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Projected world water scarcity 2025 - Full size. Water Investments. Energy and Capital A Background and Primer for Water Investments There is no more water on the earth today than there was hundreds of millions of years ago.

Water Investments

There is no less either. We can't make it or destroy it. And while our planet may be over 70% covered with water, less than 2% of it is freshwater – the stuff we need to survive. Of that tiny 2%, some water is perpetually tied up as atmospheric moisture or as frozen saturated soil (permafrost) that we can never use. So if the amount of water has remained the same since the beginning of time, what's the problem? The simple answer: us. Or, more specifically, the amount of us – and what we've done to our water supply over the last few hundred years.

You see, water was first formed about 4.5 billion years ago. And we've done it rather quickly. That amount of people, coupled with expanding industry, pollution, and the associated problems have led to a Malthusian scenario – to say the least. That's less than 20 years away... Convening Organisations.

Community piped water supply systems in developing countries : a planning manual. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre. Water Programme. Drop in The Bucket. Water Shortage, Drinking Water Crisis Solutions. Engineers develop revolutionary nanotech water desalination membrane. Researchers at the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science today announced they have developed a new reverse osmosis (RO) membrane that promises to reduce the cost of seawater desalination and wastewater reclamation.

Engineers develop revolutionary nanotech water desalination membrane

Reverse osmosis desalination uses extremely high pressure to force saline or polluted waters through the pores of a semi-permeable membrane. Water molecules under pressure pass through these pores, but salt ions and other impurities cannot, resulting in highly purified water. The new membrane, developed by civil and environmental engineering assistant professor Eric Hoek and his research team, uses a uniquely cross-linked matrix of polymers and engineered nanoparticles designed to draw in water ions but repel nearly all contaminants. South African - Water Research Commission. World Water Council. "Our main problems in rural communities are the following: walking long distances about 2 to 3 kilometers daily to public tap; carrying heavy containers on our heads 20 to 25 litres per trips; long queues at the point of taps; should there be contamination at this common point the whole village is at risk.

World Water Council

" Adult female of South Africa, Water Voice Project, 2003 A threatening situation, needing to be faced 1.1 billion people lack access to safe drinking water. 2.6 billion people lack adequate sanitation. 1.8 million people die every year from diarrhoeal diseases, including 90 % of children under 5. This situation is no longer bearable. To face the crisis, the United Nations formulated an amount of so called Millennium Development Goals, dedicated to reduce poverty and ensure sustainable development. Serious Dangers Of Fracking Need Considered - To the Readers' Forum: Concerning recent public campaign by Gov.

Serious Dangers Of Fracking Need Considered -

Cuomo and The American Petroleum Institute, I encourage all residents of the Southern Tier to make sure they are well informed about the dangers of fracking before they support it. Please remember the blow out of a natural gas well in Leroy township, Pa. that occurred April 19. Read all about it and other fracking disasters by going to The National Wildlife Federation's website at Yes, moe jobs and natural gas sound great, but it may cost you personally a lot moe than you planned. In Leroy, no one new exactly how to stop the 10,000 gallons of toxic wastewater from flowing out and it did so for 11 hours. Often in these disasters, people are told to drink bottled water. Kathleen Morrison Jamestown. International Waters Learning Exchange & Resource Network. Water supply, sanitation and hygiene development. Water scarcity as a means of peace. The Middle East Research Center of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace based in Lebanon has launched"The Blue Peace Report: Rethinking Middle East Water".

Water scarcity as a means of peace

The report, published in cooperation with the Strategic Foresight Group, focuses on the problems of water scarcity affecting Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, Turkey, Israel, and the Palestinian Territories and recommends to these countries to negotiate the adoption of common policies and guidelines for the sustainable management of local water resources. Water appropriation has created a “high stress” situation where the average Palestinian is left living on less than 30 liters of fresh water a day, with the average Lebanese and Jordanian estimated to be surviving on around 60 liters.

This compares to 350 liter per person per day in Israel. The report proposes installing a region-wide cap on daily consumption where all people would be allowed for consuming no more than 200 liters. Water Pollution and It’s Consequences - GlobalH2o – a clean water initiative. By Anonymous • on News • April 12th• Different reports of some UN agencies warn on increasing scarcity of water per capita in many parts of the developing countries.

Water Pollution and It’s Consequences - GlobalH2o – a clean water initiative

This crises is happening due to population growth which has the highest rate in those countries, as well as the absence of proper sanitation systems and infrastructures. Than, there are also changes in climate, and the pollution factor that brought us were we are now. Dirtiest River on Earth. The Citarum River Once upon a time, the Citarum River was rich in fish and wildlife.

Dirtiest River on Earth

Local villagers caught fish and used river water to irrigate rice paddies and vegetable plots. They bathed, cooked and drank the river water. In the 1980s, textile factories started operations. Water Wars May Lie Ahead - The Source. By Neena Rai There is a famous Chinese proverb that warns “not only can water float a boat, it can sink it also.” And with global water shortages on the horizon, climate change supporters say an extreme response will be needed from international governments to stem the potential for conflict it will create around the world. Professor Patricia Wouters at the IHP-HELP Centre for water law, policy and science at University of Dundee, said the world could face a future of “water wars” as deterioration in climatic patterns and global population growth leave people struggling to stake their claim to the natural resource.

The World Bank in a report said that 1.4 million people could be facing water scarcity by 2025. But the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) forecast is even more gloomy. The issue isn’t restricted to countries that typically see temperatures soar, such as Cyprus, which in 2009 was forced to import water in tankers and ration its use. Polluted Water Challenges China’s Engineering Efforts.

Memo #114 (The third Memo from the Theme, Water, Scarcity, and Tibetan Plateau Frontiers) By Darrin Magee – magee [at] Water is central to China’s environmental challenges.

Polluted Water Challenges China’s Engineering Efforts

While not water-short overall, the geographic and temporal variations in China’s precipitation are extreme. Water scarcity and India « For the Changing Planet. Water and Conflict in Asia? Water security is emerging as an increasingly important and vital issue for the Asia-Pacific region.

Water and Conflict in Asia?

Perhaps no other resource—other than oxygen—is so intricately linked to human health and survival. However, as the region’s population growth continues to surge, the demand for water is increasing substantially, without a concomitant increase in water resources. Many Asian countries are beginning to experience moderate to severe water shortages, brought on by the simultaneous effects of agricultural growth, industrialization, and urbanization. In recent years, moreover, evidence indicates that water security is becoming increasingly affected by erratic weather patterns, most notably the El Nino and La Nina weather phenomena. Several countries in the region, including Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, have experienced droughts of such severity that they have caused food shortages and have threatened the long-term food supply.

The world’s freshwater supply is finite. Agriculture. Asia to face fresh water challenge over the next decade. Water Scarcity. Water scarcity overtakes global warming as top environmental concern. India Water Crisis - Environmental Action Project.