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Culture of Denmark

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Denmark, like its Scandinavian neighbours, has historically been one of the most socially progressive cultures in the world.

In 1969, Denmark was the first country to legalise pornography,[150] and in 2012, Denmark replaced its "registered partnership" laws, which it had been the first country to introduce in 1989,[151][152] with gender-neutral marriage.[153][154] Modesty, punctuality but above all equality are important aspects of the Danish way of life.[155]
The astronomical discoveries of Tycho Brahe (1546–1601), Ludwig A. Colding's (1815–88) neglected articulation of the principle of conservation of energy, and the brilliant contributions to atomic physics of Niels Bohr (1885–1962) indicate the range of Danish scientific achievement. The fairy tales of Hans Christian Andersen (1805–1875), the philosophical essays of Søren Kierkegaard (1813–55), the short stories of Karen Blixen (penname Isak Dinesen), (1885–1962), the plays of Ludvig Holberg (1684–1754), and the dense, aphoristic poetry of Piet Hein (1905–96), have earned international recognition, as have the symphonies of Carl Nielsen (1865–1931). From the mid-1990s, Danish films have attracted international attention, especially those associated with Dogme 95 like those of Lars von Trier.

Culture of Denmark. Culture and the arts thrive as a result of the proportionately high amount of government funding they receive, much of which is administered by local authorities so as to involve citizens directly.[1] Thanks to a system of grants, Danish artists are able to devote themselves to their work while museums, theatres, and the film institute receive national support.[2] Hygge[edit] Danish Christmas tree with homemade decorations Danish Christmas[edit] Juleaften (Danish for Christmas Eve) or Yule Eve starts around 6 p.m. when a traditional dinner is served.

Culture of Denmark

Culture of the Faroe Islands. Traditional Faroese houses with turf roof in Reyni, Tórshavn.

Culture of the Faroe Islands

Most people build larger houses now and with other types of roofs, but the turf roof is still popular in some places. This is one of the old smacks which is still in function, but now only for pleasure / cultural trips. Johanna TG 326 was built in Sussex, England in 1884, but was sold to the village Vágur in the Faroe Islands in 1894, where it was a fishing vessel until around 1972.

The smack was in a bad shape but restored in the 1980s.[1] The culture of the Faroe Islands has its roots in the Nordic culture. Law of Jante. The Law of Jante (Danish: Janteloven (Danish pronunciation: [ˈja̝nd̥əˌlo̞ʋˀən]); Norwegian: Jantelova or Janteloven (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈjantɛˌlɔ̹ːvɛn])); Swedish: Jantelagen (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈjantɛˌlɑːɡɛn])) is the idea that there is a pattern of group behaviour towards individuals within Scandinavian communities that negatively portrays and criticises individual success and achievement as unworthy and inappropriate.

Law of Jante

The Jante Law as a concept was created by the Dano-Norwegian author Aksel Sandemose.[1] In his novel A Fugitive Crosses His Tracks (En flyktning krysser sitt spor, 1933, English translation published in the USA in 1936) identified the Law of Jante as ten rules. Popular media. Cinema of Denmark. Denmark has been producing films since 1897 and since the 1980s has maintained a steady stream of product due largely to funding by the state-supported Danish Film Institute.

Cinema of Denmark

Historically, Danish films have been noted for their realism, religious and moral themes, sexual frankness and technical innovation. The Danish filmmaker Carl Th. Dreyer (1889–1968) is considered one of the greatest directors in the history of cinema. Other Danish filmmakers of note include Benjamin Christensen, who outside his native country directed several horror classics including Häxan (1922) and Seven Footprints to Satan (1929); Erik Balling, the creator of the popular Olsen-banden films; Gabriel Axel, an Oscar-winner for Babette's Feast in 1987; and Bille August, the Oscar-, Palme d'Or- and Golden Globe-winner for Pelle the Conqueror in 1988. History[edit] Television in Denmark. Television in Denmark was established in the 1950s and was run by a monopoly with only one channel available until the 1980s.

Television in Denmark

History[edit] The first television broadcasts in Denmark started on 2 October 1951. These were carried out by the national radio broadcaster Statsradiofonien and consisted of a one hour broadcast three times per week. The broadcasts were initially limited to a few hundred homes in the capital area. The first news programme, TV-Avisen, started in 1965. DR launched a satellite channel on 30 August 1996. The local television stations weren't allowed to network, which meant that two stations couldn't show one programme at the same time.

Music of Denmark. Origins[edit] The earliest traces of Danish music go back to the many twisting bronze-age horns or lurs found in various parts of Scandinavia but mostly in Denmark since the end of the 18th century which some experts have identified as musical instruments.[1][2] Codex Runicus: Denmark's oldest musical notation.

