Gawain and his brothers.
Sir Gareth [ˈɡarɛθ] was a Knight of the Round Table in Arthurian Legend . He was the youngest son of Lot and of Morgause , King Arthur 's half-sister, thus making him Arthur's nephew, as well as brother to Gawain , Agravain , Gaheris , and half-brother to Mordred . He is the subject of Book VII in Sir Thomas Malory 's Le Morte d'Arthur , which tells how he became a knight. [ edit ] The tale According to Malory's tale Gareth comes to Camelot in disguise as a kitchen boy and is set to work by Kay , who always gives him difficult work, teases him as a lowly kitchen boy and nicknames him "Beaumains" or "Good Hands" (alternatively "Beautiful Hands" or "Fair Hands"). Gareth goes to the aid of Lynette (sometimes Lyonet, Lyonette, or Linet), to save her sister Lyonesse (or Lyonorr) from the Red Knight of the Red Lands.
Sir Gawaine the Son of Lot, King of Orkney , by Howard Pyle from The Story of King Arthur and His Knights . (1903) Gawain ( / ɡ ə ˈ w eɪ n / , [ˈgawain] ; also called Gwalchmei , Gualguanus , Gauvain , etc.) is King Arthur 's nephew and a Knight of the Round Table in the Arthurian legend . Under the name Gwalchmei , he appears very early in the legend's development, being mentioned in some of the earliest Welsh Arthurian sources. He is one of a select number of Round Table members to be referred to as one of the greatest knights, most notably in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight . He is almost always portrayed as the son of Arthur's sister Morgause (or Anna) and King Lot of Orkney and Lothian , and his brothers are Agravain , Gaheris , Gareth , and Mordred .
The original Gawain manuscript, Cotton Nero A.x.. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is a late 14th-century Middle English alliterative romance . It is one of the better-known Arthurian stories, of an established type known as the "beheading game".
A painting from the original Gawain manuscript. The Green Knight is seated on the horse, holding up his severed head in his right hand. The Green Knight is a character in the 14th-century Arthurian poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and the related work The Greene Knight . His true name is revealed to be Bercilak (or Berkilak) de Hautdesert [ 1 ] in Sir Gawain , while The Greene Knight names him " Bredbeddle ". [ 2 ] The Green Knight later appears as one of Arthur's greatest champions in the fragmentary ballad " King Arthur and King Cornwall ", again under the name "Bredbeddle". [ 3 ] In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , Bercilak is transformed into the Green Knight by Morgan le Fay , a traditional adversary of King Arthur , in order to test his court.
The Wedding of Sir Gawain and Dame Ragnelle ( The Weddynge of Syr Gawen and Dame Ragnell ) is a 15th-century English poem, one of several versions of the " loathly lady " story popular during the Middle Ages . An earlier version of the story appears as "The Wyfe of Bayths Tale" (" The Wife of Bath's Tale ") in Geoffrey Chaucer 's The Canterbury Tales , [ 1 ] and the later ballad " The Marriage of Sir Gawain " is essentially a retelling, though its relationship to the medieval poem is uncertain. [ 2 ] [ edit ] Text Stories about the Arthurian court were popular in medieval England , and the worn condition of some of the manuscripts suggests that they were well read. The Ragnelle narrative may have been intended for a festive or less than serious audience.
Sir Agravain [ needs IPA ] is a minor character in Arthurian legend , a lesser-known nephew of King Arthur who serves him as a Knight of the Round Table . In the Vulgate and Post-Vulgate cycles , as well as Thomas Malory 's Le Morte d'Arthur , he is a son of King Lot of Orkney and Anna/ Morgause (Arthur's sister) and an accomplice of his evil half-brother Mordred . Now usually characterized as a morally corrupt figure, Agravain (sometimes spelled Agravaine ) seems to have been neutral at first. Throughout the stories Agravain participates in acts of villainy such as the slaying of Sir Lamorak and Sir Dinadan , but sometimes his acts are not so malignant. He participates in a number of adventures early in the Vulgate Cycle, and sometimes even does heroic deeds.
Gaheris / ɡ ə ˈ h ɛr ɨ s / is a character in the Arthurian legend , a nephew of King Arthur and a Knight of the Round Table . As son of Arthur's sister or half-sister Morgause and her husband Lot , King of Orkney and Lothian , he is a brother of Gawain , Agravaine and Gareth and half-brother of Mordred . [ edit ] Role in Arthurian tradition In Thomas Malory 's Le Morte d'Arthur , Gaheris is squire to his elder brother Gawain, whose fiery temper he helps moderate, before being knighted himself.