Zoology & Animal behaviour

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History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places. Chimps show empathy by mimicking pupil size - life - 22 August 2014. Chimpanzees and humans may share the same ability to empathise with other individuals by involuntarily matching their pupil size.

Chimps show empathy by mimicking pupil size - life - 22 August 2014

The mimicry only appears to work between two humans or between two chimpanzees but not between species, suggesting the signalling reinforces social bonds within species. We already know that pupils change shape in response to a new, unfamiliar target: they tend to constrict initially and, after a fraction of a second, readjust and dilate. There's evidence that human pupils dilate more rapidly while adjusting if their owner is interacting with another human whose pupils are also dilating. What Bird Has the Coolest Song? Baroque-Era Drawings Reveal Early Ideas About Evolution. So It Turns Out That Monkeys Are Pretty Good At Doing Math. Octopuses Gain Consciousness (According to Scientists’ Declaration) Octopus uses empty shells to hide; image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons/Nick Hobgood Elephants cooperate to solve problems.

Octopuses Gain Consciousness (According to Scientists’ Declaration)

Chimpanzees teach youngsters to make tools. Even octopuses seem to be able to plan. So should we humans really be surprised that “consciousness” probably does not only exist in us? Bonobo genius makes stone tools like early humans did - life - 21 August 2012. Video: Watch this bonobo go to all ends to get food Kanzi the bonobo continues to impress.

Bonobo genius makes stone tools like early humans did - life - 21 August 2012

Not content with learning sign language or making up "words" for things like banana or juice, he now seems capable of making stone tools on a par with the efforts of early humans. Eviatar Nevo of the University of Haifa in Israel and his colleagues sealed food inside a log to mimic marrow locked inside long bones, and watched Kanzi, a 30-year-old male bonobo chimp, try to extract it. While a companion bonobo attempted the problem a handful of times, and succeeded only by smashing the log on the ground, Kanzi took a longer and arguably more sophisticated approach. Goo-goo-gorillas have their own kind of baby talk - life - 01 June 2012. Video: Gorillas have their own baby talk "Do you want to play wiv mummy?

Goo-goo-gorillas have their own kind of baby talk - life - 01 June 2012

Wocka-wocka-woo? " Chimp Groups Have Cultural Differences. Like humans who might use a different slang term for "that's cool" or have distinct fashion sense, adjacent chimpanzee groups also show cultural differences, in this case, in their nut-cracking techniques, researchers have found.

Chimp Groups Have Cultural Differences

"In humans, cultural differences are an essential part of what distinguishes neighboring groups that live in very similar environments," study researcher Lydia Luncz, of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany, said in a statement. "For the first time, a very similar situation has been found in wild chimpanzees living in the Taï National Park, Côte d'Ivoire, demonstrating that they share with us the ability for fine-scale cultural differentiation. " Listen: The Rare, Beautiful Songs of Bowhead Whales.

A bowhead whale breaches.

Listen: The Rare, Beautiful Songs of Bowhead Whales

Photo: Kate Stafford The haunting sounds of bowhead whales, which sing their songs under Arctic ice through long, dark polar winters, have been recorded in unprecedented detail. The recordings reveal a vocal repertoire every bit as rich as better-studied humpback and sperm whales, and hint at complex social organizations and lifestyle patterns hidden until now by the bowheads’ extreme remoteness. “We know relatively little about bowhead whales. Mothers Teach Chimp Kids 'Words' Captive chimpanzees learn from their mothers to call out to humans, new research suggests.

Mothers Teach Chimp Kids 'Words'

Those chimps raised by their moms were also most likely to use similar calls, from lip-smacking to blowing kisses. This teaching from mother to child is an example of "social learning," which played an important role in the development of human culture and language.

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Personality Might Be Genetically Encoded in Bee Brains. Tagged foraging bee, image courtesy of Zachary Huang/beetography.com Honeybees (Apis mellifera) are more than cookie-cutter drones, workers, foragers and queens.

Personality Might Be Genetically Encoded in Bee Brains

They might have individual personality differences similar to our own, according to new research. After studying hives—both in the wild and in the lab—and analyzing genetic and biochemical profiles of bees’ brains, researchers have found that some bees, like some humans, seem to be programmed to seek out new experiences, or novelty. Forager bees are in charge of gathering food outside of the hive, but not all of these bees, it seems, are inclined to strike out and go exploring for new flowers. Only a subset of them—some five to 25 percent—actively scout out new pollen sources.

Terrifying photos reveal first ever evidence of bears using tools. Female bonobos have gay sex to improve their social status. The World's Weirdest Animals. What it feels like to be surrounded by 2000 leaping dolphins. Alex the Parrot's Posthumous Paper Shows His Mathematical Genius. From Nature magazine Even in death, the world's most accomplished parrot continues to amaze.

Alex the Parrot's Posthumous Paper Shows His Mathematical Genius

The final experiments involving Alex — an African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) trained to count objects — have just been published. They show that Alex could accurately add together two Arabic numerals to a sum of eight and the total number of objects under three cups, putting his mathematical abilities on par with (and maybe beyond) those of chimpanzees and other non-human primates. The work appears in the journal Animal Cognition. Terrifying sex organs of male turtles. A Testudo tortoise and its large erect penis.

Terrifying sex organs of male turtles

Of the many unlikeable and inaccurate stereotypes maintained about animals in popular consciousness, among the most frustrating is what I term “old man turtle”. This is the idea that turtles (by which I mean, all members of Testudines) are like decrepit, weak, bony little old men housed inside a box. It’s not fair, and it’s not at all accurate. Here we look at just one aspect of turtle anatomy. Secret to Elephants' Thundering Calls Discovered. Elephants' deepest calls can thunder up to 6 miles (10 kilometers) away. Now, researchers have learned for the first time how the massive animals produce these sounds.

