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Sufi Penseurs 2

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Ahmed ar-Rifa'i. Ahmed ar-Rifa'i (1118–1182) was the founder of the Rifa'i Sufi order.

Ahmed ar-Rifa'i

Ahmad Zarruq. Ahmad Zarruq also known as Imam az-Zarruq (Ahmad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa) (1442–1493 CE) was a Muslim scholar and Sufi sheikh from Fes, Morocco.

Ahmad Zarruq

He is considered one of the most prominent and accomplished legal, theoretical, and spiritual scholars in Islamic history, and is thought by some to have been the renewer of his time (mujaddid). He was also the first to be given the honorific title “Regulator of the Scholars and Saints” (muhtasib al-‘ulama’ wa al-awliya’).[1] Ahmad Sirhindi. Imām Rabbānī Shaykh Ahmad al-Farūqī al-Sirhindī (1564–1624) was an Indian Islamic scholar from Punjab, a Hanafi jurist, and a prominent member of the Naqshbandī Sufi order.

Ahmad Sirhindi

He is described as Mujaddid Alf Thānī, meaning the "reviver of the second millennium", for his work in rejuvenating Islam and opposing the heterodoxies prevalent in the time of Mughal Emperor Akbar.[1] While early South Asian scholarship credited him for contributing to conservative trends in Indian Islam, more recent works, notably by ter Haar, Friedman, and Buehler, have pointed to Sirhindi's significant contributions to Sufi epistemology and practices.[2] Most of the Naqshbandī suborders today, such as the Mujaddidī, Khālidī, Saifī, Tāhirī, Qasimiya and Haqqānī sub-orders, trace their spiritual lineage through Sirhindi, often referring to themselves as "Naqshbandī-Mujaddidī". Sirhindi's shrine, known as Rauza Sharif is located in Sirhind, India. Early life and education[edit] Sirhindi's world view[edit] Ahmad Ghazali. Aḥmad Ghazālī (Persian: احمد غزالی‎; full name Majd al-Dīn Abū al-Fotuḥ Aḥmad Ghazālī) was a Persian mystic, writer, and eloquent preacher (c. 1061–1123 or 1126).[1] He is best known in the history of Sufism for his ideas on love, expressed primarily in the celebrated work entitled Sawāneḥ.

Ahmad Ghazali

Life[edit] The younger brother of the celebrated theologian, jurist, and Sufi, Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad al-Ghazālī, Aḥmad Ghazālī was born in a village near Tūs, in Khorasan. Here he was educated primarily in jurisprudence. He turned to Sufism while still young, becoming the pupil first of Abu Bakr Nassaj Tusi (died 1094) and then of Abu Ali Farmadi (died 1084). He was advanced in Sufism by 1095, and his brother Abū Ḥāmid asked him to teach in his place in the Nezamiya of Baghdad and assume responsibility during his planned absence. Aḥmad Ghazālī’s thought, centered as it was on the idea of love, left a profound mark on the development of Persian mystical literature, especially poetry celebrating love. Ahmad al-Alawi. Ahmad al-Alawi (1869–14 July 1934), (Arabic: أحمد بن مصطفى العلاوي‎), was the founder of a popular modern Sufi order, the Darqawiyya Alawiyya, a branch of the Darqawi, Shadhili tariqa.

Ahmad al-Alawi

Biography[edit] Sheikh Ahmad al-Alawi was born in Mostaganem, Algeria, in 1869. He was first educated at home by his father. From the time of his father's death in 1886 until 1894, he worked in Mostaganem and followed the Aissawiyya order. Suhrawardiyya. Suhrawardy redirects here.


For the East Bengali politician and Prime Minister of Pakistan, see Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy. The well-known Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi "the Executed" (1153 - 1191CE), the Shia founder of Illuminationism, is unconnected. Origin[edit] The mausoleum of the Suhrawardi Sheikh Zain-ud-Din Bobo in Tashkent, Uzbekhistan The order originated in Iraq though it spread all over the Islamic world under its founder's nephew, Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi (1145 – 1234 CE), who was sent by the Caliph in Baghdad as an ambassador to the Ayyubid Sultan Al-Adil I of Egypt, to Khwarezm-Shah Muhammad of Bukhara and to Kayqubad I, Sultan of Rûm. Abū-Sa'īd Abul-Khayr. Statue of Abū-Sa'īd Abul-Khayr in Nishapur.

