The Fabaceae or Leguminosae , commonly known as the legume , pea , or bean family , are a large and economically important family of flowering plants . The group is the third-largest land plant family, behind only the Orchidaceae and Asteraceae , with 730 genera and over 19,400 species. [ 4 ] The largest genera are Astragalus (over 2,400 species), Acacia (over 950 species), Indigofera (around 700 species), Crotalaria (around 700 species), and Mimosa (around 500 species). Plants of this family are found throughout the world, growing in many different environments and climates. A number are important agricultural and food plants, including Glycine max (soybean), Phaseolus (beans), Pisum sativum (pea), Cicer arietinum (chickpeas), Medicago sativa (alfalfa), Arachis hypogaea (peanut), Ceratonia siliqua (carob), and Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice).
Zornia latifolia is a perennial herb, with little yellow flowers. Its stem is 20 to 50 cm long, glabrous or pubescent, with a prostrate growth habit and intense branching. It is known to have psychoactive effects, and is often part of herbal spice or fake cannabis mixtures. [ edit ] Description Zornia latifolia is a plant native to South America , Argentina , Boliva , Brazil , Ecuador , Guyana , Paraguay , Peru , Suriname , Uruguay and Venezuela . It has also been naturalized in some parts of west Africa.
Codariocalyx motorius (though often placed in Desmodium [ 1 ] ), known as the telegraph plant or semaphore plant , is a tropical Asian shrub, one of a few plants capable of rapid movement ; others include Mimosa pudica and the venus flytrap . It is widely distributed throughout Bangladesh , Bhutan , Cambodia , China , India , Indonesia , Laos , Malaysia , Myanmar , Nepal , Pakistan , Sri Lanka , Taiwan , Thailand and Vietnam . It can even be found on the Society Islands , a remote chain of islands in the South Pacific.
Entada rheedii , commonly known as the African Dream Herb or Snuff Box Sea Bean , and as the Cacoon Vine in Jamaica, is a large woody liana or climber. Their seeds have a thick and durable seed coat which allows them to survive lengthy periods of immersion in seawater. [ edit ] Naming Though the legitimate name was first published as E. rheedii , it is often written as Entada rheedei , honouring Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede tot Draakestein (1637–1691). [ 2 ] [ edit ] Traditional use The species is employed in African traditional medicine to induce vivid dreams, enabling communication with the spirit world.
For other tree species with similar names, see Algarrobo (disambiguation) . Prosopis nigra (synonym Prosopis algarrobilla ) is a South American leguminous tree species that inhabits the Gran Chaco ecoregion (in particular, the transition zone between the Wet Chaco and the Southern Chaco), in Argentina and Paraguay . It is known as algarrobo negro in Spanish , which means "black carob tree" (the Spanish settlers gave it that name, as they did with many other species of genus Prosopis , because of its similarity to the European carob tree ). It is also variously called algarrobo dulce , algarrobo morado and algarrobo amarillo ("sweet", "purple" and "yellow" carob tree, respectively). The tree blossoms in September and October, and gives fruit from November to March. It grows together with the vinalillo tree ( Prosopis vinalillo ) and under the tops of the palm tree Copernicia alba .
Vachellia farnesiana , also known as Acacia farnesiana , and previously Mimosa farnesiana , commonly known as Needle Bush , is so named because of the numerous thorns distributed along its branches. The native range of V. farnesiana is uncertain. While the point of origin is Mexico and Central America the species has a pantropical distribution incorporating Northern Australia and Southern Asia . It remains unclear whether the extra-American distribution is primarily natural or anthropogenic. [ 1 ] It is deciduous over part of its range, [ 2 ] but evergreen in most locales. [ 3 ] The species grows to a height of up to 8 metres (26 ft) [ 4 ] and has a life span of about 25–50 years. [ 5 ] Vachellia farnesiana The plant has been recently [ when?
