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PLOS 08/06/17 Evaluation of an enhanced cleaning and disinfection protocol in Salmonella contaminated pig holdings in the United Kingdom. Abstract Salmonella is the second most commonly reported zoonotic gastrointestinal pathogen in the European Union, and a significant proportion of the cases are linked to the consumption of contaminated pork.

PLOS 08/06/17 Evaluation of an enhanced cleaning and disinfection protocol in Salmonella contaminated pig holdings in the United Kingdom

Reduction of Salmonella at the farm level helps to mininimise the contamination pressure at the slaughterhouse, and therefore the number of Salmonella bacteria entering the food chain. Cleaning and disinfection (C&D) between batches of pigs is an intervention measure that has potential to reduce the transmission of Salmonella contamination within farms. PIG333 06/03/17 Update on Salmonella control programs - Control programs, which should have started in 2012, have not yet been implemented in most European countries today. The context of Salmonella control; Momentum in the first decade of the 21st century During the first decade of the 21st century, Salmonella became one of the main pathogens to be controlled in pigs.

PIG333 06/03/17 Update on Salmonella control programs - Control programs, which should have started in 2012, have not yet been implemented in most European countries today

The high number of human cases of salmonellosis, exceededing 200,000 per year at that time in the European Union (EU), and the success, at least in part, of control programs in northern countries led to a series of baseline prevalence studies in poultry and pigs in the EU, the results of which would serve to establish the objectives of future programs for control and reduction of prevalence in each of the Member States.

Cross-sectional studies in breeding and fattening pigs revealed more or less important prevalences in countries with high production and a strong export industry (EFSA, 2008, 2009) (Figure 1A and 1B). However, the control plans, which should have begun in 2012, have still not been implemented in most European countries today. Table 1. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 136 (2017) 19–28 Longitudinal study of Salmonella 1,4,[5],12:i:- shedding in five Australian pig herds. PIGSITE 25/11/16 Salmonella Reduction in Pork Production. Featured Articles Salmonella Reduction in Pork Production 25 November 2016 Yearly approximately 80 million cases of human Salmonella infections are reported world wide.

PIGSITE 25/11/16 Salmonella Reduction in Pork Production

This makes Salmonella one of the most important zoonosis. SAFEPORK - 2005 - THE CORRELATION BETWEEN SEROLOGY AND ISOLATION OF SALMONELLA IN PIGS AT SLAUGHTERIN SOUTHERN BRAZIL. Journal of Agriculture, Science and Technology - 2016 - CHARACTERIZATION OF SALMONELLA ISOLATES OBTAINED FROM PIGS SLAUGHTERED AT WAMBIZZI ABATTOIR IN KAMPALA, UGAND. FAO - AOUT 2016 - GUIDELINES FOR THE CONTROL OF NONTYPHOIDAL SALMONELLA SPP. IN BEEF AND PORK MEAT CAC/GL87 - 2016 Adopted 2016. VETERINARY RESEARCH 07/12/11 Stress induced Salmonella Typhimurium recrudescence in pigs coincides with cortisol induced increased intracellular proliferation in macrophages. Conflicting results have been published concerning the effect of different stressors on the shedding of Salmonella Typhimurium in pigs [33–38].

VETERINARY RESEARCH 07/12/11 Stress induced Salmonella Typhimurium recrudescence in pigs coincides with cortisol induced increased intracellular proliferation in macrophages

However, our findings elucidate that a natural stress stimulus like feed withdrawal causes recrudescence of a Salmonella Typhimurium infection in carrier pigs. Feed withdrawal before transport to the slaughterhouse is a common practice to reduce the risk of carcass and environmental contamination because a decrease of the gastrointestinal tract weight results in a lower risk of lacerations during evisceration [39]. However, we showed that feed withdrawal practices could result in an increased risk of contamination. Martín-Peláez et al. hypothesized that the increased faecal excretion of Salmonella Typhimurium after feed withdrawal could be the result of a lower short-chain fatty acids concentration, an increased pH or an increased number of lactic acid bacteria such as lactobacilli [34].

Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift, 2008, 78 A qualitative risk assessment for human salmonellosis due to the consumption of fresh pork in Belgium. USDA 11/12/15 Salmonella in the Pork Production Chain. Originally published as a National Pork Board/American Meat Science Association Fact Sheet.

USDA 11/12/15 Salmonella in the Pork Production Chain

Authors: J.S. Dickson, Dept. of Microbiology, College of Agriculture, Iowa State University; H.S. Hurd & M. H. Veterinary Microbiology 130, 1-2 (2008) Non-typhoidal Salmonella infections in pigs: a closer look at epidemiology, pathogenesis and control. BMC Veterinary Research 2013, 9:243 Effect of a DIVA vaccine with and without in-feed use of coated calcium-butyrate on transmission of Salmonella Typhimurium in pigs. International Journal of Food Microbiology (Impact Factor: 3.43). 03/2014; Probabilistic approach for determining Salmonella spp. and L. monocytogenes concentration in pork meat from presence/absence microbiological data. ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY - MARS 2014 - Salmonella enterica prevalence in finishing pigs at slaughter plants in Northern Italy. Abstract Finishing pigs carrying Salmonella enterica are believed to be the main source of carcass contamination at the beginning of slaughtering.

ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY - MARS 2014 - Salmonella enterica prevalence in finishing pigs at slaughter plants in Northern Italy.

The aim of this study was to assess the S. enterica carrier status of finishing pigs at herd level by sampling pooled faeces on farm and mesenteric lymph nodes at slaughter in the North East of Italy. Environmental faecal samples belonging to 30 batches of pigs were collected on farm. At slaughter, mesenteric lymph nodes were collected from five randomly selected pigs per batch. S. enterica was isolated from 16 lymph nodes out of 150 (10.6%) and from seven out of 30 (23.3%) faecal samples. Keywords. 10th Year Anniversary of Veterinary Public Health Centre for Asia Pacific 2-6 July 2013 Quantifying Salmonella Contamination in Pig Slaughterhouses in Hung Yen, Vietnam Sinh Dang.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY - 2013 - Prevalence and characterization of Salmonella species isolated from pigs, ducks and chickens in Sichuan Province, China. BMC Veterinary Research 2014, 10:59 Simultaneous infections by different Salmonella strains in mesenteric lymph nodes of finishing pigs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report in pigs demonstrating that the same animal may be naturally infected by multiple Salmonella strains.

BMC Veterinary Research 2014, 10:59 Simultaneous infections by different Salmonella strains in mesenteric lymph nodes of finishing pigs

For this, a thorough microbiological analysis of MLN was carried out in a limited number of animals belonging to farms with high salmonellosis prevalence and where multiple circulating Salmonella strain types were previously identified. Although it was not the objective of this study, our results suggest that Salmonella co-infections may be quite common in pig herds with multiple Salmonella circulating strains. The existence of multiple infections in the same animal suggests that pigs can be either infected simultaneously during a brief period either through one or multiple sources (i.e. food, water, environment, etc.) or re-infected along the different stages of their productive life (i.e. postweaning, growing, and finishing periods).

CODEX ALIMENTARIUS 20/11/15 Food Hygiene progresses with work on Salmonella in Beef and Pork. The Codex Committee on Food Hygiene (CCFH) was established in 1964 to draft basic provisions on food hygiene applicable to all food and prioritize areas where there is a need for microbiological risk assessment at the international level. The committee held its 47th session in Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 9–13 November 2015. Technical experts, senior administrators and researchers representing 75 member countries, one member organization and nine international governmental and non-governmental organizations attended. New work The Committee requested the Codex Alimentarius Commission to approve new work on the revision of the General Principles of Food Hygiene (CAC/RCP 1-1969) and its HACCP Annex as well as the revision of the Code of Hygienic Practice for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables (CAC/RCP 53-2003) Successful outcomes for working groups. WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY - 2011 - Salmonella spp. in wild boar (Sus scrofa): a public and animal health concern.

Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 72, No. 11, 2009, Pages 2326–2331 Risk Factors at Slaughter Associated with Presence of Salmonella on Hog Carcasses in Canada. Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA) - 2014 - Poster : PRESENCE OF CEPHALOSPORIN RESISTANT SALMONELLA FROM PIG FARMS USING DIFFERENT MEDICATION REGIMES. PIGSITE 28/01/15 The Link Between Feed and Salmonella in Pigs. Featured Articles.

PIGSITE 28/01/15 The Link Between Feed and Salmonella in Pigs

PIG333 03/06/13 Salmonella in wild birds: a risk for swine? Wild birds are possible sources of salmonellosis for humans and other animals.

PIG333 03/06/13 Salmonella in wild birds: a risk for swine?

They can become infected with this pathogen from contaminated environments and further transmit it to humans (Figure 1). Figure 1. Possible transmission routes of Salmonella spp. from wild birds to humans. BMC Veterinary Research 2014, 10:59 Simultaneous infections by different Salmonella strains in mesenteric lymph nodes of finishing pigs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report in pigs demonstrating that the same animal may be naturally infected by multiple Salmonella strains.

BMC Veterinary Research 2014, 10:59 Simultaneous infections by different Salmonella strains in mesenteric lymph nodes of finishing pigs

For this, a thorough microbiological analysis of MLN was carried out in a limited number of animals belonging to farms with high salmonellosis prevalence and where multiple circulating Salmonella strain types were previously identified. Although it was not the objective of this study, our results suggest that Salmonella co-infections may be quite common in pig herds with multiple Salmonella circulating strains. The existence of multiple infections in the same animal suggests that pigs can be either infected simultaneously during a brief period either through one or multiple sources (i.e. food, water, environment, etc.) or re-infected along the different stages of their productive life (i.e. postweaning, growing, and finishing periods).