Music of Denmark

Architecture and design. Architecture of Denmark. The architecture of Denmark has its origins in the Viking period, richly revealed by archaeological finds.

Architecture of Denmark

It became firmly established in the Middle Ages when first Romanesque, then Gothic churches and cathedrals sprang up throughout the country. It was during this period that, in a country with little access to stone, brick became the construction material of choice, not just for churches but also for fortifications and castles. Danish design. Designers[edit] Among the most successful designers associated with the concept are Børge Mogensen (1914–72), Finn Juhl (1912–89), Hans Wegner (1914–2007), Arne Jacobsen (1902–71), Poul Kjærholm (1929–80), Poul Henningsen (1894–67) and Verner Panton (1926–98).[1] Other designers of note include Kristian Solmer Vedel (1923–2003) in the area of industrial design, Jens Harald Quistgaard (1919–2008) for kitchen furniture and implements, Gertrud Vasegaard (1913–2007) for ceramics, and Ole Wanscher (1903–85), who had a classical approach to furniture design.

Danish design

History[edit] Arne Jacobsen's Ant Chair, 1951. Literature and Philosophy. Danish literature. Danish literature, a subset of Scandinavian literature, stretches back to the Middle Ages.

Danish literature

Of special note across the centuries are the historian Saxo Grammaticus, the playwright Ludvig Holberg, the storyteller Hans Christian Andersen, the philosopher Søren Kierkegaard, and Karen Blixen who achieved worldwide fame with her autobiographical story Out of Africa. Among today's most successful authors are Leif Davidsen who writes gripping spy stories with a political extension, Bjarne Reuter with his intriguing novels for younger readers, Peter Høeg who gained international fame with Smilla's Sense of Snow and Jens Christian Grøndahl whose love stories with a psychological twist include "Silence in October" and "An Altered Light".

Danish philosophy. Danish philosophy has a long tradition as part of Western philosophy.

Danish philosophy

Perhaps the most influential Danish philosopher was Søren Kierkegaard, the creator of Christian existentialism, which inspired the philosophical movement of Existentialism. Kierkegaard had a few Danish followers, including Harald Høffding, who later in his life moved on to join the movement of positivism. Among Kierkegaard's other followers include Jean-Paul Sartre who was impressed with Kierkegaard's views on the individual, and Rollo May, who helped create humanistic psychology.

Art and Photography. Danish art. Christen Købke, View of Lake Sortedam, 1838. Photography in Denmark. Photography in Denmark has developed from strong participation and interest in the very beginnings of the art in 1839 to the success of a considerable number of Danes in the world of photography today. Pioneers such as Mads Alstrup and Georg Emil Hansen paved the way for a rapidly growing profession during the last half of the 19th century while both artistic and press photographers have made internationally recognized contributions.

Although Denmark was slow to accept photography as an art form, Danish photographers are now increasingly active, participating in key exhibitions around the world.[1][2] Among Denmark's most successful contemporary photographers are Jacob Aue Sobol, who gained recognition for captivating portraits of his Greenlandic girlfriend, and Per Bak Jensen, who introduced a new perspective to modern landscape photography. History[edit] Danish cuisine. Danish cuisine (Danish: det danske køkken), originating from the peasant population's own local produce, was enhanced by cooking techniques developed in the late 19th century and the wider availability of goods after the Industrial Revolution. The open sandwiches, known as smørrebrød, which in their basic form are the usual fare for lunch, can be considered a national speciality when prepared and decorated with a variety of fine ingredients.

Hot meals traditionally consist of ground meats, such as frikadeller (meat balls), or of more substantial meat and fish dishes such as flæskesteg (roast pork with crackling) or kogt torsk (poached cod) with mustard sauce and trimmings. Denmark is known for its Carlsberg and Tuborg beers and for its akvavit and bitters although imported wine is now gaining popularity. Danish chefs, inspired by continental practices, have in recent years developed an innovative series of gourmet dishes based on high-quality local produce. Cuisine. New Danish cuisine. The New Danish Cuisine is a component of the New Nordic Cuisine (Danish: Det nye nordiske køkken) which has been developed since 2004 in an attempt to promote natural produce as a basis for new dishes both in restaurants and in the home.

As a result, a number of Denmark's restaurants have introduced new ingredients combined with traditional foods prepared in new ways. New Nordic Cuisine[edit] Meeting in Copenhagen in 2005, the Nordic Council's agricultural and food ministers from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden and dependent territories gave their support to these developments, launching what they called the "new Nordic Food Programme". In 2006, this led to funding of EUR 3 million for a number of related activities.[1] Sport in Denmark. Sport is encouraged in school, and there are local sports clubs in all cities and most towns.