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Demographics of Denmark

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According to 2012 figures from Statistics Denmark, 89.6% of Denmark's population of over 5,580,516 is of Danish descent (defined as having at least one parent who was born in Denmark and has Danish citizenship).[130] Many of the remaining 10.4% are immigrants—or descendants of recent immigrants—from neighbouring countries, Turkey, Iraq, Somalia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, South Asia and the Middle East.

Of the 10.4%, approximately 200,000 (34%) are of a Western background, and approx. 390,000 (66%) have a non-Western background.[131]
The median age is 41.4 years, with 0.97 males per female. 99% of the population (age 15 and up) is literate. The fertility rate is 1.73 children born per woman (2013 est.). Despite the low birth rate, the population is still growing at an average annual rate of 0.23%.[50]
Danish, Faroese, and Greenlandic are the official languages of mainland Denmark, the Faroes, and Greenland, respectively; German is an official minority language in the former South Jutland County near the German border. Danish is spoken throughout the kingdom and is the national language of Denmark. English and German are the most widely spoken foreign languages.[132]
Denmark is frequently ranked as the happiest country in the world in cross-national studies of happiness.

Demographics of Denmark. Languages of Denmark. Knowledge of the German language in Denmark, 2005.

Languages of Denmark

According to the Eurobarometer,[1] 58% of the respondents indicated that they know German well enough to have a conversation. Of these 15% (per cent, not percentage points) reported a very good knowledge of the language whereas 33% had a good knowledge and 52% basic German skills. The Kingdom of Denmark has only one official language,[citation needed] Danish, the national language of the Danish people, but there are several minority languages spoken through the territory. These include German, Faroese, and Greenlandic. A large majority (86%)[1] of Danes also speak English as a second language; it is mandatory for Danish students to learn from the third grade in Folkeskole. Official regional languages[edit] German[edit] Beside this there are also 28,584 immigrants from Germany in Denmark by 2012.[5] Faroese[edit] Faroese-language postage stamps.

Religion in Denmark. Helgenæs Kirke, a typical parish church.

Religion in Denmark

Of all the religions in Denmark, the most prominent is Christianity in the form of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Denmark, the state religion. However, pockets of virtually all faiths can be found among the population. The second largest faith is Islam, due to immigration since 1980. Religion. Education in Denmark. Education in Denmark is compulsory (Danish: undervisningspligt) for children below the age of 15 or 16, even though it is not compulsory to attend Folkeskole ("public school").

Education in Denmark

The school years up to the age of fifteen/sixteen are known as Folkesole, since any education has to match the level offered there. About 82% of young people take further education in addition to this.[1] Government-funded education is usually free of charge and open to all. Denmark has a tradition of private schools and about 15,6% of all children at basic school level attend private schools, which are supported by a voucher system.[2][3] Education. Student loans in Denmark. Secondary school grants[edit] All students above age 18 are entitled to a free grant regulated partly by the income of their parents if they are below age 20.

Student loans in Denmark

The basic rate for students living on their own and older than 20 is 5,662 DKK (about USD 960) a month. University grants[edit] When a student starts at a university or another kind of higher education institution, they are entitled to SU for a maximum of six years. As all university education (with the exception of medicine) takes five years in Denmark, it allows the student to take one year more on their studies than nominated, or to change their major during their first year without economic consequences. Disability grants[edit] Any higher education student professionally diagnosed with a permanent disability, such as muscular dystrophy, blindness, deafness or autism, can apply for an additional grant of 8,051 DKK (about USD 1,364) a month. Health care in Denmark. Health care in Denmark is largely financed through local (county and municipal) taxation with integrated funding and provision of health care at the local (county) level.

Health care in Denmark

Denmark spends 9.8% of GDP on healthcare. The life expectancy in Denmark is 78.6 years. There is 1 doctor for every 294 persons in Denmark.[1] Primary care[edit] Secondary care[edit] Hospital care is mainly provided by hospitals owned and run by the counties (or the Copenhagen Hospital Corporation in the Copenhagen area). There are few private hospital providers, and they account for less than 1% of hospital beds. Central government role[edit] The central government plays a relatively limited role in health care in Denmark. Healthcare.