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Bioplastics

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Bioplastics are plastics derived from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable fats and oils, corn starch, or microbiota.

Bioplastic can be made from agricultural by-products and also from used plastic bottles and other containers using microorganisms.

Common plastics, such as fossil-fuel plastics (also called petrobased polymers), are derived from petroleum or natural gas.

Production of such plastics tends to require more fossil fuels and to produce more greenhouse gases than the production of biobased polymers (bioplastics). Some, but not all, bioplastics are designed to biodegrade. Biodegradable bioplastics can break down in either anaerobic or aerobic environments, depending on how they are manufactured. Bioplastics can be composed of starches, cellulose, biopolymers, and a variety of other materials. Bioplastic. Bioplastics are plastics derived from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable fats and oils, corn starch, pea starch[1] or microbiota.[2] Common plastics, such as fossil-fuel plastics, are derived from petroleum; these plastics rely more on fossil fuels and produce more greenhouse gas.

Bioplastic

Some, but not all, bioplastics are designed to biodegrade. Biodegradable bioplastics can break down in either anaerobic or aerobic environments, depending on how they are manufactured. There is a variety of materials that bioplastics can be composed of, including: starches, cellulose, or other biopolymers. Some common applications of bioplastics are packaging materials, dining utensils, food packaging, and insulation.[3] IUPAC definition. Applications.

Bioplastic types

Environmental impact. Market. Cost. Research and development. Testing procedures.