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Culture of South Korea

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Culture of Korea. Lotus lantern festival The traditional culture of Korea refers to the shared cultural heritage of the Korean Peninsula.

Culture of Korea

Since the mid-20th century, the peninsula has been split politically between North and South Korea, resulting in a number of cultural differences.[1][2][3][4] Traditional arts[edit] Dance[edit] Jinju geommu As with music, there is a distinction between court dance and folk dance. Traditional choreography of court dances is reflected in many contemporary productions. Taekkyeon the traditional martial art is central to the classic Korean dance.

Painting[edit] The earliest paintings found on the Korean peninsula are petroglyphs of prehistoric times. There is a tendency towards naturalism with subjects such as realistic landscapes, flowers and birds being particularly popular. In the 18th century indigenous techniques were advanced, particularly in calligraphy and seal engraving. Arts are both influenced by tradition and realism. Culture of South Korea. The contemporary culture of South Korea developed from the traditional culture of Korea, and on its own path away from North Korean culture since the division of Korea in 1943.

Culture of South Korea

The industrialization and urbanization of South Korea, especially Seoul, have brought many changes to the way Korean people live. Changing economics and lifestyles have led to a concentration of population in major cities (and depopulation of the rural countryside), with multi-generational households separating into nuclear family living arrangements. Culture of South Korea. Korean arts. Korean arts include traditions in calligraphy, music, painting and pottery, often marked by the use of natural forms, surface decoration and bold colors or sounds.

Korean arts

Introduction[edit] The earliest examples of Korean art consist of stone age works dating from 3000 BCE. These mainly consist of votive sculptures, although petroglyphs have also been recently rediscovered. This early period was followed by the art styles of various Korean kingdoms and dynasties. Korean artists sometimes modified Chinese traditions with a native preference for simple elegance, purity of nature and spontaneity. The Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392) was one of the most prolific periods for artists in many disciplines, especially in pottery. The Korean art market is concentrated in the Insadong district of Seoul where over 50 small galleries exhibit and there are occasional fine arts auctions.

Arts in Korea. Korean architecture. Sungyang Seowon, an academic institute dating to the Joseon dynasty and Confucian shrine.

Korean architecture

Korean architecture refers to the built environment of Korea from c. 30,000 BC to the present. Introduction[edit] From a technical point of view, buildings are structured vertically and horizontally. A construction usually rises from a stone subfoundation to a curved roof covered with tiles, held by a console structure and supported on posts; walls are made of earth (adobe) or are sometimes totally composed of movable wooden doors.

Architecture is built according to the k'a unit, the distance between two posts (about 3.7 meters), and is designed so that there is always a transitional space between the "inside" and the "outside. " The console, or bracket structure, is a specific architectonic element that has been designed in various ways through time. Historical architecture[edit] Prehistoric architecture[edit] Gochang Dolmen, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.Gochang Dolmen, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Architecture of South Korea. South Korean Architecture refers to any architectures in South Korea which includes architectures from Neolithic–7th century, three-kingdoms of Korea, Goryeo, Joseon, Japanese occupation, Korean War, and modern architectures.

Architecture of South Korea

Historic Architectures[edit] Located in Seoul is the Gwangtonggwan, the oldest continuously-operating bank building in Korea.[1] It was registered as one of city's protected monuments on March 5, 2001.[2] Joseon Architectures Trees and flowers were carefully arranged to make a nice view.The presence of gulttuk or chimney is a unique characteristic of Korean architecture which is rarely found in its other Asian counterparts.Another pavilion in Changdeok Royal Palace. Architecture in South Korea. Korean cuisine. Korean cuisine as a national cuisine known today has evolved through centuries of social and political change.

Korean cuisine

Originating from ancient agricultural and nomadic traditions in southern Manchuria and the Korean peninsula, Korean cuisine has evolved through a complex interaction of the natural environment and different cultural trends.[2][3] Korean cuisine is largely based upon rice, vegetables, and meats. Traditional Korean meals are noted for the number of side dishes (banchan) that accompany steam-cooked short-grain rice. Kimchi is served often, sometimes at every meal. Commonly used ingredients include sesame oil, doenjang (fermented bean paste), soy sauce, salt, garlic, ginger, pepper flakes and gochujang (fermented red chili paste). Ingredients and dishes vary by province. Food[edit] Grains[edit] Dolsotbap, cooked rice in a stone pot (dolsot) Grains have been one of the most important staples to the Korean diet. Cuisine in South Korea. Media in South Korea. Korean Wave. The Korean Wave[2] (Hangul: 한류; hanja: 韓流; RR: Hallyu[1]; MR: Hallyu) is a neologism referring to the increase in the popularity of South Korean culture since the late 1990s.

Korean Wave

The term was originally coined in mid-1999 by Beijing journalists who were surprised by China's growing appetite for South Korean cultural exports. They subsequently referred to this new phenomenon as "Hánliú" (韓流), which literally means "flow of Korea".[3][4] First driven by the spread of K-dramas televised across East and Southeast Asia during its initial stages, the Korean Wave evolved from a regional development into a global phenomenon due to the proliferation of Korean pop (K-pop) music videos on YouTube.[5] Currently, the spread of the Korean Wave to other regions of the world is most visibly seen among teenagers and young adults in Latin America, Northeast India, the Middle East, North Africa, and immigrant enclaves of the Western world.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

Technology culture in South Korea. Sport in South Korea. South Korea has traditional sports of its own, but sports imported from the West are predominant.

Sport in South Korea

Traditional sports[edit] A taekwondo practitioner demonstrating dollyo chagi technique. Sports in South Korea.