background preloader

Culture of Saudi Arabia

Facebook Twitter

Culture of Saudi Arabia. The cultural setting of Saudi Arabia is Arab and Islam, and features many elements from historical ritual and folk culture such as dance and music.

Culture of Saudi Arabia

Traditional values and cultural mores are adapted into legal prohibitions, even for non-Muslims who are forbidden by law from publicly practicing their faith inside the kingdom, although they are free to do so in the privacy of their own homes. For example, Christmas decorations are sold in supermarkets, but you will not find Christmas parties advertised. Alcoholic beverages are prohibited as are pork products. Restrictions on cinema[edit] Culture of Saudi Arabia. Islamic heritage sites in Saudi Arabia. Medina. Medina (/mɛˈdiːnə/; Arabic: اَلْمَدِينَة اَلْمَنَوَّرَة‎, officially al-Madīnah al-Munawwarah, “the radiant city”, or اَلْمَدِينَة al-Madīnah, also officially transliterated as Madinah by the Saudi Government and in modern Islamic literature generally), is a modern city in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia, and the capital of Al Madinah Province.

Medina

An alternative name is Madinat Al-Nabi ("The City of the Prophet," i.e., Muhammad). The Arabic word madinah simply means "city. " Before the advent of Islam, the city was known as Yathrib but was personally renamed by Muhammad. Medina is reportedly home to the three oldest mosques in Islam which were built in the days of Muhammad, namely Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (The Prophet's Mosque), Quba Mosque (the first mosque in Islam's history),[3] and Masjid al-Qiblatain (The Mosque of the Two Qiblahs – the mosque where the direction of Muslim prayer, or qiblah, was switched from Jerusalem to Mecca).

Destruction of early Islamic heritage sites. Jannatul Baqi Graveyard in Medina.

Destruction of early Islamic heritage sites

Mecca. Mecca[3] (/ˈmɛkə/; Arabic: مكة‎, Makkah, pronounced [ˈmækkæ]), also transliterated as Makkah, is a city in the Hejaz[4] and the capital of Makkah Province in Saudi Arabia.

Mecca

The city is located 70 km (43 mi) inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during Hajj period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhu al-Hijjah. As the birthplace of Muhammad and a site of Muhammad's first revelation of the Quran (the site in specificity being a cave 3.2 km (2 mi) from Mecca),[5][6] Mecca is regarded as the holiest city in the religion of Islam[7] and a pilgrimage to it known as the Hajj is obligatory for all able Muslims. Mecca is home to the Kaaba, by majority description Islam's holiest site, as well as being the direction of Muslim prayer.

Etymology and usage Government History Early history Thamudic Inscriptions Tradition. Dress in Saudi Arabia. Entertainment, the Arts, Sport, and Cuisine in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabian cuisine. Traditional cuisine[edit] Food[edit] The Arabian people have consumed the same type of food for thousands of years.[1] Some of the common food items in Saudi Arabian cuisine include wheat, rice, lamb, chicken, yogurt and dates.

Saudi Arabian cuisine

Shawarma and Falafel are two common dishes which are originally Syrian and Egyptian dishes. These two dishes are examples about the influence of foreign residents in Saudi's food. Yogurt is normally made into a drink called Laban. Kleeja, a cardamom cookie Drink[edit] Traditional coffeehouses used to be ubiquitous, but are now being displaced by food-hall style cafes. Drinking tea is also a famous custom in Arabia, It is used in both casual and formal meetings between friends, family and strangers. Sheep, goat and camel milk are also used by the Bedouin. Islamic dietary laws[edit] Islamic dietary laws forbid the eating of pork and the drinking of alcoholic beverages.

Food shopping and markets[edit] Fast food[edit] International cuisine[edit] Sport in Saudi Arabia. This article is about the sports in Saudi Arabia.

Sport in Saudi Arabia

Music of Saudi Arabia. The music of Saudi Arabia includes both Western and traditional music.

Music of Saudi Arabia

The most distinguished musician in recent Saudi history is Tariq Abdulhakeem, who composed hundreds of famous Saudi songs for himself as well as for other singers. Saraj Omar has become a very prominent composer after composing the music for the Saudi national anthem. In 1999, the 1st Arab Pioneers Festival, which was held in Cairo under the patronage of the Arab League, honored four of the lead composers in Saudi Arabia: Tariq Abdulhakeem, Ghazi Ali, Mohammed Al-Senan, and Muhammad Shafique Chughtai. Mohammed Al-Senan is the first Arab composer who won the 1st Place World Wide Award in the first Children International Nile Song Festival which was held in Cairo in September 1998, for his song "I Love You Mom".

Saudi traditional music is quite limited, however. Music, however, is considered "sinful" by some Muslims. Samri is a popular traditional music and dance in Najd Region. Cinema of Saudi Arabia. The cinema of Saudi Arabia is comparatively small, producing only a few feature films and documentaries each year.

Cinema of Saudi Arabia

Although there are no cinemas in the kingdom, many Saudis watch films via satellite, DVD and video. Keif al-Hal? Women's rights in Saudi Arabia. Women's rights in Saudi Arabia are defined by Sunni Islam and tribal customs.

Women's rights in Saudi Arabia

The Arabian peninsula is the ancestral home of patriarchal, nomadic tribes, in which separation of women and men and namus (honour) are considered central.[4] Women were previously forbidden from voting or being elected to political office, but King Abdullah declared that women will be able to vote and run in the 2015 local elections, as well as be appointed to the Consultative Assembly.[5] Saudi Arabia is the only country in the world that prohibits women from driving. The World Economic Forum 2009 Global Gender Gap Report ranked Saudi Arabia 130th out of 134 countries for gender parity. Womens rights in Saudi Arabia. Education in Saudi Arabia. When Saudi Arabia formally became a nation in 1932, education was largely limited to instruction for a select few in Islamic schools.

Education in Saudi Arabia

Today, public education—from primary education through college—is open to every Saudi citizen. Education management system[edit] Education in Saudi Arabia. Public holidays in Saudi Arabia.