It turns out that they do it in the same way that humans talk, pushing air through their vocal cords to make them vibrate. Elephants can go much lower than humans, however, because their vocal cords are eight times longer. "The sounds the elephants make are off the piano keyboard," said study researcher Christian Herbst, a voice scientist at the University of Vienna, Austria. In fact, at less than 20 hertz in frequency, the main components of these ultra-deep calls aren't detectable to the human ear. Glaucus atlanticus. Heartbreaking photographs capture the facial expressions of animals. While I am saddened by the fact that these animals are in peril in large part due to us, what really gets my blood pressure up is people that make comments along the lines you just did.

You make it clear that the survival of an animal species is worth more than any person's life, so what are you doing about it? Are you part of the problem or part of the solution? It is. Cat on boat plays with dolphins Exec Tours Bangkok. Magnetic Cells Give Sense of Direction to Fish. The magnetite (white) found in cells from the noses of rainbow trout was clustered near the cell’s membrane, not near the cell’s nucleus (blue). Image: H. Cadiou By Sarah C. The Nazi breeding program that resurrected an extinct species. Infinity Imagined. Tool-Using Fish Caught for First Time on Video. A fish using tools to crack open a stubborn clam shell has been caught on video for the first time. The clip, shot in 2009 off the Pacific island of Palau, shows an orange-dotted tuskfish (Choerodon anchoago) digging a clam out of the ocean floor and carrying the clam in its mouth to a rock.

Next, the fish repeatedly tosses the clam against the rock to crush it. Tool-Using Fish Makes a Splash. Trippy Tales: The History of 8 Hallucinogens. Stephanie Pappas, LiveScience Senior Writer | September 29, 2011 12:01am ET Credit: BortN66, Shutterstock Humans have been ingesting mind-altering substances for a very long time. Hallucinogen-huffing bowls 2,500 years old have been found on islands in the Lesser Antilles, and traditional cultures from the Americas to Africa use hallucinogenic substances for spiritual purposes. Bird Intelligence & Animal Communication. Mind of the Raven: Investigations ... - Bernd Heinrich. Microscopic Monsters: Gallery of Ugly Bugs.

25% of Mammals at Risk of Extinction, IUCN Reports. Unlikely Pair: Fish Mimics Octopus that Mimics Fish. Watch a lowly fish mimic the incredible mimic octopus. Robotic Fish Reveal Surprising Stickleback Gene. Clever Canines: Dogs Can 'Read' Our Communication Cues. Funny Facial Features Tell Monkeys Who's Who. Mimicry, Animal Cognition & Animal Communication. Detachable Penis, Cannibalistic Sex & Orb-Web Spiders. Fish Seen Using Tools. Fatboy Slim - Right Here, Right Now. Ужин с котом. Baboons are capable of understanding analogies.

Orangutan populations develop different cultures just like humans. What do spiders have to do with internet porn? How turtles sense Earth's drifting magnetic field. Spraying monkeys with "love hormone" makes them act nicer to each other. Grinning gorillas could help explain the origins of human laughter. This chimp will kick your ass at memory games — but how the hell does he do it? Chimp markets reveal evolution of friendship - life - 07 December 2011. Asombroso encuentro con un grupo de Gorilas de Montaña en Uganda. Touched by a Wild Mountain Gorilla (small version) Cold-blooded cognition: Tortoises quick on the uptake - life - 26 December 2011. Rats free each other from traps, then share chocolate - life - 08 December 2011. Pigeons Can Follow Abstract Number-Counting Rules: Scientific American Podcast. Poop-Throwing Chimps Provide Hints of Human Origins. Biggest, Fastest, Bloodiest: Earth's Most Extreme Insects.

Underwater Noise Disturbs Whales 120 Miles Away. Inches to metres: how the metric system was born. Why do scorpions glow in the dark (and could their whole bodies be one big eye)? Dogs Understand Us Better Than Chimps Do. Ocean bacteria glow to turn themselves into bait. Bonobos: the self-domesticated ape? Current Biology - Culture and Geographic Variation in Orangutan Behavior. Bromancing Baboons. Should Gay, Endangered Penguins Be Forced to Mate? I'm the chimpion! Ape trounces the best of the human world in memory competition. Internet Porn Fills Gap in Spider Taxonomy. 14 Fun Facts About Elephants. Behold the first movie ever made for chimpanzees.

High-speed videography reveals how mosquitoes fly in the rain. 14 Fun Facts About Dragonflies. Ostrich Penis Clears Up Evolutionary Mystery. Jumping Spiders Use Blurry Vision to Catch Quick Prey with Precision [Video] Top 10 Real-Life Body Snatchers. Q&A with Discoverers of Beetle Sex with Beer Bottles. <i>Apes as Family</i>: the first film made for chimps. Zoologger: The first reptile with a true placenta - life - 06 October 2011.

An Underwater Wizard: The Mimic Octopus. Fish may have started walking underwater - life - 12 December 2011. Myanmar snub-nosed monkey caught on camera. Zoologger: Don't bite – how the zebra got its stripes - life - 09 February 2012. Spider play sex isn't all fun and games - life - 01 November 2011. Zoologger: The only cross-dressing bird of prey - life - 09 November 2011. Apps for apes: Orang-utans want iPads for Christmas - tech - 28 December 2011. The only primate to communicate in pure ultrasound - life - 08 February 2012. Bedbugs Get Away with Incest. Animal cognition.