Metabolic Biosynthesis of Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Antioxidants and Implications for Human Health - PubMed. Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is common, affordable, readily stored, easily prepared for consumption, and nutritious.
For these reasons, potato has become one of the top five crops consumed worldwide. Consequently, it is important to understand its contribution to both our daily and long-term health. Potato is one of the most important sources of antioxidants in the human diet. As such, it supports the antioxidant defense network in our bodies that reduces cellular and tissue toxicities that result from free radical-induced protein, lipid, carbohydrate, and DNA damage. In this way, potato antioxidants may reduce the risk for cancers, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and even radiation damage. Effect of Dietary Saponin Rich Soapnut (Sapindus Mukorossi) Shell Powder on Growth Performance, Immunity, Serum Biochemistry and Gut Health of Broiler Chickens - PubMed.
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary soapnut (Sapindus mukorossi) shell powder (SSP), a cheap source of saponins, on growth performance, immunity, serum biochemistry and gut health of broiler chickens.
The experimental design was 4×2, employing four saponin levels (0, 100, 150 and 200 mg/kg diet), each provided for two time durations (0-42 day and 21-42 day) resulting into eight dietary treatments. Results revealed no significant effect of dietary saponins on body weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio of birds.
Starchy Carbohydrates in a Healthy Diet: The Role of the Humble Potato - PubMed. Potatoes have been an affordable, staple part of the diet for many hundreds of years.
Recently however, there has been a decline in consumption, perhaps influenced by erroneous reports of being an unhealthy food. This review provides an overview of the nutritional value of potatoes and examines the evidence for associations between potato consumption and non-communicable diseases. Potatoes are an important source of micronutrients, such as vitamin C, vitamin B6, potassium, folate, and iron and contribute a significant amount of fibre to the diet. However, nutrient content is affected by cooking method; boiling causes leaching of water-soluble nutrients, whereas frying can increase the resistant starch content of the cooked potato. Biomarkers of Tuber Intake - PubMed. Tubers are important crops as well as staple foods in human nutrition.
Among tubers, the potato in particular has been investigated for its health effects. However, except for its contribution to energy and effects related to resistant starch, the role of potatoes and other tubers in human health is still debated. In order to establish firm evidence for the health effects of dietary tubers and processed tuber products, it is essential to assess total intake accurately. The dietary assessment in most studies relies mainly on self-reporting and may give imprecise quantitative information on dietary intakes. Biomarkers of food intake (BFIs) are useful objective means to assess intake of specific foods or may be used as an additional measure to calibrate the measurement error in dietary reports. Subjective Satiety Following Meals Incorporating Rice, Pasta and Potato - PubMed. The satiating capacity of carbohydrate staples eaten alone is dependent upon the energy density of the food but relative satiety when starchy staples are incorporated into mixed meals is uncertain.
Our aim was to assess the satiating effects of three carbohydrate staples; jasmine rice, penne pasta, and Agria potato, each consumed within a standard mixed meal. Cooked portions of each staple containing 45 g carbohydrate were combined with 200 g of meat sauce and 200 g of mixed vegetables in three mixed meals. The quantities of staple providing 45 g carbohydrate were: Rice, 142 g; pasta, 138 g and potato 337 g. Catalogue SUDOC. La 4e de couv. indique : "Connaissez-vous le point commun entre une sauce trop salée, des cheveux gris et un coup de soleil ?
Tous ces ennuis peuvent trouver une solution avec la pomme de terre ! Dans l'armoire à pharmacie, au jardin, devant le miroir et même dans le placard à balais, la pomme de terre est utile bien au-delà des murs de votre cuisine. Si vous croyiez la connaître par coeur, faites confiance à cet ouvrage pour vous surprendre ! Au fil des pages, apprenez des recettes simples, naturelles et économiques pour votre santé, votre beauté et l'entretien de votre maison. Catalogue SUDOC. L’objectif de ce travail est de démontrer que la présence de glucomannane de konjac (KGM) dans une matrice d’amidon de pomme de terre permet d’accroître sa stabilité physique sans inhiber l’encapsulation moléculaire de composés d’arôme par l’amylose.
Pour cette étude, les deux polyosides choisis sont issus de tubercules de plantes abondantes dans la nature.L’amidon est connu pour interagir avec des composés volatils, soit en les piégeant dans la zone amorphe, soit en formant des complexes d'inclusion. Ce phénomène est appelé encapsulation moléculaire. Cependant, les matrices amylacées à forte teneur en eau présentent une synérèse pouvant être néfaste sur la stabilité du piégeage des composés d’arôme dans le temps. Le KGM possède une capacité à former des solutions extrêmement visqueuses. Anticancer activities of anthocyanin extract from genotyped Solanum tuberosum L. “Vitelotte” Effect of potato fiber on survival of Lactobacillus species at simulated gastric conditions and composition of the gut microbiota in vitro. Investigation into the anti-thrombosis effect and contents of total saponins and flavonoids in the bioactive fraction of Naodesheng prescription.
Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory activities of Quillaja saponaria Mol. saponin extract in mice. 1.
Introduction Inflammation is a complex biological response of vascular tissues against aggressive agents such as pathogens, irritants, or damaged cells. Acute inflammation is the initial response and is characterized by the increased movement of plasma and innate immune system cells, such as neutrophils and macrophages, from the blood into the injured tissues. The standard signs of inflammation are expressed by increased blood flow, elevated cellular metabolism, vasodilatation, release of soluble mediators, extravasation of fluids and cellular influx .
Upon the presence of the inflammatory agent, cell membranes induce the activation of phospholipase A2 followed by release of arachidonic acid and inflammatory mediators such as cytokines, serotonin, histamine, prostaglandin and leukotrienes that increase vascular permeability, thus facilitating the migration of leukocytes to the site of inflammation . 2. 2.1. Partially purified Quillaja saponaria Mol. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. Neuroprotective effects of triterpenoid saponins from Medicago sativa L. against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in SH-SY5Y cells. Saponins in pulses and their health promoting activities: A review. New insights into potential nutritional effects of dietary saponins in protecting against the development of obesity. Chronic saponin treatment attenuates damage to the pancreas in chronic alcohol-treated diabetic rats. A.M.
Hodge, G.K. Dowse, V.R. Potatoes and Human Health. Effect of raw potato starch on the gut microbiome and metabolome in mice. Assessment of the health impact of GM plant diets in long-term and multigenerational animal feeding trials: A literature review. Abstract : The aim of this systematic review was to collect data concerning the effects of diets containing GM maize, potato, soybean, rice, or triticale on animal health.
We examined 12 long-term studies (of more than 90days, up to 2years in duration) and 12 multigenerational studies (from 2 to 5 generations). We referenced the 90-day studies on GM feed for which long-term or multigenerational study data were available. Many parameters have been examined using biochemical analyses, histological examination of specific organs, hematology and the detection of transgenic DNA.
The statistical findings and methods have been considered from each study. Bienfaits de la pomme de terre: (EUFIC)