Modifiable Objects II
In human anatomy , the trapezius is a large superficial muscle that extends longitudinally from the occipital bone to the lower thoracic vertebrae and laterally to the spine of the scapula (shoulder blade). Its functions are to move the scapulae and support the arm . The trapezius has three functional regions: the superior region (descending part), which supports the weight of the arm; the intermediate region (transverse part), which retracts the scapulae; and the inferior region (ascending part), which medially rotates and depresses the scapulae. [ edit ] Terminology
The lipodome in connection with the total interactome of a cell.
The lipid bilayer is a thin polar membrane made of two layers of lipid molecules . These membranes are flat sheets that form a continuous barrier around cells . The cell membrane of almost all living organisms and many viruses are made of a lipid bilayer, as are the membranes surrounding the cell nucleus and other sub-cellular structures.
Microsphere are small spherical particles, with diameters in the micrometer range (typically 1 μm to 1000 μm (1 mm)). Microspheres are sometimes referred to as microparticles. Microspheres can be manufactured from various natural and synthetic materials .
The term metallome has been introduced by R.J.P. Williams by analogy with proteome as distribution of free metal ions in every one of cellular compartments. Subsequently, the term metallomics has been coined as the study of metallome.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Substrate may refer to: Substrate (building) , Natural stone, masonry surface, ceramic and porcelain tiles Substrate (aquarium) , the material used in the bottom of an aquarium Substrate (vivarium) , the material used in the bottom of a vivarium or terrarium Substrate (biochemistry) , a molecule that is acted upon by an enzyme Substrate (materials science) , the material on which a process is conducted Substrate (biology) , the natural environment in which an organism lives, or the surface or medium on which an organism grows or is attached Substrate (chemistry) , the reactant which is consumed during a catalytic or enzymatic reaction Substrate (marine biology) , the earthy material that exists in the bottom of a marine habitat, like dirt, rocks, sand, or gravel Substrate (printing) , the base material that images will be printed onto The stratum on which another geologic stratum lies
A medical contrast medium (or contrast agent ) is a substance used to enhance the contrast of structures or fluids within the body in medical imaging . [ 1 ] It is commonly used to enhance the visibility of blood vessels and the gastrointestinal tract . [ edit ] Types
A peptidomimetic is a small protein-like chain designed to mimic a peptide . They typically arise either from modification of an existing peptide, or by designing similar systems that mimic peptides, such as peptoids and β-peptides .
Cyclic peptides (or cyclic proteins ) are polypeptide chains whose amino and carboxyl termini are themselves linked together with a peptide bond that forms a circular chain.
A single-domain antibody ( sdAb , called Nanobody by Ablynx , the developer [ 1 ] ) is an antibody fragment consisting of a single monomeric variable antibody domain .
Glucosepane is a lysine - arginine protein cross-linking product and advanced glycation end product (AGE) derived from D -glucose . [ 1 ] It is an irreversible, covalent cross-link product that has been found to make intermolecular and intramolecular cross-links in the collagen of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and crystallin of the eyes. [ 2 ] Covalent protein cross-links irreversibly link proteins together in the ECM of tissues.
Schematic of the relation between an immunoglobulin and RAGE
Tissue transglutaminase (abbreviated as tTG or TG2 ) is a 78-kDa, calcium dependent enzyme ( EC 184.108.40.206 ) of the protein-glutamine γ-glutamyltransferases family (or simply transglutaminase family). [ 1 ] [ 2 ] Like other transglutaminases, it crosslinks proteins between an ε- amino group of a lysine residue and a γ-carboxamide group of glutamine residue, creating an inter- or intramolecular bond that is highly resistant to proteolysis (protein degradation). Aside from its crosslinking function, tTG catalyzes other types of reactions including deamidation , GTP-binding/hydrolyzing, and isopeptidase activities. [ 3 ] Unlike other members of the transglutaminase family, tTG can be found both in the intracellular and the extracellular spaces of various types of tissues and is found in many different organs including the heart, the liver, and the small intestine.
A sorting algorithm is an algorithm that puts elements of a list in a certain order . The most-used orders are numerical order and lexicographical order . Efficient sorting is important for optimizing the use of other algorithms (such as search and merge algorithms) which require input data to be in sorted lists; it is also often useful for canonicalizing data and for producing human-readable output.
Visual representation of a strange attractor