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Culture of Japan

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Sports in Japan. Culture of Japan. The culture of Japan has evolved greatly over the millennia, from the country's prehistoric Jōmon period, to its contemporary modern culture, which absorbs influences from Asia, Europe, and North America.

Culture of Japan

The inhabitants of Japan experienced a long period of relative isolation from the outside world during the Tokugawa shogunate after Japanese missions to Imperial China, until the arrival of "The Black Ships" and the Meiji period. Japanese language[edit] Japanese is the official and primary language of Japan. Japanese is relatively small but has a lexically distinct pitch-accent system. Japanese popular culture. Japanese popular culture not only reflects the attitudes and concerns of the present but also provides a link to the past.

Japanese popular culture

Japanese cinema, cuisine, television programs, anime, manga, and music all developed from older artistic and literary traditions, and many of their themes and styles of presentation can be traced to traditional art forms. Contemporary forms of popular culture, much like the traditional forms, provide not only entertainment but also an escape for the contemporary Japanese from the problems of an industrial world.

When asked how they spent their leisure time, 80 percent of a sample of men and women surveyed by the government in 1986 said they averaged about two and one-half hours per weekday watching television, listening to the radio, and reading Japanese newspapers or magazines. Some 16 percent spent an average of two and one-quarter hours a day engaged in hobbies or amusements. Others spent leisure time participating in sports, socializing, and personal study. Culture in Japan. Japanese folklore. Japanese folklore answers to the term minkan denshō (民間伝承, "transmissions among the folk"?)

Japanese folklore

And its the study of folkloristics or minzokugaku (民俗学?). Folklorists also employ the term minzoku shiryō (民俗資料?) Or "folklore material" (民俗資料) to refer to objects and arts they study. Folk religion[edit] Namahage exhibit display A parallel custom is the secretive Akamata-Kuromata(ja) ritual of the Yaeyama Islands, Okinawa which does not allow itself to be photographed.[2][3] Many, though increasingly fewer households maintain a kamidana or a small Shinto altar shelf.[4] The Shinto version of the kitchen god is the Kamado kami (かまど神?) Japanese popular cults or kō (講?)

There is a long list of practices performed to ward evil (yakuyoke (厄除け?)) No one now engages in the silent vigil required by the Kōshin cult, but it might be noted that this cult has been associated with the iconic three See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil monkeys.[9] Japanese architecture. Japanese architecture (日本建築, Nihon kenchiku?)

Japanese architecture

Has traditionally been typified by wooden structures, elevated slightly off the ground, with tiled or thatched roofs. Sliding doors (fusuma) were used in place of walls, allowing the internal configuration of a space to be customized for different occasions.

Art in Japan

Japanese literature. Early works of Japanese literature were heavily influenced by cultural contact with China and Chinese literature, often written in Classical Chinese.

Japanese literature

Indian literature also had an influence through the diffusion of Buddhism in Japan. Eventually, Japanese literature developed into a separate style in its own right as Japanese writers began writing their own works about Japan, although the influence of Chinese literature and Classical Chinese remained until the end of the Edo period. Since Japan reopened its ports to Western trading and diplomacy in the 19th century, Western and Eastern literature have strongly affected each other and continue to do so. History[edit] Japanese Literature can be divided into four main periods: ancient, classical, medieval and modern. Ancient literature (until 794)[edit] Before the introduction of kanji from China, Japanese had no writing system. Classical literature (794–1185)[edit] Medieval literature (1185–1603)[edit] Early-modern literature (1603–1868)[edit]

Literature in Japan. Japanese poetry. Edition of the Kokin Wakashū anthology of classic Japanese poetry with wood-carved cover, 18th century.

Japanese poetry

Japanese poetry forms[edit] Kanshi[edit] Waka[edit] Tanka[edit] Tanka are poems written in Japanese with five lines having a 5-7-5-7-7 metre. Collaborative verse[edit] Illustration of the "32 Persons of Different Occupations Poetry Competition", 1494 Much traditional Japanese poetry was written as the result of a process of 2 or more poets contributing verses to a larger whole piece, such as in the case of the renga form. Japanese cuisine. Japanese cuisine is the food—ingredients, preparation and way of eating—of Japan.

Japanese cuisine

The traditional food of Japan is based on rice with miso soup and other dishes, each in its own utensil, with an emphasis on seasonal ingredients. The side dishes often consist of fish, pickled vegetables, and vegetables cooked in broth. Cuisine in Japan. Kaiseki. Kaiseki consists of a sequence of dishes, each often small and artistically arranged Kaiseki (懐石?)

Kaiseki

Or kaiseki-ryōri (懐石料理?) Is a traditional multi-course Japanese dinner. The term also refers to the collection of skills and techniques that allow the preparation of such meals, and are analogous to Western haute cuisine.[1] There are basically two kinds of traditional Japanese meal styles called kaiseki or kaiseki-ryōri.

Origin[edit] The kanji characters 懐石 used to write kaiseki literally mean "stone in the bosom". Modern kaiseki draws on a number of traditional Japanese haute cuisines, notably the following four traditions: imperial court cuisine (有職料理, yūsoku ryōri?) Style[edit] Individual dishes are often small and carefully balanced. Sport in Japan. Sports in Japan are a significant part of Japanese culture.

Sport in Japan

Both traditional sports such as sumo and martial arts, and Western imports like baseball and association football, are popular with both participants and spectators. Sumo wrestling is considered Japan's national sport.