Mucuna pruriens is a tropical legume known as velvet bean or cowitch and by other common names (see below), found in Africa, India and the Caribbean. The plant is infamous for the extreme itchiness it produces on contact, particularly with the young foliage and the seed pods. It has value in agricultural and horticultural use and has a range of medicinal properties. [ edit ] Description The plant is an annual, climbing shrub with long vines that can reach over 15 m in length. When the plant is young, it is almost completely covered with fuzzy hairs, but when older, it is almost completely free of hairs.
Mimosa tenuiflora , syn. Mimosa hostilis ( Jurema , Tepezcohuite ) is a perennial tree or shrub native to the northeastern region of Brazil ( Paraíba , Rio Grande do Norte , Ceará , Pernambuco , Bahia ) and found as far north as southern Mexico ( Oaxaca and coast of Chiapas ). [ 3 ] It is most often found in lower altitudes, but it can be found as high as 1000 m. [ 3 ] [ edit ] Description The fern -like branches have leaves that are Mimosa like, finely pinnate, growing to 5 cm long. Each compound leaf contains 15-33 pairs of bright green leaflets 5-6 mm long.
Mimosa scabrella is a tree in the Fabaceae family. It is very fast growing and it can reach a height of 15 m tall in only 3 years. [ 2 ] Its trunk is about 0.1-0.5 m in diameter. [ 3 ] It has yellow flowers. [ 4 ] The tree's seeds number about 65,000–70,000 seeds/kg. [ 3 ] [ edit ] Uses Before the advent of the diesel locomotive , M. scabrella wood was grown to fuel railroads in parts of Brazil . [ 3 ]
The Wild syringa ( Burkea africana ) is a deciduous, medium-sized, spreading, flat-topped tree belonging to the family Caesalpiniaceae . The genus was named in honour of Joseph Burke , the botanist and collector. Widespread in tropical Africa, it is found in Chad , Sudan , Tanzania , Uganda , Cameroon , Central African Republic , Zaire , Benin , Burkina Faso , Côte d'Ivoire , Ghana , Guinea , Mali , Niger , Nigeria , Senegal , Togo , Angola , Malawi , Mozambique , Zambia , Zimbabwe , Botswana , Namibia , South Africa in the Transvaal .
Cassia fistula , known as the golden shower tree and other names , is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae , native to southern Asia , from southern Pakistan east through India to Myanmar and south to Sri Lanka . It is associated with the Mullai region of Sangam landscape . It is the national tree of Thailand , and its flower is Thailand's national flower. It is also state flower of Kerala in India and of immense importance amongst Malayali population.
Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil ( Griseb. ) Altschul is a mimosa -like timber tree native to Caatinga and Cerrado vegetation in Argentina , Bolivia , Brazil , Paraguay and Peru . It has also been introduced to Mauritius . It grows up to 25 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 60-90 cm. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] The tree's mimosa-like leaves range in length from about 7-20 cm.
"Ebene" redirects here. For the city in Mauritius, see Ebene City . Anadenanthera peregrina , also known as Yopo , Jopo , Cohoba , Mopo , Nopo , Jungle Juice , Parica or Calcium Tree , is a perennial tree of the Anadenanthera genus native to the Caribbean and South America . [ 1 ] It grows up to 20 m tall, having a horny bark. Its flowers are pale yellow to white and spherical. It is not listed as being a threatened species . It is an entheogen used in healing ceremonies and rituals .
Anadenanthera colubrina (also known as Vilca, Huilco, Wilco, Cebil , or Angico ) is a South American tree closely related to Yopo , or Anadenanthera peregrina . It grows from 5 m to 20 m tall and the trunk is very thorny. [ 1 ] The leaves are mimosa -like, up to 30 cm in length and they fold up at night. [ 2 ] In Chile , A. colubrina produces flowers from September to December and bean pods from September to July. [ 3 ] In Brazil A. colubrina has been given "high priority" conservation status. [ 1 ] [ edit ] Geography A. colubrina is found in Argentina , Bolivia , Brazil , Ecuador , Paraguay , Peru , Cuba , and Mauritius . [ 4 ]