« Chez Tolkien, l’amour des mots précède l’intention mythologique » L’auteur de «Bilbo le Hobbit» était aussi un poète et un philologue médiéviste qui, en créant l’univers de la Terre du Milieu, a également construit des langues imaginaires très élaborées.
Rencontre avec Charles Delattre, spécialisé en langues, littératures et mythologies gréco-romaines, qui a participé au «Dictionnaire Tolkien», paru chez CNRS Éditions. Passionné par les langues construites, pourquoi Tolkien qualifiait-il son amour des mots de « vice secret » ? Charles Delattre1 : Tolkien était médiéviste et enseignait à Oxford la linguistique et les langues nordiques. Il était ce qu’on appelle un philologue, un spécialiste des textes anciens. Cette discipline, à son époque, vise à rétablir le contenu original de textes connus par plusieurs sources, c’est-à-dire à sélectionner le texte le plus authentique possible, à partir de manuscrits, d’éditions imprimées ou d’autres sources. Comment peut-il inventer plusieurs dizaines de langues avec leur propre généalogie ? Words of the Ring. Tengwar (Elvish) alphabet. Origin J.R.R.
Tolkien created many languages throughout his life. He wrote in one of his letters that the tales of Middle-earth (The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, The Silmarillion, etc) grew from these languages, rather than the languages being created for use in the stories. Tolkien also created a number of different alphabets to write his languages - Tengwar, or Feanorian letters, is the one which appears most frequently in his work.
The way the vowels are indicated in Tengwar resembles Tibetan and other Brahmi-derived scripts. Notable features Written from left to right in horizontal lines. Used to write A number of different languages of Middle-Earth, such as: Quenya, Qenya or High-Elven, the most prominent language of the Amanya branch of the Elvish language family. Sindarin, the language of the Grey-elves or Sindar. Sylvan, Westron, etc Tengwar can also be used to write English, Welsh, Scottish Gaelic, Spanish, Swedish, Polish, Esperanto and a variety of other languages. Quenya mode. Write Your Name in Elvish in Ten Minutes.
Write Your Name in Elvish in Ten Minutes You want to write your name in Elvish, but every place you go seems to make it harder than it ought to be.
Elvish writing looks beautiful and mysterious, but does it really have to be impossible to understand? Why doesn't somebody just spell out the alphabet so you can simply substitute the letters and get straight to the result? That's exactly what I've done here. Learn to write your name in Elvish in ten minutes. Here's the alphabet. That's it.
Learn Elvish. (a little bit of philosophy) So, you made up your mind to learn Elvish?
I absolutely love the Elvish languages, so I can understand that perfectly, and I wish you plenty of joy! But there's a question which you might want to ask yourself early on - and maybe later as well - what do you mean by 'learning'? Do you wish to speak the language, write Elvish poetry and read Elvish stories, use it in roleplaying games and write Elvish letters to your friends? Because all that is actually possible - well, kind of, and that's why I am asking the question. But that is not how Tolkien ever thought about the languages. Tolkien never viewed his creations as finished - he was always revising and altering things - even for published things (which he couldn't really alter) he re-invented the underlying explanation - a good example is Gil-Galad - in Letters:279 he states But in fact, in Letters:426 a completely different explanation is brought forward: Why am I telling all this to you?