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The horror that was the Western Front

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Battles of the Western Front 1914-1918. This article gives an overview of the battles on the Western Front.

Battles of the Western Front 1914-1918

Creation of The Western Front During The First World War of 1914-1918 the Allied Forces of Belgium, France, Great Britain, the Dominion Forces of the British Empire (Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, Newfoundland and South Africa), Portugal and the United States (from April 1918) made a stand against the Imperial German Army's advance and occupation of Belgium from 4 August 1914 and north-eastern France from 6 August 1914. World War One - The Western Front. The opening engagement on the Western Front was the Battle of Mons on 23rd August 1914.

World War One - The Western Front

However after early battles of movement, the Western Front stagnated into trench warfare. In 1915, efforts were made to break the deadlock with costly Allied offenses at Neuve Chapelle and later in September at the Battle of Loos. However the German defensive system, protected by machine guns and barbed wire, was too strong. Around Ypres (pronounced ‘Wipers’ by British soldiers) the water table was too high to dig trenches. Battle of the Somme: injuries, treatment and the trenches. The Western Front. How did soldiers cope with war? Curator Dr Matthew Shaw, explores notions of patriotism, social cohesion, routine and propaganda, to ask how soldiers of World War One were able to psychologically cope with the realities of combat.

How did soldiers cope with war?

Introduction Given our understanding of the horrors of war, it is often difficult to understand how men coped with life at the Front during the First World War. Many, of course, did not: it is during this period that shell shock and what we now know as post-traumatic stress disorder were first described and diagnosed . Hundreds, across all the armies involved in the war, deserted, and both sides faced large mutinies – among the French in 1917 and by the German navy in 1918, as well the Russian Revolution in 1917. BBC Schools - Life in the trenches.

31 October 2014Last updated at 15:07 Two British soldiers standing in a flooded communication trench during World War One On the Western Front, the war was fought in trenches. Trenches were long, narrow ditches dug into the ground where soldiers lived all day and night. There were many lines of German trenches on one side and many lines of Allied trenches on the other. WWI: Life on the western front. US Army, Signal Corps. 1918.

WWI: Life on the western front

"115th Regiment Field Artillery of the Thirtieth Division passing a group of German prisoners under guard of 9th Infantry, Laronville, France, September 12, 1918" State Archives of North Carolina.American soldiers of World War I experienced a great deal of hardship while fighting on the western front in France and Belgium. Since air transportation was still a dream, America’s doughboys traveled on ships to France. These troop ships were often crowded and uncomfortable, with bunks stacked several layers high, and the men and their equipment forced into tiny spaces.

The soldiers came up on deck only once or twice a day, usually for exercise or lifeboat drill. The Western Front. The webserver at Alpha History tells us you’re using an adblocking tool, plug-in or browser extension on your computer or network.

The Western Front

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Australians on the Western Front

Left to right: Lt Norman Malcolm, 2 Pioneers; Sister Stella Malcom, Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS); Lt Eric Malcolm, 3 Division Artillery; Staff Nurse Edith Malcolm, AANS. Norman, Stella and Eric all served on the Western Front and Edith in the Middle East. All four survived the war. Image courtesy of the Australian War Memorial. The 'Great War' (First World War) of 1914–1918, was devastating to all countries involved and was played out on a huge scale. Life in the trenches. In early 1916, life in the trenches was considered more comfortable by many Australian troops.

Life in the trenches

For those who had served on Gallipoli, the conditions on the Western Front seemed very different. Billets were within 2 kilometres of the front. There were army canteens selling groceries, tobacco and clothing, and the men could buy champagne and beer from the closest estaminet. This would all change with the arrival of winter, the most severe experienced in northern France in 36 years. Life in the trenches. As the northern hemisphere winter approached in 1914, the British and French forces had consolidated positions.

Life in the trenches

Allied forces had prevented the Germans from reaching two key objectives: Paris and the port of Calais. In general, the Germans had the higher ground on the Western Front, their trenches and dugouts were better protected and better prepared. German strategy became defensive early in the conflict as they realised they would have a hard enough time holding the ground they had won early in the war in Belgium and France. The stalemate. Actions in France. After Gallipoli, The Australian and New Zealand troops were reinforced and sent to the Western Front.

Actions in France

New recruits joined Gallipoli veterans to take over a 16 kilometre section of the line in Northern France. The section stretched from Armentieres village to the Sugarloaf Salient in front of the German-held village of Fromelles. Because the fighting was not as frequent, this section was nicknamed ‘the nursery’.