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Culture and peoples of Eastern Eurasia

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Atayal people. This article is about an ethnic group in Taiwan.

Atayal people

For their language, see Atayal language. An Atayal tribal woman with tattoo on her face as a symbol of maturity, which was a tradition for both males and females. The custom was prohibited during Japanese rule. Yukaghir people. This article is about the people called Yukaghir.

Yukaghir people

For the rural settlement in the Sakha Republic, see Yukagir. The Yukaghir, or Yukagir (Russian: юкаги́ры; self-designation: одул (odul), деткиль (detkil)) are a people in East Siberia, living in the basin of the Kolyma River. Genetically, Yukaghirs have 31 % of parental Haplogroup C-M217 (C3), which is dominant among Mongolian and Evenk-Tungusic peoples.

Nivkh people. The Nivkh (also Nivkhs, Nivkhi, or Gilyak; ethnonym: Nivxi; language, нивхгу - Nivxgu) are an indigenous ethnic group inhabiting the northern half of Sakhalin Island and the region of the Amur River estuary in Russia's Khabarovsk Krai.

Nivkh people

Nivkh were mainly fishermen, hunters, and dog breeders. The Nivkh were semi-nomadic living near the coasts in the summer and wintering inland along streams and rivers to catch salmon. Ainu people. The Ainu (Japanese: アイヌ?)

Ainu people

, also called Aynu, Aino (アイノ?) , and in historical texts Ezo (蝦夷?) , are an indigenous people in Japan (Hokkaido) and Russia (Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands). Historically, they spoke Ainu and related varieties. Most of those who identify themselves as Ainu still live in this same region, though the exact number of living Ainu is unknown. History[edit] Japanese people. The Japanese people (日本人, Nihonjin, Nipponjin?)

Japanese people

Are an ethnic group native to Japan.[22][23][24][25][26] Japanese make up 98.5% of the total population.[27] Worldwide, approximately 130 million people are of Japanese descent; of these, approximately 127 million are residents of Japan. People of Japanese ancestry who live in other countries are referred to as nikkeijin (日系人?). The term ethnic Japanese may also be used in some contexts to refer to a locus of ethnic groups including the Yamato, Ainu, and Ryukyuan people. Language[edit] The Japanese language is a Japonic language that is treated as a language isolate; it is also related to the Ryukyuan languages, and both are sometimes suggested to be part of the proposed Altaic language family. Religion[edit] Japanese religion has traditionally been syncretic in nature, combining elements of Buddhism and Shinto. Most Japanese people (84% to 96%)[29][30][31] profess to believe in both Shinto and Buddhism. Manchu people. The Manchu [note 1] (Manchu: ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ; Möllendorff: manju; simplified Chinese: 满族; traditional Chinese: 滿族; pinyin: Mǎnzú; Wade–Giles: Man3-tsu2) are a Chinese ethnic minority and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.[12] They are often known as red tasseled Manchus (Manchu: ᡶᡠᠯᡤᡳᠶᠠᠨ ᠰᠣᡵᠰᠣᠨ ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ; Möllendorff: fulgiyan sorson manju; 红缨满洲), a reference to the ornamentation on traditional Manchu hats.[13][14] Manchus form the largest branch of the Tungusic people and are distributed throughout China, forming the fourth largest ethnic group in that country.[1] They can be found in 31 Chinese provincial regions.

Manchu people

They also form the largest minority group in China without an autonomous region. Among them, Liaoning has the largest population and Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia and Beijing has over 100,000 Manchu residents. About half of the population live in Liaoning province and one-fifth in Hebei province. History[edit] Origins and early history[edit] Han Chinese. The Han Chinese are an ethnic group native to East Asia.

Han Chinese

They constitute approximately 92% of the population of Mainland China, 94% of the population of Hong Kong, 95% of the population of Macau, 98% of the population of Taiwan, 74% of the population of Singapore, 24.5% of the population of Malaysia, and about 19% of the entire global human population, making them the largest ethnic group in the world. There is considerable genetic, linguistic, cultural, and social diversity among the Han, mainly due to thousands of years of immigration and assimilation of various regional ethnicities and tribes within China.[19] The Han Chinese are a subset of the Chinese nation (Zhonghua minzu).

Sometimes Han and other Chinese refer to themselves as the "Descendants of the Yan and Huang Emperors". Terms and etymology[edit] Prior to the Han Dynasty, Chinese scholars used the term as "Huaxia people" (華夏族, interpreted to mean "civilized society"), citing[who?] Distribution[edit] Koreans. The Korean people are an ethnic group originating in the Korean peninsula and Manchuria.[8] Etymology[edit] South Koreans call themselves Hanguk-in (Korean: 한국인; Hanja: 韓國人), or simply Han-in (Korean: 한인; Hanja: 韓人; literally "great people"), or they refer themselves as Hanguk-saram (Korean: 한국 사람).


