Demographics of Zimbabwe. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Zimbabwe, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Population The population of Zimbabwe has grown during the twentieth century in accordance with the model of a developing country with high birth rates and falling death rates, resulting in relatively high population growth rate (around 3% or above in the 1960s and early 1970s). After a spurt in the period 1980-1983 following independence, a decline in birth rates set in. Since 1991, however, there has been a jump in death rates from a low of 10 per 1000 in 1985 to a high of 25 per 1000 in 2002/2003. It has since subsided to just under 22 per 1000 (estimate for 2007) a little below the birth rate of around 27 per 1000. The high death rate is due to the impact of AIDS, which is by far the main cause of death.
Census data Demographics. Languages of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe has 16 official languages. English, Shona and Ndebele are the most widely spoken languages in the country.
Approximately 70% of the population is Shona speaking and speaks ChiShona as their first language. Also it is said that around 20% are Ndebele and speak IsiNdebele as their first language. These statistics have been officialised yet Zimbabwe has never conducted a census that enumerated people according to ethnic groups. All official languages are acceptable in education, government, etc. but English is traditionally used for official business. It serves as a common language for most Zimbabweans. Languages. Refugee crisis. Health. Zimbabwean cholera outbreak. The spread of cholera in Zimbabwe as of 19 February 2009, using data from several sources. The Zimbabwean cholera outbreak is an ongoing cholera epidemic in Zimbabwe that began in August 2008, swept across the country and spread to Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa and Zambia. By 10 January 2010 there had been 98,741 reported cases and 4,293 deaths making it the deadliest African cholera outbreak since 1993. The Zimbabwean government declared the outbreak a national emergency and requested international aid. Cause An open drain in Kuwadzana township, Harare in 2004.
By 2008 drains such as this were carrying sewage from burst sewage pipes and feces washed out of the neighbouring areas as the urban sanitation system collapsed. HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe. Recent estimates from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) indicate that approximately 1.6 million adults 15 years and older were living with HIV/AIDS in 2005.
Despite the severity of the epidemic, prevalence rates in Zimbabwe have begun to show signs of decline, from 22.1 percent prevalence among adults ages 15 to 19 in 2003 to 20.1 percent prevalence in the same age group in 2005. Dr. Peter Piot, head of UNAIDS, said that in Zimbabwe, “The declines in HIV rates have been due to changes in behaviour, including increased use of condoms, people delaying the first time they have sexual intercourse, and people having fewer sexual partners.” Zimbabwe has a generalized HIV/AIDS epidemic with HIV transmitted primarily through heterosexual contact and mother-to-child transmission. Education in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe leads Africa in having an adult literacy rate of approximately 90%, which compares favourably to Tunisia at 87%. The country's education system was once the most developed on the continent, although it continues to suffer from a contemporary decline in public funding linked to hyperinflation and economic mismanagement. As early as 1967, some 91.5% of youths aged between 5 and 14 were already enrolled in schools. By the 1990s, primary schooling was nearly universal and over half the population had completed a secondary education. TIME magazine reported in 2008 that "in the mid-1990s there was a national O-level pass rate of 72 per cent....last year  it crashed to 11 per cent". This culminated in the cancelling of the school year in 2008.
Zimbabwean teachers have gone on strike in recent years over low salaries, poor working conditions, political violence and election results, further aggravating the situation. School grades Normal Ages Education.