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Intelligentsia. For the coffee shop company, see Intelligentsia Coffee & Tea.


The intelligentsia, from Latin: intellegentia (Polish: inteligencja, Russian: интеллигенция,[1] pronounced [ɪntʲɪlʲɪˈɡʲentsɨjə]) is a social class of people engaged in complex mental labour aimed at disseminating culture. This therefore might include everyone from artists to school teachers. Arthur Conolly. Biography[edit] Conolly was a descendant of an Ó Conghalaigh clan of Ireland.

Arthur Conolly

He was a cousin of Sir William Macnaghten, Secretary of the Company's Political and Secret Department.[2] As a sixteen-year-old impressionable Cadet he sailed to India on the Grenville and listened to the newly appointed Bishop of Calcutta evangelize. The Rhodes Colossus. Colossus of Rhodes, imagined in a 16th-century engraving by Martin Heemskerck, part of his series of the Seven Wonders of the World.

The Rhodes Colossus

The New Great Game. Middle East geopolitical map The New Great Game is a conceptualization of modern geopolitics in Middle East as a competition between the United States, the United Kingdom and other NATO countries against Russia for "influence, power, hegemony and profits in Central Asia and the Transcaucasus".[1][2] It is a reference to "The Great Game", the political rivalry between the British and Russian Empires in Central Asia during the 19th century.[3] Overview[edit] Many authors[clarification needed] and analysts view this new "game" as centering around regional petroleum politics.

The New Great Game

Now, instead of competing for actual control over a geographic area, "pipelines, tanker routes, petroleum consortiums, and contracts are the prizes of the new Great Game".[4] The term has become prevalent throughout the literature about the region, appearing in book titles, academic journals, news articles, and government reports.[5] Addressing the Ambassador directly, Prince Andrew then turned to regional politics. Royal fish. Under the law of the United Kingdom, whales and sturgeons are royal fish, and when taken become the personal property of the monarch of the United Kingdom as part of his or her royal prerogative.

Royal fish

Atlantropa. An artist's conception of what Atlantropa may look like, as seen from space.


Atlantropa, also referred to as Panropa,[1] was a gigantic engineering and colonization project devised by the German architect Herman Sörgel in the 1920s and promulgated by him until his death in 1952. Its central feature was a hydroelectric dam to be built across the Strait of Gibraltar, which would have provided enormous amounts of hydroelectricity[2] and would have led to the lowering of the surface of the Mediterranean Sea by up to 200 metres (660 ft), opening up large new lands for settlement, for example in a now almost totally drained Adriatic Sea.

The project proposed four additional major dams as well:[3][4][5] Sörgel saw his scheme, projected to take over a century, as a peaceful European-wide alternative to the Lebensraum concepts which later became one of the stated reasons for Nazi conquest of new territories. Scaphism. Scaphism, also known as the boats, was an ancient Persian method of execution designed to inflict torturous death that was described by the Persians' archenemies, the Greeks.


The name comes from the Greek σκάφη, skáphe, meaning "anything scooped (or hollowed) out". Wandering Jew. The Wandering Jew is a figure whose legend began to spread in Europe in the 13th century.[1]

Wandering Jew

James Harrison (blood donor) James Harrison, OAM, also known as the Man with the golden arm, is a blood plasma donor[1] from Australia whose unusual plasma composition has been used to make a treatment for Rhesus disease.

James Harrison (blood donor)

He has made over 1000 donations throughout his lifetime, and these donations are estimated to have saved over two million unborn babies from the condition.[1][2][3] James Harrison was born in 1936. At the age of 13, he underwent major chest surgery, requiring 13 litres of blood.[2] After surgery, he was in the hospital for three months.

Realizing the blood had saved his life, he made a pledge to start donating blood as soon as he turned eighteen, the then-required age.[2] Harrison started donating in 1954 and after the first few donations it was discovered that his blood contained an unusually strong and persistent antibody called Rho(D) Immune Globulin. As blood plasma, in contrast to blood, can be donated as often as every 2–3 weeks, he was able to reach his 1000th donation in May 2011. Guy of Lusignan. Biography[edit] Political rise[edit] Guy was a son of Lord Hugh VIII of Lusignan, in Poitou, at that time a part of the French duchy of Aquitaine, held by Queen Eleanor of England, her third son Richard, and her husband the English King Henry II.