North Koreans call themselves Chosŏn-in (Korean: 조선인) or Chosŏn-saram (Korean: 조선 사람). Ethnic Koreans living in Central Asia refer to themselves Koryo-saram (Korean: 고려 사람; Cyrillic: Корё сарам). Origins[edit] Linguistic and archaeological studies[edit] Koreans are the descendants of the peoples of Korean Peninsula, often said to be Altaic-[9][10] or proto-Altaic[11]-speaking tribes. Genetic studies[edit] Negeri Sembilan. Negeri Sembilan (Malay pronunciation: [ˈnəgəri səmbiˈlan]), one of Malaysia's thirteen states, lies on the western coast of Peninsular Malaysia, just south of Kuala Lumpur and borders Selangor on the north, Pahang in the east, and Malacca and Johor to the south.

Negeri Sembilan

The name is believed to derive from the nine (sembilan) villages or nagari in the Minangkabau language (now known as luak) settled by the Minangkabau, a people originally from West Sumatra (in present-day Indonesia). Minangkabau features are still visible today in traditional architecture and the dialect of Malay spoken.

Vedda people. Veddas (Sinhala: වැද්දා [ˈvædːaː], Tamil: வேடுவர் Vēṭuvar) are an indigenous people of Sri Lanka, an island in the Indian Ocean.

Vedda people

They, amongst other self-identified native communities such as Coast Veddas and Anuradhapura Veddas, are accorded indigenous status. According to the genesis chronicle of the majority Sinhala people, the Mahavansha ("Great Chronicle"), written in the 5th century CE, the Pulindas believed to refer to Veddas are descended from Prince Vijaya (6th–5th century BCE), the founding father of the Sinhalese nation, through Kuveni, a woman of the indigenous Yakkha he married. The Mahavansa relates that following the repudiation of Kuveni by Vijaya, in favour of a Kshatriya-caste princess from Pandya, their two children, a boy and a girl, departed to the region of Sumanakuta (Adam's Peak in the Ratnapura District), where they multiplied, giving rise to the Veddas. Malagasy people. Distribution of Malagasy ethnic groups. The difference in ethnic origins remains somewhat evident between the highland and coastal regions.

In addition to the ethnic distinction between highland and coastal Malagasy, one may speak of a political distinction as well. Andamanese people. Two Great Andamanese men, circa. 1875. Nicobarese languages. The Nicobarese or Nicobaric languages form an isolated group of half a dozen closely related Austroasiatic languages, spoken by the majority of the inhabitants of the Nicobar Islands of India. They have a total of about 30,000 speakers (22,100 native). Semang. A Semang (picture published in 1906) The Semang are a Negrito ethnic group of the Malay Peninsula.

Lowland Semang tribes are also known as Sakai, although this term is considered to be derogatory by the Semang people.[1] They are probably the indigenous peoples of this area. [citation needed] They have been recorded to have lived here since before the 200s Common Era (CE). They are ethnologically described as nomadic hunter-gatherers.[2] Culture[edit] The Semangs live in caves or leaf-shelters that form between branches.

Scarification is practised. They have bamboo musical instruments, a kind of jaw harp, and a nose flute. Thai people. The Thai people, formerly known as Siamese are the main ethnic group of Thailand and are part of the larger Tai ethnolinguistic peoples found in Thailand and adjacent countries in Southeast Asia as well as southern China. Their language is the Thai language, which exists in different regional variants,[13] and is classified as part of the Tai–Kadai family of languages, and the majority of Thai are followers of Theravada Buddhism. "Thai people" usually includes Central and Southern Thai (Siamese proper, or Tai Siam[14][15][16][17][18]), Northern Thai (Lanna) and Isan people.[19][20]

Bamar people. The Bamar or Burmans (Burmese: ဗမာလူမျိုး; MLCTS: ba. ma lu myui:; IPA: [bəmà lùmjó]) are the dominant ethnic group of Burma (Myanmar), constituting approximately two-thirds of the population. Mara people. Garo people. A Garo couple in traditional dress The Garos are indigenous people in Meghalaya, India and neighboring areas of Bangladesh like Mymensingh, Netrokona and Sylhet, who call themselves A·chik Mande (literally "hill people," from a·chik "hill" + mande "people") or simply A·chik or Mande.[1] They are the second-largest tribe in Meghalaya after the Khasi and comprise about a third of the local population. Lepcha people. Yi people. Khalkha Mongols. Kazakhs. Burusho people. The Burusho or Brusho people live in the Hunza and Yasin valleys of Gilgit–Baltistan in northern Pakistan.[3] They are predominantly Muslims.

Their language, Burushaski, has not been shown to be related to any other.[4] Hunza[edit] Uttar Pradesh. Uttar Pradesh /ˈʊtər prəˈdɛʃ/ (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu: اتر پردیش‎ lit. "Northern Province"), abbr. UP, is a state located in northern India. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. Santhal people. Santal. Toda people. Gondi people. Punjabi people. Basseri. Nenets people.

Ethnic groups in Laos

Vietnamese peoples.