Abū-Sa'īd Abul-Khayr

Abusa'id Abolkhayr or Abū-Sa'īd Abul-Khayr (Persian: ابوسعید ابوالخیر‎) (December 7, 967 - January 12, 1049), also known as Sheikh Abusaeid or Abu Sa'eed, was a famous Persian Sufi and poet who contributed extensively to the evolution of Sufi tradition. The majority of what is known from his life comes from the book Asrar al-Tawhid (اسرارالتوحید, or "The Mysteries of Unification") written by Mohammad Ibn Monavvar, one of his grandsons, 130 years after his death.

The book, which is an important early Sufi writing in Persian, presents a record of his life in the form of anecdotes from a variety of sources and contains a collection of his words. During his life his fame spread throughout the Islamic world, even to Spain. He was the first Sufi writer to widely use ordinary love poems as way to express and illuminate mysticism, and as such he played a major role in foundation of Persian Sufi poetry. Biography[edit] Mysticism[edit] Poetry[edit] E.G.

Mahmud Shabistari. Mahmūd Shabistarī (1288–1340) (Persian: محمود شبستری‎) is one of the most celebrated Persian[1][2][3] Sufi poets of the 14th century.[4] Life and work[edit] Shabistari was born in the town of Shabestar near Tabriz in 1288 (687 AH), where he received his education.[5] He became deeply versed in the symbolic terminology of Ibn Arabi.

Mahmud Shabistari

He wrote during a period of Mongol invasions. His most famous work is a mystic text called The Secret Rose Garden (Gulshan-i Rāz) written about 1311 in rhyming couplets (Mathnawi). This poem was written in response to seventeen queries concerning Sufi metaphysics posed to "the Sufi literati of Tabriz" by Rukh Al Din Amir Husayn Harawi (d. 1318).[6] It was also the main reference used by François Bernier when explaining Sufism to his European friends (in: Lettre sur le Quietisme des Indes; 1688) Abul-Hassan Kharaqani. Abu al-Hassan Ali ibn Ahmad (or ibn Ja'far) ibn Salmān al-Kharaqāni or Shaikh Abul-Hassan Kharaqāni [also written Kherqāni] (Persian شیخ ابوالحسن خرقانی ) is one of the master Sufis of Islam.

Abul-Hassan Kharaqani

He was born in 963 (352 Hijri) from Persian[1] parents in Khorasan in a village called Kharaqan (today located in Semnan province of Iran, near Bustam) and died in the day of Ashura (10th of Muharram) in 1033 (425 Hijri) He was the disciple of Shaikh Abul-Abbas Qassab Amoli in tariqah but had deep spiritual relation with Bayazid Bastami, a well-known Sufi Master who died almost a century before him but had spoken about the personality and state of Abul Hassan Kharaqani. Farid al-Din Attar, a famous Persian poet and Sufi, devoted a large part of his book Tadhkiratul-Awliya (Biography of the Saints) about the personality, state and stories of Abul Hassan Kharaqani.

Abul Hassan Kharaqani was the Master or Shaikh of the famous Persian Sufi and poet, Khwajah Abdullah Ansari. Abu al-Najib al-Suhrawardi. He studied Islamic law in Baghdad, then set up a retreat by the river Tigris, where he gathered disciples, which eventually came to be the Sufi order of Suhrawardiyya.

Abu al-Najib al-Suhrawardi

His paternal nephew Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi expanded the order. Abdalqadir as-Sufi. Abdalqadir as-Sufi (born 1930 Ian Dallas in Ayr, Scotland) is a Shaykh of Instruction, leader of the Darqawi-Shadhili-Qadiri Tariqa, founder of the Murabitun World Movement and author of numerous books on Islam, Sufism (Tasawwuf) and political theory. Born in Scotland, he was a playwright and actor before he accepted Islam in 1967 with the Imam of the Masjid al-Qarawiyyin (Qarawiyyin Mosque) in Fes, Morocco.[1] Abdalqadir as-Sufi has worked in spreading Islam since that time and has students all over the world in both Muslim and non-Muslim lands.

