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Culture of China

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Chinese culture. Identity[edit] There are 56 officially recognized ethnic groups in China.

Chinese culture

In terms of numbers however, Han Chinese is by far the largest group.[3] Throughout history, many groups have merged into neighboring ethnicities or disappeared. At the same time, many within the Han identity have maintained distinct linguistic and regional cultural traditions. The term Zhonghua Minzu has been used to describe the notion of Chinese nationalism in general. [citation needed] Much of the traditional identity within the community has to do with distinguishing the family name. Regional[edit] Society[edit] Structure[edit] Since the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors period, some form of Chinese monarch has been the main ruler above all. However, this system did not cover all social groups while the distinctions between all groups became blurred ever since the commercialization of Chinese culture in the Song Dynasty (960–1279 CE).

Values[edit] Language[edit] The ancient written standard was Classical Chinese. Culture in China. Culture of the People's Republic of China. This article discusses the culture of the People's Republic of China.

Culture of the People's Republic of China

See also the culture of China, culture of Hong Kong, culture of Macau and culture of Taiwan. The culture of the People's Republic of China is a rich and varied blend of traditional Chinese culture with communist and other international modern and post-modern influences. During the Cultural Revolution, an enormous number of cultural treasures of inestimable value were seriously damaged or destroyed and the practice of many arts and crafts was prohibited. Since the early 1980s, however, official repudiation of those policies has been complemented by vigorous efforts to renew China's remarkable cultural traditions. China's culture thus remains highly complex, encompassing ancient traditions and modern experiments, in what sometimes appears to be a rather dynamic but tenuous mix. History[edit] Early years[edit] Cultural Revolution[edit] Post-Mao era[edit]

Chinese cuisine. Chinese cuisine includes styles originating from the diverse regions of China, as well as from Chinese people in other parts of the world.

Chinese cuisine

The history of Chinese cuisine in China stretches back for thousands of years and has changed from period to period and in each region according to climate, imperial fashions, and local preferences. Over time, techniques and ingredients from the cuisines of other cultures were integrated into the cuisine of the Chinese people due both to imperial expansion and from the trade with nearby regions in pre-modern times, and from Europe and the New World in the modern period. Styles and tastes also varied by class, region, and ethnic background.

This led to an unparalleled range of ingredients, techniques, dishes and eating styles in what could be called Chinese food, leading Chinese to pride themselves on eating a wide variety of foods while remaining true to the spirit and traditions of Chinese food culture. Cuisine in China. Sport in China. Although China has long been associated with the martial arts, sport in China today consists of a variety of competitive sports played in China, including mainland China, Hong Kong and Macau.

Sport in China

Traditional Chinese culture regards physical fitness as an important aspect, and, since the 20th century, a large number of sports activities, both Western and traditionally Chinese, are popular in China. The country has its own national quadrennial multi-sport event similar to the Olympic Games, the National Games of the People's Republic of China. Cuju, an ancient form of football from China History[edit] Dragon boat racing dates back about 2000 years ago and remains a traditional event held around China every year. China at the Olympics. Originally having participated in Olympics for delegation of Republic of China (ROC) from 1932 to 1948, China competed at the Olympic Games under the name of the People's Republic of China (PRC) for the first time in 1952, at the Summer Games in Helsinki, Finland, although they only arrived in time to participate in one event.[1] That year, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) allowed both the PRC and the Republic of China (which recently relocated to Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War) to compete, although the latter withdrew in protest.[1] Due to the dispute over the political status of China, the PRC did not participate in the Olympics again until the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, United States.[1] Their first appearance at the Summer Olympic Games after 1952 was the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, United States.[2]

China at the Olympics

Sports in China.