wushu | budo
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.. It is generally believed that the art of Karate-Do can be traced back to sixth century China.
Karate ( 空手 ? ) ( pron.: / k ə ˈ r ɑː t iː / ; Japanese pronunciation: [kaɽate] (
Dai Nippon Butoku Kai (DNBK) 大日本武徳会 (lit.
Budō ( 武道 ?
Kalari or Kalaripayattu of ancient India is the world’s oldest martial arts.
India is home to a variety of fighting styles . In Sanskrit they may be collectively referred to as śastravidyā or dhanurvidya .
The word Kalari means "threshing floor" or "battlefield" in Tamil and Malayalam .
Ju Jitsu. Read its origin: Although the origin of Jujitsu is not clear, and no fixed date of its first appearance can be ascertained, there is no doubt that it is a purely Japanese art.
Although the earliest evidence of martial arts comes from ancient China , the true roots of martial arts is difficult to reconstruct.
The martial art of boxing was practiced in the ancient Thera
Historical European martial arts (HEMA) refers to martial arts of European origin, particularly using arts formerly practised, but having since died out or evolved into very different forms. While there is limited surviving documentation of the martial arts of Classical Antiquity (such as Ancient Greek wrestling or Gladiatorial combat), surviving dedicated technical treatises or combat manuals date to the Late Middle Ages and the Early Modern period . For this reason, the focus of HEMA is de facto on the period of the half-millennium of ca. 1300 to 1800, with a German and an Italian school flowering in the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance (14th to 16th centuries), followed by Spanish , French , English and Scottish schools of fencing in the modern period (17th and 18th centuries).
Late 19th-century photograph of a Japanese yamabushi fully robed and equipped, armed with a naginata and tachi .
Chinese martial arts , popularly referred to as kung fu or gung fu (Chinese: 功夫 ; pinyin: gōngfu ), and also by the Mandarin Chinese term wushu ( simplified Chinese : 武术 ; traditional Chinese : 武術 ; pinyin : wǔshù ), are a number of fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China . These fighting styles are often classified according to common traits, identified as "families" (家, jiā), "sects" (派, pài) or "schools" (門, mén) of martial arts.
The National Library of Canada provides an authorized mirror of this e-publication. The base document, however, is the one at http://ejmas.com/kronos . Most recent update: December 2004.