ISRN Veterinary Science Volume 2013 (2013), Investigation of the Distribution of Salmonella within an Integrated Pig Breeding and Production Organisation in the United Kingdom. Page. BELGIQUE : Veterinary Microbiology Volume 171, Issues 3–4, 16 July 2014, Pages 298–306 Antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella isolates from healthy pigs and chickens (2008–2011)

Volume 171, Issues 3–4, 16 July 2014, Pages 298–306 Special Issue: ARAE 2013, Antimicrobial Resistance of Bacteria from Animals and the Environment Edited By Patrick Butaye, Engeline van Duijkeren, John F. Prescott and Stefan Schwarz. FSA - JUILLET 2012 - Serious about Salmonella - A guide for pig producers. THIRD INTERNATIONAL EPIZOOTIOLOGY DAYS & XV SERBIAN EPIZOOTIOLOGY DAYS PROCEEDINGS - MAI 2013 - Au sommaire:STUDY ON PREVALENCE. MEAT SITE 25/10/12 Slight Rise in UK Salmonella Tests in Pigs. Featured Articles Slight Rise in UK Salmonella Tests in Pigs 25 October 2012 Results from the June Agricultural Census indicated little change in the size of the Great Britain pig herd from 2010, down 1.3 per cent to 3.99 million head, accroding to th report from Defra's Veterinary Laboratories Agency.

Pig numbers in England and Wales (combined) were essentially unchanged at 3.6 million head while in Scotland numbers fell from 410,700 to 390,000, a reduction of five per cent on the previous year. In 2011, over 9.81 million pork and bacon pigs were slaughtered in the UK, including 8.2 million in Great Britain, an increase of 4.4 per cent on the previous year. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology. 2012 November; 6(1): 36-41. Antimicrobial Resistance in Salmonella enterica Isolated From P. 1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Thaksin University (Phattalung Campus), Paphayom, Phatthalung, 93110, Thailand 2 Department of Animal Production Technology, Faculty of Technology and Community Development, Thaksin University (Phatthalung Campus), Paphayom, Phatthalung, Thailand *Corresponding author: Monthon Lertworapreecha, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Thaksin University, (Phattalung Campus), 222 Paphayom, Phatthalung, 93110, Thailand.

Tel.: +66-74693992, Fax: +66-74693992, E-mail: worapreecha@gmail.com. Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology. 2012 December; 6(1): 36-41. , DOI: 10.5812/jjm.4312 Article Type: Research Article; Revised: May 11, 2012; Accepted: May 29, 2012; epub: Dec 1, 2012; ppub: Dec 2012. CODA CERVA - 2013 - Salmonella Serotypes analysed at CODA-CERVA in 2012 - Evolution among Poultry, Cattle and Pig Isolates from. CHIANG MAI UNIVERSITY - SEPT 2007 - Thèse en ligne : PREVALENCE OF SALMONELLA ON PIG CARCASSES AT A SLAUGHTERHOUSE IN HANOI, VIE.

International Journal of Food Microbiology 151 (2011) 307–313 Prevalence, distribution, and molecular characterization of Salmon. AGRI-FOOD AND BIOSCIENCES INSTITUTE - FEV 2011 - A review of current knowledge on Salmonella control on-farm and within the proc. ACTA VETERINARIA SCAND - 2010 - An assessment of soybeans and other vegetable proteins as source of Salmonella contamination in. Imported high risk feed material In 2004 and 2005 a total of 795 (year/no consignments: 2004/398 and 2005/397) consignments of vegetable proteins, mostly soybean and rapeseed meal, were imported to Sweden. A total 5250 pooled samples were investigated for salmonella contamination and 131 (2.5%) of the samples and 83 (10.4%) of the consignments were contaminated.

When result was split into different products 14.6% and 10.0% of imported consignments of soybean meal and rapeseed meal, respectively, were found to be contaminated (Figure 1). It should be noted that Figure 1 in contrast to Figure 2, does not include soybean meal which was tested negative for salmonella before export from a Scandinavian source, at a volume corresponding to the mean size of approximately 46 shiploads. Figure 1. Figure 2. 2. The result of the mandatory environmental samples taken at different control points before and after heat treatment is presented in Table 1 and 2.

Table 2. Table 3. Table 4. Figure 3. Zoonoses and Public Health - Special Issue: SafePork Guest Editor: Wondwossen A. Gebreyes Volume 57, Issue Supplement s1, pages. Summary Salmonella in pork can be combated during pre- or post-harvest. For large slaughterhouses, post-harvest measures like decontamination might be cost-effective while this is less likely with small-to-medium sized slaughterhouses. ACTA VETERINARIA SCAND - 2010 - An assessment of soybeans and other vegetable proteins as source of Salmonella contamination in.

Zoonoses and Public Health - Special Issue: SafePork Guest Editor: Wondwossen A. Gebreyes Volume 57, Issue Supplement s1, pages. DG SANCO 11/10/10 food safety - Salmonella and Food-borne Diseases - Implementation of the RegulationFattening pigs - Analysis o.