Prefectures of Japan. Prefectures of Japan The chief executive of each prefecture is a directly-elected governor (知事, chiji?).
Ordinances and budgets are enacted by a unicameral assembly (議会, gikai?) Whose members are elected for four-year terms. Under the current Local Autonomy Law, each prefecture is further divided into cities (市, shi?) And districts (郡, gun?) Background The West's use of "prefecture" to label these regions of Japan stems from 15th-century Portuguese explorers' and traders' use of "prefeitura" to describe the fiefdoms they encountered there.
Those fiefs were headed by a local warlord or family, and despite that those fiefs have long since been dismantled, merged, and reorganized numerous times over, and given legislative governance and oversight, the rough translation stuck. In 2003, then-Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi proposed that the government consolidate the current prefectures into about 10 regional states. Powers Japan is a unitary state. Types of prefecture List of regions of Japan. The regions of Japan are not official administrative units, but have been traditionally used as the regional division of Japan in a number of contexts. For instance, maps and geography textbooks divide Japan into the eight regions, weather reports usually give the weather by region, and many businesses and institutions use their home region as part of their name (Kinki Nippon Railway, Chūgoku Bank, Tōhoku University, etc.). While Japan has eight High Courts, their jurisdictions do not correspond to the eight regions below.
From north to south, the traditional regions are: Hokkaidō (the island of Hokkaidō and nearby islands, population: 5,507,456, largest city: Sapporo)Tōhoku region (northern Honshū, population: 9,335,088, largest city: Sendai)Kantō region (eastern Honshū, population: 42,607,376, largest city: Tokyo) Nanpō Islands: part of Tokyo MetropolisChūbu region (central Honshū, including Mt.
Cities of Japan. Cities of Japan A city (市, shi?)
Is a local administrative unit in Japan. Cities are ranked on the same level as towns (町, machi?) And villages (村, mura?) , with the difference that they are not a component of districts (郡, gun?). City status Article 8 of the Local Autonomy Law sets the following conditions for a municipality to be designated as a city: Population must generally be 50,000 or greater (原則として人口5万人以上)At least 60% of households must be established in a central urban area (中心市街地の戸数が全戸数の6割以上)At least 60% of households must be employed in commerce, industry or other urban occupations (商工業等の都市的業態に従事する世帯人口が全人口の6割以上)Any other conditions set by prefectural ordinance must be satisfied (他に当該都道府県の条例で定める要件を満たしていること) The designation is approved by the prefectural governor and the Minister for Internal Affairs.
A city can theoretically be demoted to a town or village when it fails to meet any of these conditions, but such a demotion has not happened to date. Status of Tokyo List of towns in Japan. A town (町; chō or machi) is a local administrative unit in Japan.
It is a local public body along with prefecture (ken or other equivalents), city (shi), and village (mura). Geographically, a town is contained within a prefecture. Note that the same word (町; machi or chō) is also used in names of smaller regions, usually a part of a ward in a city. This is a legacy of when smaller towns were formed on the outskirts of a city, only to eventually merge into it. Hokkaidō Hokkaidō Prefecture Sorachi Subprefecture Ishikari Subprefecture Tōbetsu (Ishikari District) Shiribeshi Subprefecture Iburi Subprefecture Hidaka Subprefecture Oshima Subprefecture Hiyama Subprefecture
Villages of Japan. A village (村, mura?
, sometimes son) is a local administrative unit in Japan. It is a local public body along with prefecture (県, ken? , or other equivalents), city (市, shi?) , and town (町, chō?