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Culture of Sri Lanka

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Culture of Sri Lanka. Ceylon Tea The culture of Sri Lanka has been influenced by many factors, but has managed to retain much of its ancient aspects.

Culture of Sri Lanka

Mostly it has been influenced by its long history and its Buddhist heritage. The country has a rich artistic tradition, embracing the fine arts, including music, dance, and visual arts. The Sri Lankan lifestyle is reflected in the cuisine, festivals, and sports. South Indian influences are visible in many aspects. Sri Lanka has had ties with Indian subcontinent from ancient times. History[edit] Sri Lanka boasts of a documented history of over 2000 years with the first stone objects dating back to 500,000 BC[2]mainly due to ancient historic scriptures like Mahawansa[3] Several centuries of intermittent foreign influence, has transformed Sri Lankan culture to the present outlook.

Culture in Sri Lanka. Food and Festivals in Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan cuisine. Sri Lankan cuisine is one of the most complex cuisines of South Asia.

Sri Lankan cuisine

Due to its proximity to South India, the cuisine of Sri Lanka shows some influence, yet is in many ways quite distinct. As a major trade hub, it draws influence from colonial powers that were involved in Sri Lanka and by foreign traders. Rice, which is consumed daily, can be found at any occasion, while spicy curries are favorite dishes for lunch and dinner.[1] Some of the Sri Lankan dishes have striking resemblance to Kerala cuisine, which could be due to the similar geographic and agricultural features with Kerala. Main dishes[edit] A Sri Lankan rice and curry dish. Typical Sri Lankan dish of rice and prawns. Sri Lanka has long been renowned for its spices. Another well-known rice dish is kiribath, meaning "milk rice. " Sri Lankan people use spices liberally in their dishes and typically do not follow an exact recipe: thus, every cook's curry will taste slightly different.

Kottu or Koththu Roti[edit] Hoppers. List of Sri Lankan sweets and desserts. This is a list of notable Sri Lankan sweets and desserts.

List of Sri Lankan sweets and desserts

Sri Lanka is well known throughout South Asia for sweets and desserts originating from there. Desserts are usually served as part of main meals, whereas sweets are consumed at tea times. Many Sri Lankan desserts and sweets contain domestic spices, jaggery and kithul (Caryota urens) treacle. Locally made treacle and jaggery are the most common sweeteners. Festivals in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka having a history as long as many ancient civilizations, positioning in the crossroad of the East and the West, and being a multicultural society, celebrates a wide variety of festivals, ceremonies and events.

Festivals in Sri Lanka

Every year on or about April 13th Sinhala and Tamil people celebrate Sinhala and Tamil New Year Festival, and Muslims celebrate Ramadan. Esala Perahera (A-suh-luh peh-ruh-ha-ruh) is the grand festival of Esala held in Sri Lanka. It is very grand with elegant costumes. Happening in July or August in Kandy, it has become a unique symbol of Sri Lanka. It is a Buddhist festival consisting of dances and richly decorated elephants. Festivals and events by Gregorian calendar dates[edit] (This order may differ from year to year due astrological and astronomical reasons) Visual, Literary, and Performing arts in Sri Lanka. Theatre of Sri Lanka. An audience watches a performance at the Nelum Pokuna Mahinda Rajapaksa Theatre Theatre of Sri Lanka originated from traditional rituals and folk dramas in the 19th century.

Theatre of Sri Lanka

Until that period, the art was confined to small villages and didn't have a national presence. Influential dramatist Ediriweera Sarachchandra attributes this to the influence of Theravada Buddhism, which he believes to have "tended more toward solitary contemplation and the attainment of insight than towards congregational practices or participation in community life. " Cinema of Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan cinema encompasses the films made in Sri Lanka.

Cinema of Sri Lanka

It is a fledgling industry that has struggled to find a footing since its inauguration in 1947 with Kadawunu Poronduwa produced by S.M. Nayagam of Chitra Kala Movietone. Sri Lankan films are usually made in the Sinhalese language, the language of the majority Sinhala people. In the first nine years most films were made in South India and followed the conventions of Indian cinema.

Studio shooting was the norm, with Indian style sets erected in film studios. Though "Rekawa" was acclaimed by local and international critics, the film failed to find an audience in the country and was a box office failure. During the 1970s several talents came to the forefront while commercial cinema continued to steal storylines and plots from Indian films. Over the next few decades, artists such as Tissa Abeysekara, Dr. Sri Lankan literature. Sri Lankan literature is the literary tradition of Sri Lanka.

Sri Lankan literature

The largest part of Sri Lankan literature was written in the Sinhala language, but there is a considerable amount of works in other languages used in Sri Lanka over the millennia (including Pāli, Tamil, and English). Up to the present, short stories are a very important part of Sri Lankan literature; the output of Sinhalese short story writers is greater than that of the Tamil and English writers combined and has elicited a greater measure of critical analysis. History[edit] List of names[edit] Pali Writers[edit] Mahanama TheroVedeha Thera. Music of Sri Lanka. The music of Sri Lanka has its roots in four primary influences: ancient folk rituals, Buddhist religious traditions, the legacy of European colonization, and the commercial and historical influence of nearby Indian culture—specifically, Bollywood cinema.

Music of Sri Lanka

The Theravada sect of Buddhism has exercised a particular influence on Sri Lankan music since Buddhism arrived in Sri Lanka around the opening of the first millennium. Portuguese colonists were among the first Europeans to arrive in Sri Lanka, landing in the mid-15th century. They brought with them traditional cantiga ballads, ukuleles and guitars, as well as conscripted Africans (referred to, historically, as kaffrinhas), who spread their own style of music known as baila. Dances of Sri Lanka. Traditional Sri Lankan harvesting dance The origin of the dances of Sri Lanka lies with the indigenous people of Sri Lanka, the Wanniyala-Aetto and "yakkas" ("those who work with iron").

Dances of Sri Lanka

Classical Dances[edit] There are three main styles of Sri Lankan classical dance: The Kandyan dances of the Hill Country, known as Uda Rata Natum;The low country dances of the southern plains, known as Pahatha Rata Natum;Sabaragamuwa dances, or Sabaragamuwa Natum. Kandyan dance takes its name from Kandy, the last royal capital of Sri Lanka, which is situated about 120 kilometers from the modern capital at Colombo.

Sport in Sri Lanka. History[edit] Traditional sports[edit] International competition[edit] Olympic Games[edit] Asian Games[edit] Commonwealth Games[edit] Popular sports[edit]

Sport in Sri Lanka

Sports in Sri Lanka.