government stakeholders in business. Union of Myanmar Economic Holdings. UMEHL also operates Myawaddy Bank and the Burmese military's pension fund.[3] The headquarters are located on Maha Bandula Road in Yangon's Botataung Township.[4] History[edit] In the 2000s, several state-run enterprises including sugar factories were transferred under the control of UMEHL and MEH.[8] The UMEHL conglomerate is jointly owned by two military departments; 40% of shares are owned by the Directorate of Defence Procurement while 60% of shares are owned by active and veteran defence personnel, including high-ranking military officials of the former ruling military junta, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) and veterans organizations.

Union of Myanmar Economic Holdings

Economic liberalization post 2011. Media in Burma. Internet in Burma. The Internet in Burma (also known as Myanmar) has been available since 2000 when the first Internet connections were established.

Internet in Burma

Beginning in September 2011, the historically pervasive levels of Internet censorship in Burma were significantly reduced. Prior to September 2011 the military government worked aggressively to limit and control Internet access through software-based censorship, infrastructure and technical constraints, and laws and regulations with large fines and lengthy prison sentences for violators.[1][2][3] Myanmar's top-level domain is '.mm'.[4] Media of Burma. The print, broadcast and online media of Burma (also known as Myanmar) has undergone strict censorship and regulation since the 1962 Burmese coup d'état.

Media of Burma

The constitution provides for freedom of speech and the press; however, the government prohibits the exercise of these rights in practice. Reporters Without Borders ranked Burma 174th out of 178 in its 2010 Press Freedom Index, ahead of just Iran, Turkmenistan, North Korea, and Eritrea.[1] In 2013, Burma moved up to 151st place, close to its ASEAN neighbors such as Singapore, as a result of political changes in the country.[2] There have been moves to lift censorship in the country.

Tint Swe, head of the country's censorship body, the Press Scrutiny and Registration Division (PSRB), told Radio Free Asia that censorship "should be abolished in the near future" as it is "non-existent in most other countries" and "not in harmony with democratic practices. Burmese units of measurement. Units of measurement.