Guy of Lusignan

In 1168 Guy and his brothers ambushed and killed Patrick of Salisbury, 1st Earl of Salisbury, who was returning from a pilgrimage. They were banished from Poitou by their overlord, Richard I, then (acting) Duke of Aquitaine. File:Oil Balance.png. Indo-European Language Tree. Cancel Edit Delete Preview revert Text of the note (may include Wiki markup) Could not save your note (edit conflict or other problem). Treaty of Verdun. Civilizations of Greater Europe before the Carolingian's Frankish Civil War (840-843): Western Europe and outlier civilizations at the time of the death of Charles the Great (or Charlemagne-814) and Emperor Louis the Pious (d. 840). The Treaty of Verdun ( Verdun-sur-Meuse , August 843) was first of the treaties that divided the Carolingian Empire in the 9th century. Three surviving sons of Louis the Pious , the son and successor of Charlemagne , divided the Carolingian Empire into three kingdoms.

It ended the three-year-long Carolingian Civil War . Background [ edit ] When Louis the Pious died in 840, his eldest son, Lothair I , claimed overlordship over his brothers' kingdoms and supported the claim of his nephew Pepin II as king of Aquitaine , a large province in western France. Neorealism (international relations) Neorealism is subdivided into defensive and offensive neorealism. Neorealism holds that the nature of the international structure is defined by its ordering principle, anarchy, and by the distribution of capabilities (measured by the number of great powers within the international system).

The anarchic ordering principle of the international structure is decentralized, meaning there is no formal central authority; every sovereign state is formally equal in this system. These states act according to the logic of self-help, meaning states seek their own interest and will not subordinate their interest to the interests of other states. Neorealists contend that there are essentially three possible systems according to changes in the distribution of capabilities, defined by the number of great powers within the international system. A unipolar system contains only one great power, a bipolar system contains two great powers, and a multipolar system contains more than two great powers. Zbigniew Brzezinski. Major foreign policy events during his term of office included the normalization of relations with the People's Republic of China (and the severing of ties with the Republic of China); the signing of the second Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT II); the brokering of the Camp David Accords; the transition of Iran from an important U.S. client state to an anti-Western Islamic Republic; encouraging dissidents in Eastern Europe and emphasizing human rights in order to undermine the influence of the Soviet Union;[4] the financing of the mujahideen in Afghanistan in response to the Soviet deployment of forces there[5] and the arming of these rebels to counter the Soviet invasion; and the signing of the Torrijos-Carter Treaties relinquishing U.S. control of the Panama Canal after 1999.

Brzezinski is currently Robert E. Biography[edit] Early years[edit] Rising influence[edit] In 1958 he became a United States citizen. 6th millennium BC. During the 6th millennium BC, agriculture spread from the Balkans to Italy and Eastern Europe, and also from Mesopotamia to Egypt. World population was essentially stable at numbers ranging between approximately 5 and 7 million. Events[edit] Black Sea today (light blue) and in 5600 BC (dark blue) according to Ryan's and Pitman's theories, versions of the Black Sea deluge theory Byzantine Calendar illustrating 1 September 5509 BC (the calendar is from the 12th century CE). Yangshao Culture. List of libraries in the ancient world. Niall Ferguson. Family tree of the Greek gods. Key: The essential Olympians' names are given in bold font. See also. List of Germanic deities.

List of World War II military operations. Emma Goldman. Emma Goldman (June 27 [O.S. June 15], 1869 – May 14, 1940) was an anarchist known for her political activism, writing, and speeches. List of family trees. This is an index of family trees available. It includes noble, politically important and royal families as well as fictional families and thematic diagrams. Bernard of Clairvaux. Valentin Turchin. Valentin Fyodorovich Turchin (Russian: Валенти́н Фёдорович Турчи́н, 1931 – 7 April 2010) was a Soviet and American cybernetician and computer scientist. Adwaita. A zookeeper tends to Adwaita (2005)

Olympic truce. The Olympic Truce is a tradition originating from Ancient Greece that dates back to 778 BC in the 8th century BC. Pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact. List of places in the United States named after places in England. List of monarchs by nickname. Pablo Escobar. 19th c Western Culture Timeline. 136 Creepy Wikipedia Articles. The most interesting pages on Wikipedia. La jetée.

List of emerging technologies. List of cryptids. List of haplogroups of historical figures. List of dystopian films. Thalassocracy. Teotihuacan. Human Development Index. Mars One. Sea Peoples. State funerals in the United Kingdom. List of French words and phrases used by English speakers. Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - StumbleUpon. Nature (essay) Entropy (information theory) Shanghai Cooperation Organisation. Inca Empire. Aztec Triple Alliance. Alex (parrot) Davy Crockett (nuclear device)

Fulda Gap. Quartet on the Middle East. Neo-Luddism. List of best-selling singles. Anarcho-primitivism.