background preloader

Conflict resolution in politics

Facebook Twitter

In politics. Peace treaty. Elements of treaties[edit] A treaty's content usually depends on the nature of the conflict being concluded.

Peace treaty

In the case of large conflicts between numerous parties there may be one international treaty covering all issues or separate treaties signed between each party. There are many possible issues which may be included in a peace treaty. Some of these may be: Formal designation of borders.Processes for resolving future disputesAccess to and apportioning of resourcesStatus of refugeesSettling of existing debtsDefining of proscribed behaviorThe re-application of existing treaties In modern times certain intractable conflict situations may first be brought to a cease-fire and are then dealt with via a peace process where a number of discrete steps are taken on each side to eventually reach the mutually desired goal of peace and the signing of a treaty. Ceasefire. A truce – not a compromise, but a chance for high-toned gentlemen to retire gracefully from their very civil declarations of war.

Ceasefire

By Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly, February 17, 1877, p. 132. A ceasefire (or truce) is a temporary stoppage of a war in which each side agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions. Ceasefires may be declared as part of a formal treaty, but they have also been called as part of an informal understanding between opposing forces. An armistice is a formal agreement to end fighting. Historical examples[edit] World War I[edit] During World War I, on December 24, 1914, there was an unofficial ceasefire on the Western Front as France, the United Kingdom, and Germany observed Christmas. British and German officers after arranging the German handover of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp and the surrounding area, negotiated during a temporary truce, April 1945 Korean War[edit] On November 29, 1952, the newly U.S. president-elect Dwight D. Territory (country subdivision) Armed forces.

The armed forces of a country are its government-sponsored defence, fighting forces, and organizations.

Armed forces

They exist to further the foreign and domestic policies of their governing body and to defend that body and the nation it represents from external and internal aggressors. In broad usage, the terms "armed forces" and "military" are often treated synonymously, although in technical usage a distinction is sometimes made in which a country's armed forces may include both its military and other paramilitary forces.

Armed force is the use of armed forces to achieve political objectives. The study of the use of armed forces is called military science. Broadly speaking, this involves considering offense and defense at three "levels": strategy, operational art, and tactics. Organization[edit] In most countries the basis of the armed forces is the military, divided into basic military branches. Benefits and costs[edit] State (polity) A state is an organized community living under one government.[1] States may be sovereign.

State (polity)

The denomination state is also employed to federated states that are members of a federal union, which is the sovereign state.[1] Some states are subject to external sovereignty or hegemony where ultimate sovereignty lies in another state.[2] The state can also be used to refer to the secular branches of government within a state, often as a manner of contrasting them with churches and civilian institutions.

Many human societies have been governed by states for millennia, however for most of pre-history people lived in stateless societies. The first states arose about 10,000 years ago at the same time as agriculture, patriarchy, slavery, and organized religion. [citation needed] Over time, a variety of different forms developed, employing a variety of justifications for their existence (such as divine right, the theory of the social contract, etc.).

War. "Conflict zone" redirects here.

War

For the 2001 video game, see Conflict Zone. The War by Tadeusz Cyprian (1949), a photograph in the collection of the National Museum in Warsaw showing ruins of Warsaw's Napoleon Square in the aftermath of World War II. War is a state of armed conflict between societies. It is generally characterized by extreme collective aggression, destruction, and usually high mortality. An absence of war is usually called "peace". While some scholars see war as a universal and ancestral aspect of human nature,[1] others argue that it is only a result of specific socio-cultural or ecological circumstances.[2] Etymology The English word war derives from the late Old English (circa.1050) words wyrre and werre, from Old French werre (also guerre as in modern French), in turn from the Frankish *werra, ultimately deriving from the Proto-Germanic *werzō 'mixture, confusion'.

Types.