FDA MAI 2009 Environmental Sampling and Detection of Salmonella in Poultry Houses. Sampling for verification of an on-farm egg programManure is the preferred sample type.
Use a 10 cm × 10 cm (4 in × 4 in) 12 ply sterile gauze pad which is aseptically attached to a pole by clips or to a string. The clips should be disinfected before each use with 70% ethanol. The gauze pad and string, or gauze pad alone, should be sterilized by autoclaving. Moisten pad with canned evaporated milk, canned skim (fat free) evaporated milk or canned low fat evaporated milk. Disinfect the top of the canned milk with 70% ethanol before opening. CDC EID - OCT 2016 - Outbreaks of Human Salmonella Infections Associated with Live Poultry, United States, 1990–2014.
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA Suggested citation for this article Abstract Backyard poultry flocks have increased in popularity concurrent with an increase in live poultry–associated salmonellosis (LPAS) outbreaks.
Better understanding of practices that contribute to this emerging public health issue is needed. We reviewed outbreak reports to describe the epidemiology of LPAS outbreaks in the United States, examine changes in trends, and inform prevention campaigns. Salmonella species are zoonotic bacteria found in the intestinal tract of many animals, including cattle, pigs, horses, other mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and poultry (e.g., chickens, ducks, geese, and turkeys) (1).
Although Salmonella is commonly transmitted through food, recent outbreaks have highlighted direct or indirect contact with animals as a frequent route of transmission (4). Reported outbreak onset dates ranged from January to July. Dr. Acknowledgment. PERFORMANCE_GOV - 2014 - Reduce the number of foodborne Salmonella illnesses that are associated with USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)-regulated products—meat, poultry, and processed egg products. All-Illness Measure (Salmonella illnesses): In Q3, FY2015, FSIS did not achieve the Agency’s illness reduction targets set for Salmonella.
The target for Q3, FY2015 was 359,867 Salmonella illnesses, and FSIS did not achieve that goal with an estimated 369,401illnesses. While the overall Salmonella CDC FoodNet case rates did decrease from 15.45 cases/100,000 persons in Q2, FY2015 to 15.42 cases/100,000 persons in Q3, FY2015, this decrease was not enough to outweigh the large increase in the Salmonella CDC FoodNet case rate that occurred between Q1 and Q2 of FY2015 (14.79 cases/100,000 persons in Q1 to 15.45 cases/100,000 persons in Q2)., Consequently, steps identified in the Strategy section of the APG document and discussed below, are still needed.  FoodNet case rates are based on a moving 12-month window of data.
USDA - MARS 2014 - Best Management Practices Handbook - A guide to the mitigation of Salmonella contamination at poultry hatcheries. Revue Élev. Méd. vét. Pays trop - 2003 - Prevalence of Salmonella and Campylobacter in Retail Chicken Carcasses in Senegal. DEFRA 02/02/15 Salmonella in poultry: testing laboratories in the UK. CODA CERVA - 2013 - Salmonella Serotypes analysed at CODA-CERVA in 2012 - Evolution among Poultry, Cattle and Pig Isolates from.
CENTER FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF RESEARCH POLICY (Washington) 06/10/10 d- and z-values of salmonella in ground chicken breast meat. Rev. Bras. Cienc. Avic. vol.10 no.1 Campinas Jan./Mar. 2008 Salmonella Enteritidis in commercial layer flocks in Europe: legisla. Salmonella Enteritidis in commercial layer flocks in Europe: legislative background, on-farm sampling and main challenges Carrique-Mas JJ; Davies RH Department of Food and Environmental Safety Veterinary Laboratories Agency Mail Address Background During 2006 there were 160,645 reported human cases of salmonellosis in the then 25 Member States of the European Union (equivalent to an incidence of 35.4 cases per 100,000 population (EFSA, 2007a), making Salmonella the second most commonly reported gastrointestinal zoonotic infection across the EU.
Epidemiological investigations demonstrated that contaminated eggs produced by infected laying hens were the main source of human infection with SE (Coyle et al., 1988; Gillespie & Elson, 2005; Gillespie et al., 2005; Rabsch et al., 2001). The existing surveillance data from breeding flocks and baseline survey data from commercial chicken flocks were the basis of reduction targets on a country-by-country basis.
Matrix of sampling: Faeces or dust?
RIVM 21/12/10 EU Interlaboratory comparison study veterinary XIII (2010) : Detection of Salmonella in chicken faeces.