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Demographics of Greece

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The official statistical body of Greece is the Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT), according to which Greece's total population in 2011 was 10,815,197.[161] Greek society is fairly homogenous, with 94 percent of the population being ethnic Greeks who speak the Greek language.

The birth rate in 2003 stood 9.5 per 1,000 inhabitants, significantly lower than the rate of 14.5 per 1,000 in 1981. At the same time, the mortality rate increased slightly from 8.9 per 1,000 inhabitants in 1981 to 9.6 per 1,000 inhabitants in 2003.
Greek society has rapidly changed over the last several decades. Its declining fertility rate has led to an increase in the median age, which coincides with the overall aging of Europe. In 2001, 16.71 percent of the population were 65 years old and older, 68.12 percent between the ages of 15 and 64 years old, and 15.18 percent were 14 years old and younger.[162] Marriage rates kept falling from almost 71 per 1,000 inhabitants in 1981 until 2002, only to increase slightly in 2003 to 61 per 1,000 and then fall again to 51 in 2004.[162] Moreover, divorce rates have seen an increase – from 191.2 per 1,000 marriages in 1991 to 239.5 per 1,000 marriages in 2004.[162] Subsequently, the average Greek family is smaller and older than in previous generations.

Demographics of Greece. Greeks. The Greeks (Greek: Έλληνες [ˈe̞line̞s]) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, Anatolia and other regions.


They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.[40] Greek colonies and communities have been historically established in most corners of the Mediterranean, but Greeks have always been centered around the Aegean Sea, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.[41] Until the early 20th century, Greeks were uniformly distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, Pontus, Egypt, Cyprus and Constantinople; many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of the ancient Greek colonization.[42] History[edit] A reconstruction of the 3rd millennium BC "Proto-Greek area", according to Bulgarian linguist Vladimir Georgiev.

Origins[edit] Eric P. Migration. Greek diaspora. Map showing the countries with the largest Greek population around the world.

Greek diaspora

The Greek diaspora or Hellenic diaspora, also known as Omogenia[1][2] (Greek: Ομογένεια) refers to the communities of Greek people living outside the traditional Greek homelands, but more commonly in other parts of the Balkans, in southern Russia and Ukraine, Asia Minor, the region of Pontus (Pontic Greeks), as well as Georgia and northeastern Anatolia/the southern Caucasus (Caucasus Greeks). Members of the diaspora can be identified as those who themselves, or whose ancestors, migrated from the Greek homelands.[3] History[edit] Ancient times[edit] A map showing the Greek territories and colonies during the Archaic (800 BC – 480 BC) period. Middle Ages[edit] Immigration to Greece. Immigrants in Monastiraki in Athens The percentage of foreign populations in Greece is as high as 8,4% in proportion to the total population of the country.[1] Moreover, between 9 and 11% of the registered Greek labor force of 4.4 million are foreigners. [2] Migrants additionally make up 25% of wage and salary earners. [2] Migrants are so plentiful that in a society with negative natural population growth, immigration has become the sole source of population increase overall. [3] As of 2012, Albanian migrants constitute some 55–60% or more of the immigrant population.

Immigration to Greece

More recent immigrant groups, from the mid-1990s on, consist of Asian nationalities—especially Pakistani and Bangladeshi— with more recent political asylum and/or illegal migration flows through Turkey of Afghans, Iranians, Iraqis, Somali and others. Religion in Greece. Religion in Greece, is dominated by the Church of Greece, which is part of the wider Greek Orthodox Church.

Religion in Greece

It represents the majority of the population[3] and Greek Orthodoxy is constitutionally recognised as the "prevailing religion" of Greece (making it one of the few European countries with a state religion). Other major religions include Catholicism, Hellenic Neopaganism, Judaism, Protestantism and Islam. According to a 2010 Eurobarometer Poll, 79% of Greek citizens believe that there is a God, whereas 16% believed in some sort of spirit or life force and 4% responded that they did not believe there is any sort of God, spirit or life force.[4] According to a more recent survey (April 2011) conducted by Kapa Research (a major Greek polling firm) at the request of To Vima newspaper, asking Greek citizens whether they believed in God or not, 56.3% answered "yes", 20% answered "probably yes", 7.7% answered "probably no" and 13% answered "no".[5]

Religion. Greek language. Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά [eliniˈka] "Greek" and ελληνική γλώσσα [eliniˈci ˈɣlosa] ( ) "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages.

Greek language

Languages of Greece. The official language of Greece is Greek, spoken by 99% of the population.

Languages of Greece

In addition, a number of non-official, minority languages and some Greek dialects are spoken as well. The most common foreign languages learned by Greeks are English, French, Spanish and Italian. Language. File:Greece linguistic minorities.svg. Cancel Edit Delete Preview revert Text of the note (may include Wiki markup) Could not save your note (edit conflict or other problem).

File:Greece linguistic minorities.svg

Please copy the text in the edit box below and insert it manually by editing this page. Upon submitting the note will be published multi-licensed under the terms of the CC-BY-SA-3.0 license and of the GFDL, versions 1.2, 1.3, or any later version. See our terms of use for more details. Add a note Draw a rectangle onto the image above (press the left mouse button, then drag and release). Save To modify annotations, your browser needs to have the XMLHttpRequest object. [[MediaWiki talk:Gadget-ImageAnnotator.js|Adding image note]]$1 [[MediaWiki talk:Gadget-ImageAnnotator.js|Changing image note]]$1 [[MediaWiki talk:Gadget-ImageAnnotator.js|Removing image note]]$1. Minorities in Greece. Minorities in Greece are small in size compared to Balkan regional standards, and the country is largely ethnically homogeneous.[1] This is mainly due to the population exchanges between Greece and neighboring Turkey (Convention of Lausanne) and Bulgaria (Treaty of Neuilly), which removed most Muslims (with the exception of the Muslims of Thrace) and those Christian Slavs who did not identify as Greeks, from Greek territory; the treaty also provided for the resettlement of ethnic Greeks from those countries, later to be followed by refugees.

Minorities in Greece

The 2001 census reported a population of 10,964,020 people.[2][verification needed] Religious minorities. Education in Greece. All levels are overseen by the Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs.

Education in Greece

The Ministry exercises centralised control over state schools, by prescribing the curriculum, appointing staff and controlling funding. Private schools also fall under the mandate of the Ministry, which exercises supervisory control over them. At a regional level, the supervisory role of the Ministry is exercised through Regional Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education, and Directorates of Primary and Secondary Education operate in every Prefecture. Tertiary institutions are nominally autonomous, but the Ministry is responsible for their funding, and the distribution of students to undergraduate courses. Currently the Greek government only recognises the degree programmes offered by the state-run universities although there are several private universities and colleges offering degree programmes that are validated and overseen by American, British and other European universities.

Primary education[edit] Education. Health care in Greece. The logo of the Ministry for Health and Social Solidarity.

Health care in Greece

Health care in Greece is provided through national health insurance, although private health care is also an option. According to the 2011 budget, the Greek healthcare system was allocated 6.1 billion euro, or 2.8% of GDP.[1] In a 2000 report by the World Health Organization, the Greek healthcare system was ranked 14th worldwide in the overall assessment, above other countries such as Germany (25) and the United Kingdom (18), while ranking 11th at level of service.[2] However, since July 2011, with the recent austerity measures, unemployed Greeks receive benefits for a maximum of a year, and after that period, health care is no longer universal and patients must pay for their own treatment.[3][4][5] Austerity measures have also resulted in citizens being forced to contribute more towards the cost of their medications.[6] Ancient history[edit]