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Demographics of Finland

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The population of Finland is currently about 5,500,000.[8] Finland has an average population density of 18 inhabitants per square kilometre. This is the third-lowest population density of any European country, behind those of Norway and Iceland.

Finland's population has always been concentrated in the southern parts of the country, a phenomenon that became even more pronounced during 20th-century urbanisation. The largest cities in Finland are those of the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area—Helsinki, Espoo and Vantaa. Other cities with population over 100.000 are Tampere, Turku, Oulu, Jyväskylä and Lahti.

The share of foreign citizens in Finland is 3.4%, among the lowest in the European Union.[105] Most of them are from Russia, Estonia and Sweden.[105] The children of foreigners are not automatically given Finnish citizenship. If they are born in Finland and cannot get citizenship of any other country, they become citizens.

Demographics of Finland. Population densities in Finland, inhabitants per square kilometre.

Demographics of Finland

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Finland, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Finland numbers some 5.4 million and has an average population density of 17 inhabitants per square kilometre. This makes it the third most sparsely populated country in Europe, after Iceland and Norway. Population distribution is very uneven: the population is concentrated on the small southwestern coastal plain. About 64% live in towns and cities, with one million living in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area alone.

Languages. Languages of Finland. The two "national" languages of Finland are Finnish and Swedish.

Languages of Finland

The official minority languages are three Sami languages, Romani, Finnish Sign Language and the Karelian language. Finnish[edit] Finnish language. Finnish ( suomi , or suomen kieli) is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland.

Finnish language

It is one of the two official languages of Finland and an official minority language in Sweden. In Sweden, both standard Finnish and Meänkieli, a Finnish dialect, are spoken. The Kven language, a dialect of Finnish, is spoken in Northern Norway. Classification[edit] Finnish is a member of the Finnic group of the Uralic family of languages. Finnish demonstrates an affiliation with other Uralic languages in several respects including: Shared morphology: case suffixes such as genitive -n, partitive -(t)a / -(t)ä ( ← Uralic *-ta), essive -na / -näplural markers -t and -i-possessive suffixes such as 1st person singular -ni ( ← Uralic *-mi), 2nd person singular -si ( ← Uralic *-ti).various derivational suffixesShared basic vocabulary displaying regular sound correspondences with the other Uralic languages.

Finland Swedish. Municipalities of Finland with Swedish as an official language in blue: White: unilingually Finnish municipalities Light blue: bilingual municipalities with a Finnish majority Bright blue: bilingual municipalities with a Swedish majority Dark blue: unilingually (92-94%) Swedish municipalities More than 17,000 Swedish-speaking Finns live in officially monolingual Finnish municipalities, and are thus not represented on the map.

Finland Swedish

Unofficial flag of the Swedish-speakers in Finland Swedish as spoken in Finland is regulated by the Swedish Department of the Institute for the Languages of Finland. Religion in Finland. Most people in Finland are at least nominally members of a Christian church.

Religion in Finland

There are presently two state churches: the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, which is the primary state religion and enjoys a membership of about three quarters of the population, and the Finnish Orthodox Church, which enjoys a membership of about one percent of the population.[1][2] Prior to Christianisation in the 11th century, Finnish paganism was the primary religion. The Evangelical-Lutheran Church[edit] Religion. Fire fighting in Finland. The Central Fire Station of Helsinki at dusk Fire fighting in Finland is regulated by the Ministry of the Interior.

Fire fighting in Finland

Municipalities of Finland can choose whether the fire and rescue services are provided by a professional fire brigade, a half-ordinary fire brigade or a voluntary fire brigade. Half-ordinary and voluntary fire brigades rely on non-professional voluntary fire fighters who have been trained appropriately. The main responsibilities of fire brigades are (in decreasing order of importance) rescuing people, protecting property and the environment, limiting damage and consequences.[1] There are approximately 85,000 emergency missions a year in Finland, of which fires account for 18%. In large fires (particularly forest fires) the rescue services also use civilians and the Finnish military. Responsibilities[edit] Finland has 22 rescue services regions. The Rescue Departments in Finland have several responsibilities.

The rescues service regions have different risk areas. Notes[edit]