Culture of Ireland. Irish literature. Irish literature comprises writings in the Irish, Latin, Ulster Scots and English languages on the island of Ireland.
For a comparatively small island, Ireland has made a disproportionately large contribution to world literature.  The earliest recorded Irish writing dates from the seventh century and was produced by monks writing in both Latin and Early Irish. In addition to scriptural writing, the monks of Ireland recorded both poetry and mythological tales. There is a large surviving body of Irish mythological writing, including tales such as The Táin and Mad King Sweeny.
During the medieval, period there was a strong Bardic culture, in which professional literati had high status as panegyrists, historians and poets. Literature. Music and dance. Irish dance. Irish dancers in modern, brightly coloured costumes, wearing makeup and ringleted wigs.
This recent fashion, although now prevalent at competitions worldwide, is American in origin. Irish dancers at an Irish Dance Festival in New York City Irish dancing or Irish dance is a group of traditional dance forms originating in Ireland which can broadly be divided into social dance and performance dances. It is a Great sport. Irish social dances can be divided further into céilí and set dancing.
Irish dancing, popularized in 1994 by the world-famous show Riverdance, is notable for its rapid leg and foot movements, body and arms being kept largely stationary. Most competitive dances are solo dances, though many stepdancers also perform and compete using céilí dances. Music of Ireland. The bodhrán, a traditional Irish drum.
Irish Music is music that has been created in various genres on the island of Ireland. The indigenous music of the island is termed Irish traditional music. It has remained vibrant through the 20th, and into the 21st century, despite globalizing cultural forces. In spite of emigration and a well-developed connection to music influences from Britain and the United States, Irish music has kept many of its traditional aspects and has itself influenced many forms of music, such as country and roots music in the USA, which in turn have had some influence on modern rock music. It has occasionally been fused with rock and roll, punk and rock and other genres. Architecture of Ireland. Christ Church Cathedral founded c.1030.
The architecture of Ireland is one of the most visible features in the Irish countryside – with remains from all eras since the Stone Age abounding. Ireland is famous for its ruined and intact Norman and Anglo-Irish castles, small whitewashed thatched cottages and Georgian urban buildings. What are unaccountably somewhat less famous are the still complete palladian and rococo country houses which can be favourably compared to anything similar in northern Europe, and the country's many Gothic and neo-Gothic cathedrals and buildings.
Architecture. Sport in Ireland. The many sports played and followed in Ireland also include horse racing, show jumping, greyhound racing, basketball, fishing, handball, motor sport, target shooting and tennis. At the Olympic Games, a person from Northern Ireland can choose to represent either Ireland or Great Britain.
 Also as Northern Ireland is a constitute nation of the United Kingdom it also sends a Northern Ireland Team to the Commonwealth Games. Sports.
Society. Abortion in the Republic of Ireland. Abortion in Ireland is illegal unless it occurs as the result of a medical intervention performed to save the life of the mother. The availability of abortion services can be even more restricted in the absence of a readily available method of determining the circumstances in which an abortion might be lawfully obtained. Abortion is a controversial issue in Irish politics and five national referendums have been held on the topic in the last 30 years.
In 2013, Ireland passed a new law allowing abortion under certain circumstances. On 30 July 2013, President Michael D. Higgins signed off on the Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act 2013 without referring it to the Supreme Court after meeting his advisers, the Council of State. The new law provides for a woman's right to an abortion if her life is at risk, including from suicide. As of 2010[update], the abortion rate was 4.5 abortions per 1000 women aged 15-44 years. History Law 58. Public opinion References LGBT rights in the Republic of Ireland.
"LGBT rights in Ireland" redirects here.
For LGBT rights in Northern Ireland, see LGBT rights in the United Kingdom. Today, attitudes in Ireland towards lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people are among the more liberal in Europe. However, sexual minorities still face some legal challenges. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity is legal in the state. Government recognition of LGBT rights in Ireland expanded greatly over the past two decades. A 2013 survey showed that 73% of Irish people agreed that "same sex marriage should be allowed in the Constitution". Earlier, a 2008 survey showed that 84% of Irish people support civil marriage or civil partnerships for same-sex couples, with 58% supporting full marriage rights in registry offices.
Category:National symbols of Ireland. State symbols.