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Références EFSA

Références CDC. ONEHEALTH_NL 21/12/11 Risk Profile Humaan Schmallenbergvirus. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005959-13 Schmallenberg virus spreading: livestock at risk. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has issued an alert: the Schmallenberg (SBV) virus, which affects both young and adult cattle, sheep and goats, is spreading among European livestock.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005959-13 Schmallenberg virus spreading: livestock at risk

In April 2013, the virus was detected in Scottish cattle sheds, and there have been isolated outbreaks in Norway, Finland and Sweden. The EFSA has reported that since September 2011 the number of confirmed cases has been steadily increasing, with serious ramifications for livestock farmers in terms of lower production, reduced fertility, incidences of deformities and a high rate of stillbirth. Italian livestock farms have also been affected by the virus. Following a case recorded in the Veneto region in February 2012, the Istituto Zooprofilatico di Teramo (Teramo Animal Disease Prevention Institute) confirmed two new outbreaks in Sardinia, which affected 85 farms between November 2012 and March 2013.

In April, four new outbreaks were also identified in the provinces of Piedmont and Cuneo. 1. 2. 3. CIRAD - projet de recherche 2012-2013 Projet Schmallenberg : comprendre l’émergence du virus Schmallenberg en Europe. Pendant l'été 2011, en Allemagne et aux Pays-Bas, des symptômes cliniques atypiques chez des vaches laitières ont pour la première fois été notifiés.

CIRAD - projet de recherche 2012-2013 Projet Schmallenberg : comprendre l’émergence du virus Schmallenberg en Europe

Rapidement, des pertes à la naissance sont observées en Allemagne sur des troupeaux ovins et bovins. Le responsable est un nouveau orthobunyavirus émergent, proche des virus Shamonda, Aino et Akabane. Objectifs. OIE 15/05/13 OIE technical meeting discusses risks related to Schmallenberg virus and international trade (anglais) Paris, le 15 mai 2013 – L’Organisation mondiale de la santé animale (OIE) a tenu les 7 et 8 mai 2013 une réunion technique informelle sur les risques liés à l’exportation de bovins et de petits ruminants vivants, de leur semence, de leurs ovules et des autres produits qui en sont issus, à partir de pays infectés par le virus de Schmallenberg.

OIE 15/05/13 OIE technical meeting discusses risks related to Schmallenberg virus and international trade (anglais)

Parmi les participants se trouvaient des experts de l’OIE, à savoir le professeur Steven Edwards (ex-président de la Commission des normes biologiques, qui a présidé cette réunion), la Docteure Ann Brigitte Cay (Belgique), le Docteur Peter Kirkland (Australie), le Docteur Toshiyuki Tsutsui (Japon), ainsi que des représentants du Bélarus, de la Fédération de Russie et du Kazakhstan. Cette rencontre a permis aux participants de partager leurs points de vue sur les risques potentiels de propagation du virus de Schmallenberg par le biais des échanges internationaux d’animaux et de produits d'origine animale.

VETVIR_UZH_CH - MAI 2013 - Virus Portrats : RNA / Bunyaviridae "Schmallenberg" Virus (SBV) DG SANCO 22/04/13 animal health - Schmallenberg Virus - EFSA overview on intermediate technical report of the EU scientific stud. IZS_IT - Schmallenberg virus in Sardinia Region. Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise "G.

IZS_IT - Schmallenberg virus in Sardinia Region

Caporale" in its role of OIE Collaborating Center for Veterinary Training, Epidemiology, Food Safety and Animal Welfare organised the International Conference on " Risk analysis as a tool for the control of animal diseases and zoonoses in the Mediterranean Basin ", under the auspices of World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Italian Ministry of Health. The conference was held in Teramo on November, 5-7, 2013 at the International Centre for Veterinary Training and Information "F. Gramenzi" (CIFIV). Risk analysis, has taken over the years an increasingly central role in the scientific debate .

In this context t he Conference was an important tool to improve the scientific exchange among researchers of the Mediterranean Basin concerning risk analysis applied to epidemiology, veterinary public health , food safety and animal welfare. I. II. III. IV. 1. 2. 3. 4. Scientific Report of EFSA: "Schmallenberg" virus: Analysis of the epidemiological data and Impact assessment. EFSA Journal 2012;10(6):2768 [89 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2012.2768 Type: Scientific Report of EFSA On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2012-00305 Approved: 13 June 2012 Published: 14 June 2012 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Parma Italy This scientific report provides an overall assessment of the impact of the infection on animal health, animal production and animal welfare of the provisionally named “Schmallenberg” virus (SBV) first detected in Germany.

Scientific Report of EFSA: "Schmallenberg" virus: Analysis of the epidemiological data and Impact assessment

In Europe, 3745 holdings have been reported with SBV cases confirmed by laboratory testing across several Member States, mid May 2012. EFSA reviewed the epidemiological reports noting that SBV has been detected in cattle, sheep, goats and a bison. SBV antibodies have been detected in deer and no other species are known to be affected. ECDC 22/12/11 New Orthobunyavirus isolated from infected cattle and small livestock ─ potential implications for human health.

RIVM 22/12/11 Veelgestelde vragen Schmallenbergvirus. FRIEDRICH-LOEFFLER-INSTITUT - MARS 2014 – Schmallenberg-Virus. Stand: 24.

FRIEDRICH-LOEFFLER-INSTITUT - MARS 2014 – Schmallenberg-Virus

März 2014 Fallzahlen und Karte werden aktualisiert, sobald neue Fälle gemeldet werden. In Deutschland wurde SBV seit Anfang 2012 bei Tieren aus insgesamt 2504 Betrieben festgestellt. Betroffen sind 1478 Rinder-, 973 Schaf- und 53 Ziegenhaltungen. Infektionen mit dem Schmallenberg-Virus wurden seit seinem ersten Auftreten Ende 2011 in einer ganzen Reihe von Staaten in Europa festgestellt, u. a. in den Niederlanden, Belgien, Großbritannien, Irland, Frankreich, Luxemburg, Dänemark, Estland, Finnland, Norwegen, Schweden, Polen, Italien, Spanien, Österreich und der Schweiz . EUROPEAN LIVESTOCK ASSOCIATION - DEC 2011 - Schmallenberg virus: read more. In the framework of a study co-financed by the European Union, the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI) analyzed the semen of bulls with a known SBV-antibody status for the presence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) genome.

EUROPEAN LIVESTOCK ASSOCIATION - DEC 2011 - Schmallenberg virus: read more

All samples were investigated with an optimized RNA extraction method and a real-time RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) system developed and established at the FLI. At present, 740 semen batches from 94 SBV-infected and seroconverting/seroconverted bulls have been analyzed. 26 semen batches from 11 bulls reacted positive in the RT-qPCR analyses with Cq-values from 26 to 37.