Culture of Nigeria. The Nigerian culture is shaped by Nigeria's multiple ethnic groups.
The country has over 521 languages and over 250 dialects and ethnic groups. The three largest ethnic groups are the Hausa-Fulani who are predominant in the north, the Igbo who are predominant in the southeast, and the Yoruba who are predominant in the southwest. The Edo people are predominant in the region between Yorubaland and Igboland. Much of the Edo tend to be Christian while the remaining 25 percent worship deities called Ogu. This group is followed by the Ibibio/Annang/Efik people of the coastal southeastern Nigeria and the Ijaw of the Niger Delta. The rest of Nigeria's ethnic groups (sometimes called 'minorities') are found all over the country but especially in the middle belt and north. Nigeria is famous for its English language literature, apart from the 'pure' English speaking population, Nigerian pidgin (which uses a primary English lexicon) is also a common lingua franca.
See also Nigerian literature. Nigeria has produced many prolific writers.
Many have won accolades for their work, including Daniel O. Fagunwa, Chinua Achebe, Wole Soyinka, Femi Osofisan, Ken Saro-Wiwa, Cyprian Ekwensi, Buchi Emecheta, Elechi Amadi and Ben Okri. Critically acclaimed writers of a younger generation include Chris Abani, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Sefi Atta, Helon Habila, Helen Oyeyemi, Nnedi Okorafor, Kachi A. Ozumba, Sarah Ladipo Manyika, Chika Unigwe, Ayo Sogunro, and Wol-vriey. See also List of Nigerian writers External links Literature. Music and film. Music of Nigeria. The music of Nigeria includes many kinds of Folk and popular music, some of which are known worldwide.
Styles of folk music are related to the multitudes of ethnic groups in the country, each with their own techniques, instruments, and songs. Little is known about the country's music history prior to European contact, although bronze carvings dating back to the 16th and 17th centuries have been found depicting musicians and their instruments. The largest ethnic groups are the Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba. Traditional music from Nigeria and throughout Africa is almost always functional; in other words, it is performed to mark a ritual such as a wedding or funeral and not for pure entertainment or artistic enjoyment. Although some Nigerians, especially children and the elderly, play instruments for their own amusement, solo performance is otherwise rare.
The issue of musical composition is also highly variable. Cinema of Nigeria. The cinema of Nigeria (referred to informally as Nollywood) is the Nigerian film industry which grew quickly in the 1990s and 2000s to become the second largest film industry in the world in number of annual film productions, placing it ahead of the United States and behind only Indian cinema. The Nigerian film industry is worth NG₦522 billion (US$3.5 billion) as at 2008 and produces over one hundred home videos and films per annum. The value is likely to further increase when Nigeria's national data rebasing is carried out.
The current Nigeria's GDP is the calculated estimate from 1990, before the boom in Nollywood and some other sectors like telecommunications. Nigerian cinema is Africa's largest movie industry in terms value and the number of movies produced per year. Festivals in Nigeria. Horseman at Kano Durbar (2006) There are many Festivals in Nigeria, some of which date to the period before the arrival of the major religions in this ethnically and culturally diverse society.
The main Muslim and Christian festivals are often celebrated in ways that are unique to Nigeria or unique to the people of a locality. The Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation has been working with the states to upgrade the traditional festivals, which may become important sources of tourism revenue. Muslim festivals About half of the population of Nigeria adhere to the Muslim religion, with Muslims living throughout the country but particularly in the north.50% are Muslims 40% are Christians and 10% percent are other practiced religions  There are three main Muslim festivals, Eid Al Fitri, Eid Al Maulud and Eid Al Kabir, all national public holidays. The different ethnic groups in different locations have different traditions for celebrating these festivals.
Nigerian cuisine. Location of Nigeria Homemade meat pie with beef and vegetables Beef suya wrapped in plastic Nigerian cuisine consists of dishes or food items from the hundreds of ethnic groups that comprise the West African nation of Nigeria.
Like other West African cuisines, it uses spices and herbs in conjunction with palm oil or groundnut oil to create deeply flavoured sauces and soups often made very hot with chili peppers. Nigerian feasts are colourful and lavish, while aromatic market and roadside snacks cooked on barbecues or fried in oil are plentiful and varied. Entrees Rice-based Coconut rice is a rice dish made with coconut milkJollof rice is a rice-based food, made up with a range of spices, tomato onions.Fried Rice is a tasty rice dish made with rice, vegetable oil, cow liver, carrots and seasoning.
Bean-based Meat Meat is used in most Nigerian dishes. Suya is a meat kebab coated with groundnuts (peanuts) and chili pepper and other local spices. Cuisine. Sports.