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Dynasties in Iran (1501-1979)

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Dynasties in Iran. Safavid dynasty. Afsharid dynasty. The dynasty was named after the Turkic Afshar tribe to which Nader belonged.

Afsharid dynasty

The Afshars had migrated from Turkestan to Azerbaijan in the 13th century. In the early 17th century, Shah Abbas the Great moved many Afshars from Azerbaijan to Khorasan to defend the north-eastern borders of his state against the Uzbeks, after wich the Afshars became native to those regions. Nader belonged to the Qereqlu branch of the Afshars.[7] Foundation of the dynasty[edit] Nader's conquests and the succession problem[edit] Nader initiated a new religious policy aimed at reconciling Shia with Sunni Islam. Sindh silver rupee found in south east Pakistan, under the Afsharid Shahs of Iran 18th century. Soon afterwards Nader started his campaigns, firstly waging a war against the Afghans and captured Kandahar, their last bastion.

After his return from India, Nader fell out with his eldest son Reza Qoli Mirza, who had ruled Persia during his father's absence. Civil war and downfall of the Afsharids[edit] Qajar dynasty. The Qajar dynasty ( Qajar ) (Persian: سلسله قاجاریه‎ or دودمان قاجار; also romanised as Ghajar, Kadjar, Qachar etc.) is a Persianized[4] Iranian royal family of Turkic origin,[5][6][7][8][9] which ruled Persia (Iran) from 1785 to 1925.[10][11] The Qajar family took full control of Iran in 1794, deposing Lotf 'Ali Khan, the last of the Zand dynasty, and re-asserted Persian sovereignty over parts of the Caucasus and Central Asia.

Qajar dynasty

In 1796, Mohammad Khan Qajar seized Mashhad with ease, which was under Durrani suzerainty,[12] putting an end to the Afsharid dynasty, and Mohammad Khan was formally crowned as shah after his sacking of Tblisi.[13] In the Caucasus and Central Asia, the Qajar dynasty eventually permanently lost many of its controlled areas to the Russians. Origins[edit] Qajars filled a number of diplomatic missions and governorships in the 16–17th centuries for the Safavids. The Qajars were resettled by Shah Abbas I throughout Iran. Rise to power[edit] War with Russia[edit] Pahlavi dynasty. The Pahlavi dynasty (Persian: دودمان پهلوی‎), officially the Imperial State of Iran,[2] was the reigning constitutional monarchy of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution.

Pahlavi dynasty

The Imperial State was founded by Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1925, whose reign lasted until 1941 when he was forced to abdication by the Allies after the Anglo-Soviet invasion. He was succeeded by his son, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran. Faced with growing public discontent and popular rebellion throughout 1978, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi went into exile with his family in January 1979, sparking a series of events that quickly led to the dissolution of the Imperial State on 11 February 1979, officially ending the 2500-year old tradition of monarchy in Iran.[3] Establishment[edit] In 1921, Reza Khan, an officer in Iran's Persian Cossack Brigade, used his troops to support a successful coup against the government of the Qajar dynasty.