DLMS & COSEM
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Smart metering for residential customers, driven by market liberalisation, regulatory changes, technology advancements and the potential to better control end eventually help reduce energy consumption through better information to customers, is high on the agenda of metering people worldwide. Power Line Carrier (PLC) could be the number one medium for this purpose. We have received strong market signals from all over the world, from actual and potential members of the DLMS UA, that DLMS/COSEM is seen as a suitable platform for standards for this new generation of meters to ensure interoperability – a must for large-scale rollouts and for enabling competition. Responding to this need, the DLMS UA decided to add new communication profiles for PLC, with a view to offering the result for international standardisation to the IEC, using a fast track mechanism.
DLMS COSEM ANSI C Source Code Library, DLMS Enable Your Meters Quickly with the Leader in DLMS COSEM Libraries with Certified StackConfiguration Interface The DLMS SCL provides a rich configuration interface. Implementers of the SCL can configure: Logical Device Associations Multiple associations may be configured with different Application Contexts, Authentication Mechanisms and Conformance block services: Complete OBIS and/or SN list of supported objects supported Static Information for each object Capture Object lists for Profile Generic objects Configurable Buffer Sizes LN/ SN support Interface Classes support Data interface: The Data interface to the Meter consists of a set of functions that are called on receipt of DLMS get/set or actions request from a client (or their SN equivalents). The SCL will process the request, take care of access-privilege checking and call appropriate methods in the data interface.
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Connection-oriented ( CO-mode [ 1 ] ) communication is a network communication mode in telecommunications and computer networking, where a communication session or a semi-permanent connection is established before any useful data can be transferred, and where a stream of data is delivered in the same order as it was sent. The alternative to connection-oriented transmission is connectionless communication , for example the datagram mode communication used by the IP and UDP protocols, where data may be delivered out of order, since different packets are routed independently, and may be delivered over different paths. Connection-oriented communication may be a circuit switched connection, or a packet-mode virtual circuit connection.
High-Level Data Link Control ( HDLC ) is a bit-oriented code-transparent synchronous data link layer protocol developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The original ISO standards for HDLC are: ISO 3309 – Frame Structure ISO 4335 – Elements of Procedure ISO 6159 – Unbalanced Classes of Procedure ISO 6256 – Balanced Classes of Procedure
Short for H igh-level D ata L ink C ontrol, a transmission protocol used at the data link layer (layer 2) of the OSI seven layer model for data communications. The HDLC protocol embeds information in a data frame that allows devices to control data flow and correct errors. HDLC is an ISO standard developed from the Synchronous Data Link Control (SDLC) standard proposed by IBM in the 1970's.
Abstract Syntax Notation One ( ASN.1 ) is a standard and flexible notation that describes rules and structures for representing, encoding , transmitting, and decoding data in telecommunications and computer networking .
Documents listing standard COSEM objects These documents contain the list of standard COSEM objects. Each COSEM object is identified by its logical name given by OBIS, class identifier and version. The interface class definitions also specify the data types to be used for each attribute. In some cases, a choice between data types is allowed. The document DLMS UA 1001-6 “COSEM conformance testing – List of standardised OBIS codes” lists valid combinations of logical names / OBIS codes and interface class(es).
DLMS/COSEM for smart metering The DLMS/COSEM standard suite (IEC 62056 / EN 13757-1) is the most widely accepted international standard for utility meter data exchange. This global acceptance is clearly demonstrated by the continued fast growth of the membership of the DLMS User Association and by the number of meter types certified to be DLMS / COSEM compliant. The DLMS / COSEM standard suite has been developed based on two strong and proven concepts: object modelling of application data and the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model. This allows covering the widest possible range of applications and communication media.
How is DLMS/COSEM different from other standards for meter data exchange? The most commonly used standard for meter data exchange is the FLAG protocol, standardised for the purposes of electricity metering as IEC 61107 by IEC TC 13. Other protocols widely used are: the Euridis protocol used mainly in France over twisted pairs, standardised by IEC TC 13 as IEC 62056-31:1999 for electricity metering; MBUS for heat metering, standardised by CEN TC 294 as EN1434-3:1997 (future EN 13757-2 and -3), IEC 60870-5-102:1996 for transmission of integrated totals, in and between transmission and distribution stations, standardised by IEC TC 57; in North America, the ANSI C12.18 (optical port), C12.19 (utility tables) and C12.21 (communication through telephone modems).
IEC62056 is a set of standards for Electricity metering – Data exchange for meter reading, tariff and load control by International Electrotechnical Commission. The IEC62056 standards are the International Standard versions of the DLMS/COSEM specification. DLMS or Device Language Message Specification (originally Distribution Line Message Specification [ 1 ] ), is the suite of standards developed and maintained by the DLMS User Association and has been co-opted by the IEC TC13 WG14 into the IEC 62056 series of standards.