He continues to write; among his latest publications are The Book of Tawhid, The Book of Hubb, The Book of 'Amal and The Book of Safar, and as Ian Dallas Ian Dallas Collected Works, The Time of the Bedouin – on the politics of power, Political Renewal and The Interim is Mine. His commentary on current events and issues affecting Muslims in different parts of the world can be found on his website. Abdul-Qadir Gilani. Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (Arabic: عبد القادر الجيلاني‎), (Turkish: Abdülkâdir Geylânî, Kurdish: Evdilqadirê Geylanî, Persian: عبد القادر گیلانی‎,Urdu: عبد القادر گیلانی‎ Abdolqāder Gilāni, Bengali: আব্দুল কাদের জিলানী (রহ.)) Al-Sayyid Muhiyudin Abu Muhammad Abdal Qadir Al-Jilani Al-Hasani Wal-Hussaini (born 11 Rabi al-Thani, 470 Hijri, in the town of Na'if, district of Gilan, Ilam Province Or Amol of Tabarestan , Persia, died 8 Rabi al-Awwal 561 AH, in Baghdad,[8] (1077–1166 CE), was a Persian[9] Hanbali jurist and Sufi based in Baghdad.

Qadiriyya was his patronym. Family[edit] Al-Gilani was born around 1077, in , Persia. [nb 1][10] His family was part of the Hanbali school, one of the schools of religious law within Sunni Islam. Tage Lindbom. Tage Leonard Lindbom, who later in his life also took the name Sidi Zayd, (24 October 1909, Malmö - 2001), PhD in Political science, who was early in his life the party theoretician and director of the archives of the Swedish Social Democratic Party 1938-1965. He served on public boards and commissions dealing with cultural questions, including the executive board of the Royal Opera. Later in his life he converted to Islam. He became a representative of the Traditional School and the Perennial philosophy. Lindbom has been called "the grand old man" of Swedish conservativism and is the author of more than 20 books on philosophy and religion.

He was a contributor to the quarterly journal, Studies in Comparative Religion, which dealt with religious symbolism and the Traditionalist perspective. Kurt Almqvist. Kurt Almqvist (1912–2001), PhD in Romance Languages, Swedish poet, intellectual and spiritual figure, representative of the Traditionalist School and the Perennial philosophy. Almqvist was a lifelong disciple of the Swiss metaphysician and spiritual guide Frithjof Schuon. He came into close contact with the spiritual representatives of the Shadhiliyya order in the beginning of the 1940s. He introduced Schuon's teachings on spirituality and transcendent unity of religions in a number of publications.

[citation needed] He also introduced the works of René Guénon in his writings. He was a frequent contributor to the quarterly journal, Studies in Comparative Religion, which dealt with religious symbolism and the Traditionalist perspective. Almqvist received his doctorate in 1951 from Uppsala university on a dissertation concerning Guilhem Ademar, Poésies du troubadour Guilhem Adémar. Hossein Nasr. Robert Frager. Early life and education[edit] Frager attended Reed College in Portland, Oregon from 1957 to 1961.

He graduated with a B.A. in Psychology. Frager earned a PhD in Social Psychology from Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which he attended from 1961 to 1967. From 1963 to 1965, Frager was a Fellow at the East-West Center in Honolulu, Hawaii. From 1967 to 1968, he was a Research Fellow at Keio University in Tokyo, Japan. Career[edit] Frager is renowned[citation needed] for his pioneering work in the field of transpersonal psychology and for his role in establishing the country's first educational institution dedicated to this emerging field of research and practice. Selected bibliography[edit] Michael Sells. Martin Lings.

Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki. Qutub ul Aqtab Hazrat Khwaja Syed Muhammad Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki (Urdu: حضرت خواجہ سیّد محمد قطب الدین بختیار کاکی‎) (born 1173-died 1235) was a renowned Muslim Sufi mystic, saint and scholar of the Chishti Order from Delhi, India. Mouride. Galip Hassan Kuscuoglu. Rabia al-Adawiyya. Reshad Feild. Reshad Feild (born Richard Timothy Feild; 15 April 1934) is an English mystic, author, spiritual teacher, and musician.

He is the author of more than a dozen books about spirituality and Sufism in particular. Ghulam Mustafa Khan. Nizamuddin Auliya. Sultan-ul-Mashaikh, Mehboob-e-Ilahi, Hazrat Shaikh Khwaja Syed Muhammad Nizamuddin Auliya (1238 – 3 April 1325) (Urdu: حضرت شیخ خواجہ سیّد محمد نظام الدّین اولیاء‎), also known as Hazrat Nizamuddin, was a famous Sufi saint of the Chishti Order in the Indian Subcontinent, an order that believed in drawing close to God through renunciation of the world and service to humanity. Uwais al-Qarni. Mansur Al-Hallaj. Moinuddin Chishti. Junayd Baghdadi. Dhul-Nun al-Misri. Hasan al-Basri. List of tariqas.