Download: Nietzsche and the Post-Modern Condition (1991) Lecture 4: The Death of God Transcript: In this lecture I want to pick up on my discussion of “On the Genealogy of Morals” by Nietzsche and return our argument concerning the value of our values, the origins of our ethical judgements and so on, and look at the question of – as I stated in the opening lecture – the paradoxical situation that our morality may, oddly enough, have an immoral origin. And so this is the argument to which we will return. One of the points I didn’t make about the genealogical method in the last lecture, I want to make now and it’s very important. When we look genealogically at “The Greeks” as a type, or Christianity; Nietzsche uses a kind of typology where we don’t look for who speaks in a document, but for as it were, what motivates the speaker behind the document. 204 Nietzsche: The Death of God (1991) - Rick Roderick
This book is a collection of generative projects: projects where our goal is the discovery of a new design, refining a novel invention, uncovering a solution to an unsolved puzzle, or some other sort of inspirational and unexpected surprise. We'll use techniques and algorithms from the field of AI called Genetic Programming to work through these projects. You may have heard about Genetic Programming, and about "invention machines" that can produce "human-competitive results" "automatically" using "artificial intelligence". That admirable research program is exciting and well-intentioned. But as I said our goal here is actually solving problems, so we're going to use tools and algorithms from Genetic Programming in ways that researchers and practitioners in Genetic Programming definitely don't approve of. I know—I've been one for nearly 20 years, and trust me when I say we're doing something different here. Answer Factories by William Tozier [Leanpub PDF/iPad/Kindle]
Self-experimentation as a source of new ideas: Ten examples about sleep, mood, health, and weight Peer Reviewed Title: Self-experimentation as a source of new ideas: Ten examples about sleep, mood, health, and weight Author:
Note: The entire essay is here in postscript format. By Michael A. Nielsen July 2004 Principles of Effective Research
Where Am I? Excerpt from Brainstorms: Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology by Daniel C. Dennett. Copyright (I) 1978 by Bradford Books. instruct.westvalley.edu/lafave/where_am_i.html
SEMs - methods@manchester: research methods in the social sciences Structural Equation Models (SEMs) are statistical models, used primarily to evaluate whether theoretical models are plausible when compared to observed data. SEMs are very general, so for example regression and factor analysis are both just special cases of SEM. Theory in the social sciences tends to be rich and complex, where multiple outcomes are seen as the result of multiple interacting factors and chains of mediation. Standard regression analysis cannot represent such theories in a single model, forcing the researcher to evaluate only partial or constrained models. SEMs allow for the representation of complex theory in a single, integrated model. SEM allows researchers to take seriously the problems of modelling hypothetical constructs.
Lecture to the memory of Alfred Nobel, December 11, 1974 The Pretence of Knowledge The particular occasion of this lecture, combined with the chief practical problem which economists have to face today, have made the choice of its topic almost inevitable. On the one hand the still recent establishment of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science marks a significant step in the process by which, in the opinion of the general public, economics has been conceded some of the dignity and prestige of the physical sciences. Friedrich August von Hayek - Prize Lecture
Sixteen Influence Strategies: Marwell & Schmitt This is Marwell & Schmitt's Taxonomy of 16 influence tactics. It's a "classic" taxonomy (from 1967) that inspired a lot of subsequent research, writing, and thinking about the topic of influence. It is still used in modern research as a starting point. Other taxonomies have come up with similar categories, enhancing the "classic" status of the Marwell & Schmitt taxonomy.
In economics, the Dutch disease is the apparent relationship between the increase in exploitation of natural resources and a decline in the manufacturing sector (or agriculture). The mechanism is that an increase in revenues from natural resources (or inflows of foreign aid) will make a given nation's currency stronger compared to that of other nations (manifest in an exchange rate), resulting in the nation's other exports becoming more expensive for other countries to buy, making the manufacturing sector less competitive. While it most often refers to natural resource discovery, it can also refer to "any development that results in a large inflow of foreign currency, including a sharp surge in natural resource prices, foreign assistance, and foreign direct investment". The term was coined in 1977 by The Economist to describe the decline of the manufacturing sector in the Netherlands after the discovery of a large natural gas field in 1959. Model Dutch disease
[0909.4043] The Evolution of Overconfidence
Ivan Illich (/ɪˈvɑːn ˈɪlɪtʃ/; 4 September 1926 – 2 December 2002) was an Austrian philosopher, Roman Catholic priest, and "maverick social critic" of the institutions of contemporary Western culture and their effects on the provenance and practice of education, medicine, work, energy use, transportation, and economic development. Personal life
Countries around the world have tried many tactics to encourage people to vote, from easier access to polling stations to mandatory registration. But Christopher Bryan from Stanford University has found a startlingly simple weapon for increasing voter turnout – the noun. Through a simple linguistic tweak, he managed to increase the proportion of voters in two groups of Americans by at least 10 percentage points. During the 2008 presidential election, Bryan recruited 34 Californians who were eligible to vote but hadn’t registered yet. The power of nouns – tiny word change increases voter turnout | Not Exactly Rocket Science
Big History or Big Theory? Uncovering the Laws of Life What is the point of big history? There are two possibilities. It can be employed – in the way much scholarly work is – as a form of intellectual entertainment; or, alternatively, as a basis for constructing big theory. Why big theory?
Sociaal filosoof[bewerken] Theodor W. Adorno profileerde zich al vroeg als socioloog. Theodor Adorno
SCHOPENHAUER'S 38 STRATAGEMS, OR 38 WAYS TO WIN AN ARGUMENT Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860), was a brilliant German philosopher. These 38 Stratagems are excerpts from "The Art of Controversy", first translated into English and published in 1896. Schopenhauer's 38 ways to win an argument are:
The Strength of Weak Ties